American english file-2e-2--teachers-book - Flip eBook Pages 1-50 (2023)

2

American

English File

Teacher’s Book

Christina Latham-Koenig 1
Clive Oxenden

Paul Seligson

with Anna Lowy
Rachel Godfrey
Beatriz Martín García
Kate Mellersh

Paul Seligson and Clive Oxenden are the original co-authors of
English File 1 and English File 2

1 acknowledgements

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isbn: 978 0 19 477574 8 teacher’s book (pack component)
isbn: 978 0 19 477634 9 teacher’s book (pack)
isbn: 978 0 19 477658 5 testing program cd-rom (pack component)

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

Contents

4 Syllabus checklist

8 Introduction

• What do low-intermediate students need?
• Study Link
• Course components
Student Book Files 1–12
Back of the Student Book
• For students
Online Practice
Workbook
iChecker
Pronunciation App
• For teachers
Teacher’s Book
iTools
Testing Program CD-ROM
Video
Class Audio CDs

12 Lesson plans

158 Photocopiable activities

Contents
Grammar activity answers
Grammar activity masters
Communicative activity instructions
Communicative activity masters
Vocabulary activity instructions
Vocabulary activity masters
Song activity instructions
Song activity masters

280 Workbook answer key

3

© Copyright Oxford University Press

Syllabus checklist

1 Grammar Vocabulary
4 A Where are you from?
6 B Charlotte’s choice word order in questions common verb phrases,
8 C Mr. and Mrs. Clark and Percy simple present spelling and numbers
present continuous describing people:
appearance and personality
clothes, prepositions of place

10 Practical English  Episode 1  Hotel problems

2 simple past: regular and irregular verbs vacations
12 A Right place, wrong person

14 B The story behind the photo past continuous prepositions of time and
16 C One dark October evening time sequencers and connectors place: at, in, on
verb phrases

18 Review AND Check 1&2    On the street;  Short movies A photographer airports
be going to (plans and predictions)
3
20 A Plans and dreams

22 B Let’s meet again present continuous (future arrangements) verbs + prepositions e.g., arrive in
24 C What’s the word? defining relative clauses expressions for paraphrasing:
like, for example, etc.
26 Practical English  Episode 2  Restaurant problems
housework, make or do?
4 present perfect + yet and already
28 A Parents and teenagers

30 B Fashion and shopping present perfect or simple past? (1) shopping

32 C Lost weekend something, anything, nothing, etc. adjectives ending -ed and -ing

34 Review AND Check 3&4    On the street;  Short movies Shopping in the UK

5 comparative adjectives and adverbs, time expressions: spend time, etc.
36 A No time for anything as…as describing a town or city
superlatives (+ ever + present perfect)
38 B Superlative cities

40 C How much is too much? quantifiers, too, not enough health and the body

42 Practical English  Episode 3  The wrong shoes opposite verbs
verb + back
6 will  / won’t (predictions)
44 A Are you a pessimist? will  / won’t (decisions, offers, promises)
46 B I’ll never forget you

48 C The meaning of dreaming review of verb forms: present, past, and future adjectives + prepositions

50 Review AND Check 5&6    On the street;  Short movies Chicago

4

© Copyright Oxford University Press



Pronunciation Speaking Listening Reading

vowel sounds, the Common verb phrases, What's Charlotte’s two dates Who knows you better – your
alphabet his name? How do you spell it? Song: Ugly mother or your best friend?
final -s / -es Do you have a friend who is David Hockney’s Mr and Mrs Clark
/ə/ and /ər/ looking for a partner? and Percy
Describing a picture, Describe
and draw

regular verbs: -ed endings Your last vacation Mia and Linda The place is perfect, the weather
is wonderful
sentence stress Talking about photographs The image that cost a fortune A moment in history

word stress The story of Hannah and Jamie, When Hannah met Jamie We were there!
Happy ending, Sad ending Song: Blue As Your Eyes
Top airports in the world
sentence stress and What are your plans? Three travel plans Facebook friends
fast speech Song: This is the Life 900 new words in 3 months
sounding friendly Making plans Flight details
pronunciation in a What’s the word? TV game show
dictionary

/y/ and /dʒ/ Has he done it yet? Teenage caregivers Teenagers have annoying habits –
c and ch Present perfect questionnaire but so do their parents!
/ɛ/, /oʊ/, and /ʌ/ Last weekend Have you ever bought something that The style interview
you’ve never worn?
Steve’s weekend What did you really do on
Song: If You Love Somebody the weekend?
Set Them Free
Shoe stores discover
matching crimes

sentence stress Spending time Expert advice We’re living faster, but are we
living better?
word and sentence All big cities are unfriendly – or Three tests in New York City All big cities are unfriendly – or are
stress are they?, The friendliest city Song: Nobody Does It Better they?
/ʌ/, /u/, /aɪ/, and /ɛ/ Diet and lifestyle questionnaire Radio program – Lifestyle Everything bad is good for you

’ll, won’t Are you a positive thinker? Radio program – Positive thinking A pessimist plays a pessimist
word stress: I’ll never forget you
two-syllable verbs News program about Steve and Carmen I’ll never forget you
the letters ow Dreams, Review questionnaire Song: Reach Out I’ll Be There

Understanding your dreams Dreams

Can music really make you
run faster?

5

© Copyright Oxford University Press

Grammar Vocabulary

7 uses of the infinitive verbs + infinitive: try to, forget to, etc.
52 A How to…

54 B Being happy uses of the gerund (verb + -ing) verbs + gerund

56 C Learn a language in a month! have to, don’t have to, must, must not, can’t modifiers: a little (bit), really, etc.

58 Practical English  Episode 4  At the pharmacy

8 should get
60 A I don't know what to do!

62 B If something can go wrong,… if + present, will + base form confusing verbs
(first conditional) adverbs of manner

64 C You must be mine possessive pronouns

66 Review and Check 7&8    On the street;  Short movies Learning a language

9 if + past, would + base form animals
68 A What would you do? (second conditional) phobias and words related to fear
present perfect + for and since biographies
70 B I’ve been afraid of it for years present perfect or simple past? (2)
72 C Born to sing verbs: invent, discover, etc.
school subjects
74 Practical English  Episode 5  Getting around word building: noun formation

10 passive
76 A The mothers of invention used to
78 B Could do better

80 C Mr. Indecisive might

82 Review and Check 9&10    On the street;  Short movies Marwell Wildlife

11 expressing movement sports, expressing movement
84 A Bad losers

86 B Are you a morning person? word order of phrasal verbs phrasal verbs
88 C What a coincidence! so, neither + auxiliaries similarities

90 Practical English  Episode 6  Time to go home

12 past perfect verb phrases
92 A Strange but true! reported speech say or tell?
94 B Gossip is good for you

96 C The American English File quiz questions without auxiliaries review

98 Review and Check 11&12    On the street;  Short movies Sports in New Zealand

100 Communication 126 Grammar Bank 164 Irregular verbs
111 Writing 150 Vocabulary Bank 166 Sound Bank
118 Listening

6

© Copyright Oxford University Press



Pronunciation Speaking Listening Reading

weak form of to, linking How to... Nico’s first meeting How to Survive Meeting Your
Girlfriend’s Parents for the
Singing school First Time
Song: Don’t Stop Me Now
the letter i Singing and being happy Language tests I will survive (in Spanish) …or will I?
sentence stress Have you ever…?

/ʊ/ and /u/, sentence stress What’s the problem? Radio program – What’s the problem? Too macho to talk?
Song: Why Do I Feel So Sad?
linking Vacation couple survive seven It always happens!
natural disasters!
sentence rhythm Reading dialogue Girl continued Girl by O.Henry
Why are some Americans so bad
at learning languages?

word stress Would you know what to do?, Would you know what to do?
What would you do…?
sentence stress Scared of spiders? Take this pill.
word stress, /ɔr/ Questionnaire reviewing tenses Three phobias Like father like son

Talking about an older person Radio program - Top Sounds
Song: You're My #1

/ʃ/, -ed, sentence stress Passives quiz Radio program – Inventions Did you know…?
used to / didn’t use to Did you use to…? Memories of school
Song: ABC Is too much choice making us
unhappy?
diphthongs Are you indecisive? Dolphins save swimmers from a
shark attack
sports Sports – you love them or you Song: The Final Countdown
hate them. Facebook coincidence Bad losers?
brings couple together Early bird!
linking Phrasal verb questionnaire

sentence stress, /ð/ and /θ/ True sentences

contractions: had / hadn’t What had happened? Radio program – News Today News around the world
double consonants An anecdote
Rosemary and Iris Here’s a secret: Gossip might be
Song: I Heard It Through the Grapevine good for you

review General knowledge quiz

Heart couple’s amazing
coincidence

7

© Copyright Oxford University Press

Introduction

American English File Second Edition is an integrated skills American English File 2 provides contexts for new language
series that gets students talking- in class, and everywhere. that will engage students, using real-life stories and
Our goal with this Second Edition has been to make every situations, humor, and suspense. The Grammar Banks, at
lesson better and more student- and teacher-friendly. In the back of the book, give students a single, easy-to-access
addition to Student Book Lessons A, B, and C, there is a
range of material that you can use according to your students’ Vowel soundsgrammar reference section, with clear rules, example
needs and the time and resources you have available:
• Practical English video and exercises (also available on sentences with audio, and common errors. There are at least
two practice exercises for each grammar point.
class audio)
• Review & Check pages, with video (also available on Vocabularyusual spelling ! but also
Low-intermedeeiatefesetludteeenthts need people machine
class audio) • to review anderaeactteivacahte pmreeavniously lkeeayrnneidecveocabulary.
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Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation Everyelgegsson focuses on high-frequency vocabulary and
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At any level, the tools students need to speak English with clearcrheafierrence so students can review and test themselves
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(G, V, P). In American English File Second Edition, all three yacht
elements are given equal importance. Each lesson has
clearly stated grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation socks college quality
goals. This keeps lessons focused and gives students
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Grammar Lowc-lionctkermeda iatefastthuedr ents need
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Low-intermediate students need •

• clear and memorable presentations of new structures. •
• regular and motivating practice.
• student-friendly reference material. or boring worn four
ore more score
10 GRAMMAR BANK oor door floor

10A passive: be + past participle • You can often say things in two ways, in the active or in the passive. 10A b Rewrite the sentences in the passive, beginning
Josephine Cochrane invented the dishwasher. (active) with the highlighted words.
Present: am / is / are + past participle 4 38 The dishwasher was invented by Josephine Cochrane. (passive) a Complete with present or past passive. horse
+ Kevlar is used to make bullet-proof vests. Shakespeare wrote Hamlet in 1603.
– White-out isn’t used very much today. • In the active sentence, the focus is more on Josephine The Eiffel Tower was completed in 1889. (complete) Hamlet was written by Shakespeare in 1603.
? Are disposable diapers used all over the world? Cochrane. 1 Jonathan Ive designed the iPod and the iPhone.
1 Many of the things we use every day by 2 Most Mediterranean countries produce olive oil.
• In the passive sentence, the focus is more on the dishwasher. 3 Herschel discovered Uranus in 1781.
women. (invent) 4 Barry Sonnenfeld directed the Men in Black
• You can also use the passive when it isn’t known or isn’t movies.
Past: was / were + past participle important who does or did the action. 2 In the US, most children in public schools. (educate) 5 David Hockney painted Mr and Mrs Clark and
+ The dishwasher was invented by Josephine Cochrane. My car was stolen last week. Percy in 1970–1971.
– Windshield wipers weren’t invented until 1903. Volvo cars are made in Sweden. 3 Australia by Captain Cook in 1770. (discover) 6 Elvis Presley didn’t write Blue Suede Shoes. Wfrwoehlriaotlthoisbowntonue-oisdwnthietilepadrnswm,gsiueeuoitdlahw*oeginAaettmecrnslecoueletehdmwrtaoeiecreorankslufnn,erscaereeEhsnswn,hodpgopwlasirreseohtainFckuuiflntsdleohhaocr1roriomlaeyswutusisgioli.oolhtnSlsuatejcnuulhrdideca-eealsnldpetyenslgliensg
? When was the washing machine invented? 7 JK Rowling wrote the Harry Potter books. be familiar withu thepuunlilqupeusshystem of wsoouunldd pshicotuulrdes,
• Use by to say who did the action. 4 This morning I up by the neighbor’s dog. (wake) 8 They make Hyundai cars in South Korea. which give cleaor oexamfopotle bwooorkds to helwpoidmeanntify and
The Lord of the Rings was written by Tolkien. produce sounds. AmleoroikcantoEonkglish File 2 continues with
5 Baseball in the summer in the US. (play) p.76 a pronbuunllciation focus in every lesson that integrates
improving students’ pronunciation into grammar and
6 The songs on this album last year. (record) v*oecsapbeucliaarllyypbreafoctriecceo. nsonant + e

7 Nowadays a lot of toys in China. (make)

10B used to / didn’t use to used to or usually? 8 Carols are songs that at Christmas. (sing)
used to only exists in the past.
For habits in the present, use usually + 9 These birds in Canada. (not usually see)
simple present, NOT use to
+ When I was a child, I used to play on the street. 4 43 I usually cook in the evenings. 10 “Rome in a day.” (not build)
NOT I use to cook in the evenings.
My brother used to have very long hair.
– Children didn’t use to watch much TV when my father was young.
My daughter didn’t use to like vegetables, but now she loves them. 10B b Make sentences with used to, didn’t use to, or
? Did you use to wear a uniform at school? Yes, I did. did … use to?
Did you use to like your teachers? No, I didn’t. a Look at how John has changed. Write five sentences about
how he was IN THE PAST. ? you / have long hair
Did you use to have long hair?
• Use used to / didn’t use to + base form to talk about things that happened IN THE PAST NOW 1 + my sister / hate math, but she loves it now
repeatedly or were true for a long period of time in the past, but are 2 ? where / you / work
usually not true now, e.g., things that happened when you were a child. 3 – I / like vegetables when I was a child
4 ? what / you / do on summer vacation when
• used to / didn’t use to is the same for all persons.
you were young
• Instead of used to, you can use the simple past with an adverb of frequency. 5 – Americans / put a lot of ice in drinks
When I was a child, I often played on the street. 6 + this building / be a movie theater
7 ? your brother / teach here
10C might / might not (possibility) may / may not He used to be slim. long hair. 8 – I / be a New York Yankees fan
You can also use may instead of might for 1 glasses. 9 ? Jeff / have a motorcycle
We might have a picnic tomorrow, but it depends on the weather. 4 50 possibility, e.g., 2 a beard. 10 + telegrams / be a way of sending important
She might come with us, but she’s not sure yet. We may have a picnic tomorrow. 3 soccer.
I might not go to the party. I haven’t decided yet. I may not go to the party. 4 a tie. messages
You might not see him today. He’s coming home late. 5
p.79

(Video) FCE Complete Student Book Audio Files- B2 First Course

• Use might / might not + base form to say that maybe 10C b Complete the sentences with might + a verb
you will or won’t do something. phrase.
We might have a picnic tomorrow. = Maybe we will have a picnic tomorrow. a Match the sentences.
A You might fall. be cold be sick be in a meeting go to the
• might / might not is the same for all persons. Take some sunscreen. D B It may not be your size. movies not have time not like it have pizza
1 Let’s buy a lottery ticket. C We might get lost.
• might not is not usually contracted. 2 Call the restaurant. D It might be really sunny. I’m not sure what to do tonight. I might go to
3 Don’t stand on the fence. E We may not have enough money. the movies.
4 Let’s take a map. F You might cut yourself. 1 Kim wasn’t at school today. She
5 Try the shirt on. G It may be closed on Sundays. 2 His phone is turned off. He
6 Don’t wait for me. H We might win. 3 It’s an unusual book. You
7 Be careful with that knife! I I may be late. 4 I don’t know if I’ll finish it. I
8 Ask how much it costs. 5 I’m not sure what to order. I
6 Take a jacket. It

144 p.80 145

8 166

© Copyright Oxford University Press

Speaking Writing

Low-intermediate students need Low-intermediate students need
• topics that will inspire their interest.
• tasks that push them to incorporate new language. • clear models. Writing
• a sense of progress in their ability to speak. •an awareness of
6 A biogrAphy Norah Jones
register, structure, and a Read the biography of Norah Jones. Then
The ultimate goal of most fixedphrases. Norah Jones is an American singer-songwriter and
students is to be able to cover the text and try to remember three actress. She 1was born (be born) in 1979 in New York
communicate orally in The growth of the Internet things about her.
English. Every lesson in and email means that people b Put the verbs in parentheses in the simple
American English File 2 worldwide are writing in past or present perfect.
has a speaking activity English more than ever
that activates grammar, before, both for business and Writing a biography – use of tenses City. Her father is Ravi Shankar, a famous Indian sitar player,
vocabulary, and personal communication. If you write a biography of a person who is
pronunciation. The tasks are Communication There are guided writing dead, the verbs will all be in the simple past. and her mother is the concert producer Sue Jones. In 1986,
designed to help students tasks in each File.
feel a sense of progress and If the person is alive, all finished actions will her parents 2 (separate) and later got divorced,
to show that the number of be in the simple past (such as the person’s
situations in which they can early life, e.g., was born, went to college, and Norah went to live in Texas with her mother.
communicate effectively etc., or specific actions in their life, e.g., got
isgrowing. married, moved to another town, etc.). Norah 3 (be) interested in music all her life. When

However, you must use the present perfect she was young, she played the saxophone and she was in
for unfinished actions that started in the
1a what’s his name? how Do you 1C DesCribe anD Draw Student A past and are still true now (and which might two different choirs. She 4 (go) to the University
spell it? Student A change), e.g., She has won nine Grammy
awards. She has appeared in several movies. of North Texas to study jazz piano, and while she was there

Use the simple present (or present she 5 (meet) Jesse Harris. She started a band
continuous) to talk about the present day,
e.g., She lives in New York. She’s working on a with him a year later, and since then they 6 (work)
new album.
together on many different projects.

In 1999, she 7 (move) to

EF3PS100a New York City, and in 2001 she
w91mm x h96mm
1 Jessica 2 Hughes 3 Bethany signed a contract with Blue

c Write a biography of someone you know, Note Records. Since then she
or of a famous person, who is still alive.
Write three paragraphs. Make notes before 8 (make) five albums,
you begin.
and they have all been very

successful. She 9

4 Dixon 5 Abigail 6 Kelly Paragraph 1 where and when they were (win) nine Grammy
born, their early life
Paragraph 2 (simple past) awards and has sold
Paragraph 3
a Ask B questions to complete the missing information. their life as a young adult over 37 million albums
Photo 1 – What’s her last name? How do you spell it? (mostly simple past)
worldwide. She has also
b Answer B’s questions. their later life and their life now
(simple past, present perfect, appeared in several
simple present / present
continuous) movies, including

My Blueberry Nights.

Asking for repetition She has been in only
If you don’t hear or understand somebody, you can say:
Sorry? Can you say that again? Can you repeat that? one relationship,

a Look at your painting for a minute. d Check your biography for mistakes with Lee Alexander, but
b Describe your painting for B to draw. (grammar, punctuation, and spelling).
c Listen to B describing his / her painting. Try to draw it. Show your biography to other students they 10 (break
in the class. Which of your classmates’
1b alexanDer anD oliver Student A Don’t look at it. Ask B questions to help you. biographies is the most interesting? up) in 2007. She still lives
a Ask B questions and complete the chart for Oliver. d Now compare your drawings with the original
in New York. Right now she
paintings. Are they similar?
is working on a new album.

p.73

Name Alexander Oliver 2b at, in, on Student A 116
How old / ? 32
Where / from? Los Angeles a Ask B your questions. Practical English
Where / live? San Francisco
What / do? journalist 1 When were you born? Low-intermediate students need
What / like? modern art, 2 Where do you usually have breakfast? • to understand high-frequency phrases that they will hear.
classical music 3 What time do you usually have lunch? • to know what to say in typical situations.
What / not like? sports 4 What days of the week do you usually go out in • to know how to overcome typical travel problems.

b Answer B’s questions about Alexander. theevening? The six Practical English lessons give students practice in
5 What time of day do you usually do your English key language for situations such as explaining that there are
problems in a hotel or in a restaurant, or taking something
homework? back to a store. To make these everyday situations come
6 When do you usually take a vacation? alive, there is a storyline involving two main characters,
7 Where do you usually listen to music? Jenny (from New York) and Rob (from London). The
8 When’s your birthday? storyline picks up where it left off in American English
File 1, but it is self-standing, so it can be used equally with
b Answer B’s questions using at, in, or on. Ask What students who did not use that level. The You hear / You
about you? for each question. say feature makes a clear distinction between what students
will hear and need to understand, for example How can I
100 help you? and what they need to say, for example There’s a
problem with the air conditioning. The lessons also highlight
Listening other key “Social English” phrases such as Here you are.
and Time to go. The Practical English lessons are on the
Low-intermediate students need American English File 2 DVD and iTools. Teachers can
• confidence-building, achievable tasks. also use the Practical English Student Book exercises with
• to practice getting the gist and listening for detail. the Class Audio CDs. Using the video will provide a
• to make sense of connected speech. change of focus and give the lessons a clear visual context.
• a reason to listen. The video will make the lessons more enjoyable and will
also help students to role-play the situations.
At low-intermediate level, students need confidence-
building tasks that are progressively more challenging
in terms of speed, length, and language difficulty, but are
always achievable. They also need a variety of listening tasks
that practice listening for gist and for specific details. We
have chosen material we hope students will want to listen to.

Reading

Low-intermediate students need
• engaging topics and stimulating texts.
• manageable tasks that help students to read.

G present perfect or simple past? (1) Have you
V shopping ever been to
P c and ch that store? Yes. 2 GRAMMAR 5 PRONUNCIATION c and ch
I bought this present perfect or simple past? (1) a How is c pronounced in these words? Put them
4B Fashion and shopping shirt there.
a Look at the last four questions in the right row.
1 READING c Read the interview. Fill in the blanks with A–F. in the interview. Answer with account auction city click clothes Review
a With a partner, write down the names of a partner. credit card customer decide nice
A I absolutely hated dressing as a man. proceed receipt Low-intermediate students need
three fashion designers. What nationality B I really understand how women want to feel. 1 Which questions are about • regular review.
are they? Do they design more for men or C My boyfriend at that time was very lucky. experiences sometime in key • to feel a sense of progress.
for women? What kinds of things does their D My feet were killing me! Lindka’s life?
company make? E The only things I enjoyed there were art and sewing. snake Students will usually only assimilate and remember new
b Read the introduction to an interview and F They are so chic, and their sense of color is so natural tothem. 2 Which questions are about a language if they have the chance to see it and use it several
look at the photos. Do you like the clothes? specific moment in Lindka’s past? b 2 30 Listen and check. When is c pronounced /s/? times. Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation are
d Look at the highlighted words and phrases related to fashion and c 2 31 How is ch usually pronounced? Listen recycled throughout the course. After every two Files, there
shopping, and guess their meaning. 3 What does ever mean in the is a two-page Review & Check section. The left-hand page
questions that begin with Have you ever…? and circle the two words where ch is pronounced reviews the grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation of
differently. How is it pronounced in these words? each File. The right-hand page provides a series of skills-
b p.132 Grammar Bank 4B. Learn change cheap checkout based challenges, including video interviews, and helps
more about the present perfect and chemistry chic choose students to measure their progress in terms of competence.
simple past and practice them. These pages are designed to be used flexibly according to
d Practice saying the words in a and c. the needs of your students. There are also separate short
3 LISTENING movies on video for students to watch and enjoy.

The STyle InTervIew a 2 26 Listen to four people answering the question Have you
ever bought something that you’ve never worn? What did they
buy? Write 1–4 in the boxes. (There is one item you don’t need.)

Lindka CieraCh is a fashion designer. She makes very exclusive a coat some sports clothes a skirt 6 SPEAKING
some pants a shirt a Complete the questions with the past participle
clothes for women. She has made clothes for many celebrities including
members of the British royal family, for example Kate Middleton and Sarah b Listen again. What was the problem with the clothes? Write of theverb.
Ferguson, whose wedding dress she designed, and actresses like Helen Mirren. 1–4 in the boxes.

DiD you always want to be a Designer? have you ever been to a costuMe This person… 1 Have you ever (buy) or (sell)
Not at all! When I was at school I had party?
problems reading, and later I was I hate costume parties. But I can bought something online, but didn’t like the clothes when anything on eBay? What? Did you pay or get
diagnosed as dyslexic. 1 After school remember one, when I was ten. they arrived.
I took a secretarial course and then I got a good price?
a job at Vogue magazine. I loved it, and what DiD you go as? bought the clothes too quickly and later didn’t like them.
there I realized that what I wanted to do My mother made me and my younger 2 Have you ever (buy) something online
was design clothes. sister dress as a bride and bridegroom – wanted to look like a famous singer, but looked like
I was the bridegroom! 4 another. and had a problem with it? What was it?
why Do you think people like your
clothes? have you ever Met soMeone who suddenly didn’t need the new clothes anymore. What did you do?
Being a female designer has many was wearing exactly the saMe
advantages. 2 My customers leave outfit as you? 3 Have you ever (have) an argument with
the studio feeling like a million dollars! Never, thank goodness!
I’m lucky because a salesperson? What was it about?
what nationality Do you think has Ican choose from a
the best fashion sense? large selection of our have you ever fallen because you were c Have you ever bought something that you’ve never worn? 4 Have you ever (try) to exchange
Probably the Italians. 3 collection each season! wearing very high heels? What was it?
I’ve never fallen, but once I had to take off my something without the receipt? Were you
shoes in the middle of a reception at the House
of Lords! 5 successful?

what DiD you Do? 5 Have you ever accidentally (take)
I walked out into the street in bare feet and
jumped into a taxi! 4 VOCABULARY shopping something from a store without paying?

have you ever DesigneD clothes for a Man? a 2 27 Listen to some sentences from the listening. What did you take? What happened?
Yes, I have. Fill in the blanks with one word. With a partner, say what the
highlighted phrases mean. 6 Have you ever (buy) shoes without
when was it?
It was when I was studying at the London trying them on? Did they fit?
College of Fashion. I designed my first men’s
wear collection – shirts, pants, and leather 1 I remember when I was in the room I thought they 7 Have you ever (get) to the supermarket
jackets. 6 He didn’t need to buy any
clothes that year! looked amazing. checkout and then found you didn’t have

Glossary 2 I it on eBay. enough money? What did you do?
bride / bridegroom a woman /
man on the day of her / his wedding 3 I hate clothes shopping, and I never things on. 8 Have you ever (lose) your credit card?
The House of Lords the second
4 I didn’t have the receipt, so I couldn’t it back. Where did you lose it? Did you get it back?
house of the British Parliament
5 Well, I bought it from a website that has b Ask other students question 1. Try to find
somebody who says Yes, I have. Then ask him or
cheap deals. her the simple past questions. Do the same for
questions 2–8.
b p.155 Vocabulary Bank Shopping.

30 31

Many students need to read in English for work or
school, and reading is also important in helping to build
vocabulary and to consolidate grammar. The key to
encouraging students to read is to give them motivating
but accessible material and tasks they can do. In American
English File 2, reading texts have been adapted from
a variety of real sources (the press, magazines, news
websites) and have been chosen for their intrinsic interest.

9

© Copyright Oxford University Press

Student Book Files 1–12 G uses of the infinitive What do I It’s important 2 GRAMMAR 4 PRONUNCIATION & SPEAKING
V verbs + infinitive: try to, forget to, etc. need to do? not to be late. uses of the infinitive weak form ofto, linking
The Student Book has twelve Files, or units. Each File is organized like this: P weak form of to, linking
7A a Match sentences a–d from the article with a 3 26 Listen to two sentences. Is to stressed?
A, B, and C lessons How to… rules 1–4. How is it pronounced?

Each file contains three two-page lessons that present and practice Grammar, 1 READING & LISTENING How to… Survive Meeting a If you do this, it will be easy to have a I want to come.
Vocabulary, and Pronunciation with a balance of reading and listening a Look at the poster of a well-known movie. Do you Your Girlfriend’s Parents conversation with them. He decided to leave.
activities, and a lot of opportunity for speaking. These lessons have clear references for the First Time
to the Grammar Bank, Vocabulary Bank, and Sound Bank at the back of the book. know what it’s about? Have you seen it? b Offer to do the dishes after the meal (to Linking words with the same consonant sound
It’s stressful, but these top tips can help you show them that you are helpful). When a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word begins
Practical English a/w film still from film involving boy to get it right… with the same or a very similar sound, we often link the words
meeting in-laws e.g. Meet the Fockers c If the conversation is dying and you together and only make the consonant sound once. This happens
After every odd-numbered File, there is a two-page lesson that teaches functional Tips can’t think of what to say, ask them when a verb ends in /t/ or /d/ before to, so want to is pronounced
“survival English” (for example, language for checking into a hotel or ordering a b With a partner, think of two pieces of advice for what your partner was like as a child. /ˈwɑntə/ and decided to is pronounced /dɪˈsaɪdətə/.
meal) and also social English (useful phrases like Nice to meet you, Let’s go). The somebody who is going to meet his or her partner’s 1 You need to do some “homework” before
lessons have a storyline and link with the American English File 2 Video. parents for the first time. you go. Ask your girlfriend about her parents. d You need to do some “homework” b 3 27 Listen and write six sentences. Then practice saying them.
Where does her mother work? Does her father like before you go.
Review & Check c Now read an article adapted from the website wikiHow. basketball? Do you have any common interests? If c Work in pairs. A ask B the first six questions. B give as much
Is your advice there? you do this, it will be easy a conversation Use the infinitive… information as you can. Change roles for the last six questions.
After every even-numbered File, there is a two-page section reviewing Grammar, with them. 1 after some verbs, e.g., need, want, etc.
Vocabulary, and Pronunciation of each File and providing Reading, Listening, d Read the article again and fill in the blanks with the 2 after adjectives • Have you ever offered to look after somebody’s dog
and Speaking “Can you…?” challenges to show students what they can achieve. verbs in the list. 2 Make sure you dress the right 3 to give a reason for doing something (or other pet)?
to answer not to be to do (x2) to have to know impression. Don’t wear a suit, but don’t just wear 4 after a question word, e.g., who, what, how
The back of the Student Book to make to say to show not to talk • Do you think it is difficult to stay friends with an
b Look at the other infinitives you used to ex-boyfriend/girlfriend?
The lessons contain references to these sections: Communication, Writing, e 3 23 Listen to Nico meeting his girlfriend’s parents complete the article. Which rules are they?
Listening, Grammar Bank, Vocabulary Bank, and Sound Bank. for the first time. Does the meeting start well or badly? • Have you ever tried to learn something new and failed?
How does it end? c p.138 Grammar Bank 7A. Learn more • Do you think it is important to learn to cook at school?
about uses of the infinitive and practice them. • How long do you usually spend deciding what to wear in
f Listen again and answer the questions.
1 What does he do wrong? your old jeans and the Che Guevara T-shirt you the morning?
2 What does he do right? bought at the flea market. • Do you know how to change a tire on a car?
3 VOCABULARY verbs + infinitive
g Do you think the advice in the article would be good 3 Be punctual. It’s very important late for • Do you think it’s possible to learn a foreign language studying on
for people in your country? Why (not)? Do you think a first meeting. a Without looking back at the article, try to your own at home?
the advice would be the same for a girl meeting her remember the missing verbs.
boyfriend’s parents for the first time? 4 When they greet you at the door shake the • Are you planning to go anywhere next weekend?
father’s hand firmly (no father likes a weak 1 You to do some homework before • Would you like to work or study in another country?
52 handshake!). Ask your girlfriend what kind of • Have you ever pretended to be sick (when you weren’t)?
greeting her mom will prefer. you go. • Have you ever forgotten to turn off your cell phone during a class

5 Call her parents Mr. and Mrs. (Smith) until they 2 Her parents will to know or concert?
ask you to call them “Dave” and “Maria.” • What do you think is the most interesting thing to do for a visitor
everything about you and your ambitions.
to your town?
6 Be ready questions about yourself! Her 3 to do the dishes after the meal…
d Communication How to… A p.103 B p.107. Read and retell two
parents will want everything about you 4 However, not to talk about more How to… articles.

and your ambitions. Make a good impression! controversial subjects…

7 If you are invited for a meal, eat everything they b p.158 Vocabulary Bank Verb forms.
give you and say something positive about the Do part 1 (Verbs + infinitive).

meal, like “This is absolutely delicious!” Offer
the dishes after the meal ( them
that you are helpful).
5 WRITING
8 Be yourself, and don’t be a “yes” man. If they
ask you for your opinion, be honest. However, With a partner, write a “How to…” article. Choose one of the
try about controversial subjects – this titles below and try to think of at least four tips.
isn’t the moment to give your views on religion and How to…
politics! • make a good impression on your first day in your English class.
• make a good impression at a job interview.
9 If the conversation is dying and you can’t think of
what , ask them what your partner was
like as a child. This is a smart tactic! All parents
love talking about their children, and it shows you
have a deep interest in their daughter.

Adapted from wikiHow

53

Practical English At the pharmacy 4 EPISODE b Watch or listen again. Complete the
You Hear phrases.

You Hear You Say

Good morning. I’m not feeling very
Can I help you? well. I think I have flu.

1 VIDEO RUNNING IN 2 VOCABULARY feeling sick What are your I have a headache
CENTRAL PARK symptoms? and a cough.

a 3 38 Watch or listen to Rob and Jenny. a Match the phrases and pictures. Do you have a ? No, I don’t think so.
Are they enjoying their run?
What’s the matter? I have a temperature. /ˈtɛmprətʃər/ Are you allergic to I’m allergic to 4 VIDEO DINNER AT JENNY’S APARTMENT
I have a stomachache. /ˈstʌməkeɪk/ any drugs? penicillin. a 3 42 Watch or listen to Rob and Jenny. Mark the sentences
I have a headache. /ˈhɛdeɪk/ I have a cold. /koʊld/ How many do I have
I have a cough. /kɔf/ No . This is to take? T (true) or F (false).
I have the flu. /flu/ ibuprofen. It’ll make you
Sorry? How often? 1 Rob broke up with his girlfriend a year before he met Jenny.
feel . OK, thanks. How 2 Jenny hasn’t had much time for relationships.
much is that? 3 Jenny knew that Rob wasn’t feeling well in the morning.
123 every four hours. 4 Rob wants to go back to his hotel because he’s tired.
Thank you. 5 Jenny is going to call a taxi.
every four hours.
If you don’t feel better b Watch or listen again. Say why the F sentences are false.
in hours, you
c 3 43 Read the information box about have got. Listen and
should see a doctor. repeat the phrases.

That’s $6.99, please.

456 You’re .

b 3 39 Listen and check. Cover the phrases and practice with a American and British English have got
partner. pharmacy = American English (and sometimes In British English, have got is sometimes used instead of have to talk
about possession.
British English) I’ve got a busy day tomorrow.
chemist’s = British English Have you got any children? Yes, I have. I’ve got a girl and a boy.
drugs = medicine in American English
drugs = illegal substances in British and No, I haven’t. I haven’t got any children.

American English See appendix p.165.

What’s the matter? I have a headache. the flu = American English d Ask and answer with a partner. Use Have you got…? Yes, I have. /
No, I haven’t. Give more information if you can.
flu = British English

3 VIDEO GOING TO A PHARMACY c 3 41 Watch or listen and repeat the A any pets a bike or motorcycle a yard
You Say phrases. Copy the rhythm. B any brothers and sisters a car a laptop
a 3 40 Cover the dialogue and watch or listen. Circle the correct
answer. d Practice the dialogue with a partner. Have you got any pets? Yes, I have. I’ve got two dogs.

1 Rob thinks he has a cold / the flu. e In pairs, role-play the dialogue. e Look at the Social English phrases. Can you remember any of
2 The pharmacist gives Rob ibuprofen / penicillin. A (book closed) You don’t feel very well. the missing words?
3 He has to take the medicine every four hours / eight hours. Decide what symptoms you have. Are you
4 They cost $16.99 / $6.99. allergic to anything? Social English phrases
B (book open) You are the pharmacist. You
begin with Can I help you? Rob That was a lovely . Jenny I’m you’re feeling better.

f Change roles. Rob That isn’t very for you. Rob Thanks again for a evening.

Rob I’m I’ll be fine. Jenny time.

b Watch or listen again and answer the Rob I think I get back to the hotel now.
questions.
f 3 45 Watch or listen and complete the phrases.
1 How does Rob say he feels? g Watch or listen again and repeat the phrases. How do you say
2 What does Jenny say about Central Park?
3 Is Rob happy he came to New York? them in your language?
4 What is Rob tired of doing?
5 What does Jenny invite him to do? Can you…?
6 How many more times are they going to describe symptoms when you feel sick
get medicine at a pharmacy
run around the park? talk about possessions with have got

58 59

7&8 Review and Check CAN YOU UNDERSTAND THIS TEXT? VIDEO CAN YOU UNDERSTAND THESE
PEOPLE?
a Read the article once. What does Michael think is
the main reason Americans aren’t good at speaking 4 15 On the street Watch or listen to five people
languages? and answer the questions.

GRAMMAR b Complete with a verb from the list. b Read the article again and check the reasons why,
according to the writer, some Americans are bad
Circle a, b, or c. enjoy finish forget hate learn mind promise try at languages.

1 I need some emails. 1 Don’t to turn off the light before you go. 1 Americans rarely travel abroad. Stacey Heba Ruth Ben James
2 English is an international language.
a to answer b answer c answering 2 I want to to speak Chinese. 3 Americans who live abroad often find the local 1 Stacey thinks that happiness is having .

2 The situation is difficult . 3 Can you to make less noise, please? language too difficult to learn. a somewhere nice to live and a lot of friends
4 Americans who live abroad often don’t socialize b a lot of money and a close family
a for explain b explain c to explain 4 I to pay you back next week. c a reasonable amount of money and friends and family
with the local people.
3 I don’t know what . 5 I really making cakes. 5 Language teachers in American schools are not

a do b to do c that I do 6 Do you waiting here until I’m ready? very good. 2 Heba .
6 Many American middle schools don’t have
4 I don’t really mind housework. 7 My parents are very punctual – they being late. a speaks a little Arabic and a little French
foreign-language teachers. b speaks Arabic and French very well
a do b to do c doing 8 When are you going to using the computer? I need it! 7 American children don’t know enough about their c speaks Arabic well and a little French

5 is one of the best forms of exercise. c Complete the modifiers. own grammar.
8 Americans don’t want to waste money learning
a Swiming b Swimming c Swim 1 A How are you? B V well, thanks. And you? 3 If Ruth has relationship problems, she talks to .
languages.
6 bring our books tomorrow? 2 I was ex lucky. I won $100. a her friends
c Look at the highlighted words or phrases in the text. b her mother
a Do we have to 3 She’s a l tired. She needs to rest. Guess their meaning from the context. Check with c her mother and her friends
your teacher or with a dictionary.
b Have we to 4 You’re driving r fast! Slow down!
Why are some Americans so
c Do we must 5 It’s f cold outside. You should wear a jacket. bad at learning languages? 4 Ben thinks people who have problems sleeping

7 It’s free. You pay. Michael Reece has lived and worked in France for should .
fifteen years.
a don’t have to b must not c haven’t to d Complete the get phrases. a drink less coffee and exercise more
Some Americans are bad at speaking foreign languages. It’s b do physical work before going to bed
8 You must your grandmother. 1 We didn’t have a GPS in the car, and we got on the way a fact. In any city around the world, you can find American c drink less coffee and try to relax more
tourists asking for the restaurant menu in English. At best,
a to call b calling c call home from Boston. they will try to say a couple of phrases they have learned from 5 James thinks that Americans are bad at learning
a phrase book, but they will stop making an effort the moment
9 You drink so much coffee. 2 I’m always really hungry when I get from school. they discover the waiter knows a little English. languages because .
I read a survey once that found that only 20 percent of
a not should b don’t should c shouldn’t 3 She was very sick, but luckily she’s getting . Americans could speak a language other than English in a they don’t want to learn languages
their own homes. So why is this? I think laziness is possibly b they find learning languages too difficult
10 I think you should to her about it. 4 We got two for the theater to see a show. the key factor. There is a general feeling among Americans c they aren’t interested in traveling abroad
that “everyone speaks English nowadays, so it’s not worth
a to talk b talk c talking 5 I get very well with my brothers and sisters. learning other languages.” In multinational companies,
English is often the official language of communication with
11 If she , she won’t come back. 6 They were married for ten years, but six months ago they the company. Also, Americans who live abroad can always
got . find other American expatriates to talk to or to watch
a goes b went c ’ll go American TV with—all reasons for never bothering to learn
the local language.
12 If they don’t come soon, we them. 7 I got a text from Carol. She says she’s going to be late. The situation in American schools doesn’t help. In 1997, about CAN YOU SAY THIS IN ENGLISH?
75 percent of American public middle schools offered foreign
a don’t see b won’t see c aren’t see languages. Today, that number has gone down to 58 percent. Do the tasks with a partner. Check (✓) the box if you
And even the few students who study foreign languages at can do them.
13 Call me if you a taxi. PRONUNCIATION school don’t have as many hours of classes as students in other Can you…?
a Circle the word with a different sound. countries. I think it is also a problem that American children 1 talk about something you would like to learn to do,
a won’t find b don’t find c didn’t find don’t study English grammar anymore, which makes it more
difficult for them to learn the grammar of another language. and someone you think would be interesting
14 A Whose book is that? B It’s . to meet
2 talk about three things you like, love, and hate doing
a my b mine book c mine 1 mine find right give 3 talk about the rules in your (language) school using
must and have to
15 She forgot his birthday, but he didn’t 4 give someone advice about learning English using
should and shouldn’t
forget . 2 win fit child thin 5 remember three of Murphy’s Laws in English
6 say two true sentences using mine and yours
a her b she c hers
Short movies Learning a language
3 choose could would look VIDEO Watch and enjoy the movie.

VOCABULARY 4 should impression dictionary sandwich

a Circle the right verb. 5 earn wear learn heard

1 When did you know / meet your husband? b Underline the stressed syllable.
2 Did you tell / say Mark about the party?
3 If we don’t run, we’ll miss / lose the train! 1 pre|tend 3 re|mem|ber 5 qui|et|ly
4 I really wait / hope she’s passed the exam. 2 im|por|tant 4 sa|la|ry
5 My mother always carries / wears a lot
67
of jewelry.
66

Online Practice

STUDY  LINK 

Workbook 2 American

For practice after class second edition English FilE 2 second edition

• All of the Grammar, Vocabulary, American Online Practice
Learn online with Oxford
English FilE
There is an access card on the inside back cover of each
Pronunciation, and Practical English Workbook Student Book. Students register for engaging LMS-powered
practice with immediate feedback on:
• Extra reading iChecker
• Reading and Listening exercises for everyFile
Self-assessment CD-ROM • Writing and Speaking models and tasks for every File

• A listening exercise for every lesson Christina Latham-Koenig
• Pronunciation exercises with audio Clive Oxenden
Paul Seligson

2

• Useful Words and Phrases

• Audio for Pronunciation and Listening exercises
(oniChecker)

iChecker CD-ROM

Pronunciation app

Each workbook is packaged with an iChecker CD-ROM for Students can purchase an engaging app through the iTunes
students to check their progress, challenge themselves, and or Google Android online stores for tablet- or phone-based
receive immediate feedback practice. Students can learn and practice the sounds of English

• Progress Check, with 30 multiple choice questions • Individual sounds
onGrammar, Vocabulary, and Practical English • Sounds in useful phrases
for each File • Speak and record

10 • Challenge, where students “build a text” using the
language they have learned from the File

• Audio Bank, with all of the audio for the Workbook
listening and pronunciation activities

10

© Copyright Oxford University Press

For teachers 2

Teacher’s Book second edition

Detailed lesson plans for all the lessons including: American
•an optional “books-closed” lead-in for every lesson
•Extra idea suggestions for optional extra activities English FilE
•Extra challenge suggestions for exploiting the Student Book material in a
Teacher’s
more challenging way if you have a stronger class Book
•Extra support suggestions for adapting activities or exercises to make them
Te sting Progr am
work for students who need more help CD-ROM

Extra activities appear in blue type so you can see at a glance what is core material Christina Latham-Koenig
and what is extra when you are planning and teaching your classes. Clive Oxenden
Paul Seligson
All lesson plans include keys and complete audioscripts.
2
Over 100 pages of photocopiable activities are in the Teacher’s Book.

4A GrAmmAr present perfect + yet and already 7A CommuniCAtive I’m going to tell you about… 2a vocaBulary Vacations 2c sonG Blue As Your Eyes
a Write questions and answers for the picture. Use present perfect + yet / already. Complete the texts. Put one word in each blank. The first letter is given. a Some of the bold lines in the lyrics have an extra word. Listen to the song. Put a check mark (✓)
Choose six topics and think about what you’re going to say. Talk to a partner. Give and ask for
more information. next to the correct lines or cross out the extra word.

the best way to something you 1 Blue as your Eyes
learn a language learned to do as
achild but can’t I love going 1a for the weekend Am I falling apart? 1
something you donow 1 Is this falling in love? Am I going completely insane? 2✓
think is important with my friends. We usually 2g You’re scratched on my heart. 3
to teach young something you 2 You’re scratched on my heart; you’re etched on my brain. 4
children sometimes forget to by car to a small town and 3s And every word; 5
do before you go 3 Every little word that you said goes ’round
tobed in a hotel. 4 ’Round in my head. 6
5 ’Round like a great cyclone in my mind. 7
1 do / the dishes 6 do / the laundry ? why tourists come something you need We don’t have much money, so we always 8
Has he done the dishes yet? . to your country to buy soon 4b the hotel online, as it’s Chorus 9
No, he hasn’t. 7 clean / the window cheaper that way. We never go 5c I’ve been trying to get a hold on you. 10
? ? because we want to be comfortable, and we I’ve been trying to get a hold on you. 11
2 clean / the floor . . don’t like sleeping in tents. I’ve been trying to get a hold on you 12
6 On this crazy old world of mine, every day.
3 do / the ironing 8 clean / his desk ? the things you do something you’ve 2 Right from the start. When I showed you my hand,
? . to relax after a decided to do in 7 I gave you my heart forever. Falling in love,
4 take out / the trash . hardday thefuture Last winter, my best friend and I decided to go Feeling alive, clear as the mud,
? 8 I’m blue as your eyes, blue as your eyes.
5 do / the shopping 9 set / the table . a sport you tried to something you find 1s in the Rockies. I didn’t have
? play but couldn’t difficult to do 9 Is it all only in my head?
. ? inEnglish any skis, so I 2r a pair when 10 You turn me away, now you beg me to stay.
. something you 11 Is it something that I said?
10 make / his bed wanted to be when what you want to do I got there. We decided to stay in a small 12 You want it to change, you want it the same.
? you were younger this weekend
. apartment near the ski slopes. It was very Chorus (x2)

3b , but it was comfortable.

We 4h a very good time there.

b Write sentences for the pictures. Use the present perfect. Then write the letter in the box. We’ll definitely go back there next year.

a 1 They / arrive d

They’ve arrived b.

2 He / be on vacation

.

b 3 She / make / breakfast e somebody you the best way to 3
would like to meet make new friends
.

4 A Would you like some pastries? If you like the beach and big cities, you should go b Listen to the song again and read the lyrics. Use the glossary to help you. How is the boy feeling?
B No, thanks. We / have lunch a jealous b confused c depressed
to Barcelona! In the mornings, you can go
. something you things that are
started to do important to do 1s and see all the museums
c 5 He / buy a ring f butdecided to if you go for a job
stopdoing interview and monuments. In the afternoons, you can go sonG facts
. Glossary
the things you think a movie that’s good 2s in the ocean or simply This song was originally recorded by the UK
6 She / wash her hair are important to do to watch when band Scouting For Girls. The band’s name falling apart = breaking
for a healthy life you’re feeling sad 3s on the beach. You don’t have comes from the fact that two of them met insane = crazy, mad
. when they were in The Scouts, a national You’re scratched on my heart = It’s impossible to stop loving you
to 4s a lot of money. Everything is club where young boys learn things like You’re etched on my brain = It’s impossible to stop thinking about you
camping, climbing, and outdoor sports. Blue get a hold on you = understand you
activation very cheap. Don’t forget your camera so that you As Your Eyes is a song from their 2010 album showed you my hand = told you my feelings
Everybody Wants To Be on TV. clear as the mud = unclear
can 5t a lot of photos! beg me = ask me

c Write sentences that are true for you. Say two things you’ve already done today, two things you 171 American English File 2nd edition Teacher’s Book 2 Photocopiable © Oxford University Press 2013 227 250 American English File 2nd edition Teacher’s Book 2 Photocopiable © Oxford University Press 2013 American English File 2nd edition Teacher’s Book 2 Photocopiable © Oxford University Press 2013 269
haven’t done yet, and two things you’ve just done.

American English File 2nd edition Teacher’s Book 2 Photocopiable © Oxford University Press 2013

477574_AEF2e_TB2_PCMs Grammar.indd 171 3/20/13 11:08 AM 477574_AEF2e_TB2_PCMs Communicative.indd 227 3/20/13 11:15 AM 477574_AEF2e_TB2_PCMs Vocab.indd 250 3/20/13 11:45 AM 477574_AEF2e_TB2_PCMs Songs.indd 269 3/21/13 12:19 PM

Grammar Communicative Vocabulary Song

see pages 162 –197 see pages 209 –244 see pages 248–262 see pages 268–279

• An activity for every • Extra speaking practice • Extra practice of new • A song for every File
Grammar Bank, which for every A, B, and vocabulary, for every • Provides the lyrics of
can be used in class or for C lesson Vocabulary Bank
self-study extra practice the song, with tasks to
do before, during, or
• An Activation section, to after listening
encourage students to use
the new language in class

iTools Testing Program DVD
CD-ROM
• The Student Book, Practical English
Workbook, and Teacher’s • A Quick Test for • A sitcom-style video that
Book (photocopiables everyFile
only) onscreen goes with the Practical
• An End-of-File test for English lessons in the
• All class audio (including every File Student Book
songs) and video, with On the street
interactive scripts • Entry Tests, Progress •Short real-world
Tests, and an End-of- interviews to accompany
• Answer keys for Student course Test the Review and
Book, Workbook, and Checksections
Teacher’s Book • A and B versions of all Short movies
the main Tests •Short documentary
• Resources including filmsfor students to
Grammar Power • Audio for all the watch afterthe Review
PointsTM, maps, and a Listening tests and Check sections
CEFR Mapping Guide
Class Audio CDs

• All of the listening
materials for the
Student Book

11

© Copyright Oxford University Press

G word order in questions
V common verb phrases, spelling and numbers
P vowel sounds, the alphabet

1A Where are you from?

Lesson plan conversations, depending on whether the person has a
job or is a student.
This first lesson has three main objectives: to help you and !  You may have Sts who are neither at school / college
the Sts to get to know each other, to give you a clear idea of nor working, e.g., they are unemployed or at home with
the level of your class, and to provide some quick, efficient children. If so, point out that if in section 2 somebody
review of some elementary language points. answers the question What do you do? with, for
The first exercise provides the context for reviewing an example, I’m unemployed / looking for a job, they should
important grammar point: the order of words in questions. think of a follow-up question if they can, and then go to
The vocabulary focus is on common verb phrases. Sts use the question Can you speak any other languages?
these to complete the questions, which they then ask each Check answers, making sure that Sts understand the
other. They then focus on the word order and practice it whole question, not just the missing verb.
in the Grammar Bank. The alphabet is reviewed, and the
listening activity gives you the chance to quickly review 1 HOME AND FAMILY are, were, live, live, have, have
spelling and numbers. Sts then bring all the language 2 JOB / STUDIES do / study
together by interviewing each other and completing a form.
There is an Entry Test on the Testing Program CD-ROM, work go
which you can give the Sts before starting the course. like are

STUDY  LINK  speak
• Workbook 1A study / learn

(Video) English File Beginner 3rd Edition Audio CD1

Extra photocopiable activities 3 FREE TIME listen, play, watch / like, play, read, go, do

• Grammar  Word order in questions page162 b 1 2    Focus on the Sentence stress box and go
• Communicative  Student profile page209 (instructions through it with Sts.

page198) Tell Sts to listen to the rhythm in the seven questions in
Free Time. Play the audio once for Sts just to listen.

Optional lead-in (books closed) 1 2 
• Before the class, choose some party music. You could use What kind of music do you listen to?
Do you play a musical instrument? Which?
one of the songs from the book, e.g., I Heard It Through What TV shows do you watch?
the Grapevine (CD 5 Track 26). Do you play any sports? Which ones?
• Introduce yourself to the class. Say Hello, I’m… . What kinds of books or magazines do you read?
• Tell Sts to stand upage Divide the class into two groups, How often do you go to the movies?
A and B. Ask both groups to make a circle, A inside What did you do last weekend?
B. Tell them to imagine that they’re at a party. When
you play the music, tell them to walk around in their Now play it again, stopping after each question for Sts
circle, one clockwise and the other counterclockwise. to repeat. Then repeat the activity, eliciting responses
Each time you stop the music, tell them to introduce from individual Sts.
themselves to the person standing across from them. c Focus on the instructions and the example.
Elicit that they can say Hello or Hi, I’m… or My name’s… Demonstrate the activity by getting Sts to ask
and should respond Nice to meet you. you questions first. Use full answers, giving
extrainformation.
1 VOCABULARY & SPEAKING  Extra challenge
• Encourage Sts to ask follow-up questions, e.g.,:
common verb phrases
a If you didn’t do the Optional lead-in, and your Sts A Do you have any brothers and sisters?
B I have one brother.
don’t know each other, set a time limit of, for example, A How old is he? / What’s his name? / What does he do?
two minutes, and tell Sts to stand up and move around Put Sts in pairs. Give them at least five minutes to
the room introducing themselves to other Sts. Tell ask and answer all the questions. Monitor their
them to say Hello / Hi, I’m…; Nice to meet you, and to conversations, to give you an idea of their oral level.
try to remember other Sts’ names. Get feedback from several pairs to see what they have
Books open. Focus on the pictures and the questions. in common.
Elicit the verbs for the first three questions under At this point, you could teach them the word both and
1Home and Family (are, were, live). its position (before all verbs except be and modal verbs
Put Sts in pairs and tell them to complete the other like can), e.g., We both live in the city. We’re both doctors.
questions with the correct verbs. Point out that in We can both speak German.
the Job / Studies section there are two possible
12

© Copyright Oxford University Press

2GRAMMAR  word order in questions 1A

a Focus on the instructions. Do the first one together. c In this activity, Sts move from yes / no questions to
Give Sts a minute to do the other three and questions beginning with question words. Focus
checkanswers. on the instructions, the example, and the questions.
Demonstrate the activity by asking the first question
1 Where were your parents born? (Do you drink a lot of coffee or tea?) until someone
2 Where is our teacher from? answers Yes, I do. Then ask the follow-up question (How
3 How do you spell your name? many cups do you drink?).
4 Did you go out last night? Give Sts a few minutes to figure out how to form the
questions and how to answer them.
Extra idea
• Put Sts in pairs and get them to ask and answer the Extra support
• Put Sts in pairs and get them to write the questions.
four questions.
Check the questions with the class before asking Sts
b 1 3  1 4    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 1A to stand up and mingle.
on page126. Explain that all the grammar rules and Ask Sts to stand up and move around the class asking
exercises are in this part of the book. each other the questions. If it’s difficult to move around
the class, do this in pairs.
Focus on the example sentences and play the audio for Get some feedback from the class.
Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to copy the
rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class. 3PRONUNCIATION 

Additional grammar notes vowel sounds, the alphabet
• In questions with the auxiliaries do, does, did, Sts
Pronunciation notes
might leave out the auxiliary or get the word order • Emphasize the importance of being able to spell in
wrong. Typical mistakes: You live with your parents?
Why she didn’t like the movie? English, particularly your name. Point out that it is
very useful to be able to recognize and write down
• In questions with be, Sts sometimes forget to invert letters correctly when people spell words to you.
the subject and verb. Typical mistakes: Ana’s a • If your Sts didn’t use American English File 1,
student? Where they are from? this will be the first time that they have seen the
If a verb is followed by a question (e.g., talk about, sound pictures (train, tree, etc.). Explain that the
listen to), the preposition goes at the end of the pictures will give Sts a clear example of the target
question: What did you talk about? sound and that they will help them remember the
pronunciation of the phonetic symbol. This is very
Focus on the exercises for 1A on page127. Sts do the important if they want to check the pronunciation
exercises individually or in pairs. of a word in the dictionary.

Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences. a 1 5    Focus on the sound pictures and instructions.
Give Sts a few minutes, in pairs, to write the words.
a 1 Where do you come from? Play the audio for Sts to listen and check answers.
2 Where is the train station? !  If Sts haven’t seen the American English File sound
3 How often do you read magazines? pictures before, you may want to play the audio and
4 Where are your friends from? pause after each word for Sts to write them down.
5 Why didn’t you write to me?
6 Do you often go to the movies? 1 5  5phone /oʊ/
7 What does this word mean? 1train /eɪ/ 6boot /u/
8 What time did your friends arrive? 2tree /i/ 7car /ɑr/
9 Does the class finish at 8:00? 3egg /ɛ/
4bike /aɪ/
10 Where were you born?
Now play it again, pausing after each word for Sts
b 1 Do you have a car? torepeat.
2 Is your brother older than you?
3 How often does he write to you?
4 What time does this class start?
5 Is your friend from Brazil?
6 How many languages do you speak?
7 Where was she born?
8 Where did you go last summer?
9 Is your father a doctor?

10 Did you come to school by bus?

Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1A.

Extra support
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want

to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at
this point.

13

© Copyright Oxford University Press

1A b Put Sts in pairs, A and B, and tell them to go to
Communication What’s his name? How do you
b Tell Sts to go to the Sound Bank on page166. If your spell it?, A on page100, B on page106.
Sts didn’t use American English File 1, explain that this Go through the instructions with them, and focus on
is a reference section of the book, where they can check the example questions in the speech bubbles. Tell Sts to
the symbols and see common sound−spelling patterns. ask these questions for each of their six people (using
Look at the spelling rules for the seven sounds. Model first name or last name depending on what the blank is)
and drill the example words for the vowels and elicit / and write the answers in the spaces. Now go through
explain their meaning. the Asking for repetition box.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1A. Sit A and B face-to-face. A asks his / her questions to B
and writes the first name or last name.
c Now focus on the letters in the list, but don’t elicit their B now asks A his / her questions.
pronunciation yet. Tell Sts, in pairs, to write the letters When they have finished, get them to compare books
in the right circle according to their sound. to check their answers.

d 1 6    Play the audio for Sts to listen and check. Then Extra support
play it again for them to listen and repeat. • Before Sts start the activity, elicit the question you

1 6  would ask for a woman What’s her first name? Then
trainAHJKphoneO explain / elicit the difference between first name and
treeBCDEGPTVZ bootQUW last name. Some Sts might be more familiar with the
eggFLMNSXcarR term family name.
bikeIY Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1A.
c In pairs, get Sts to say the numbers in the list.
Ask Sts which letters are difficult for them. Highlight Check answers by eliciting the numbers from different
the difference between pairs and groups of letters that Sts. Remind Sts of the difference between thirTEEN /
are often confused, e.g., a / e / i, g / j, k / q, etc. THIRty, fourTEEN / FORty, etc. Remind them also:
In pairs, Sts practice saying the letters in each circle. – of the use of the hyphen, e.g., twenty-one
e Focus on the questions, all of which include words – of the use of and, e.g., a hundred and twenty
that use letters of the alphabet, e.g., email, iPod, etc. – that you can say a hundred or one hundred
Elicit from the class how to say the questions, and the – t hat you don’t put an s on hundred or thousand, e.g.,
meaning of to get in touch with somebody. two hundred, three thousand
Get Sts to ask you the questions. Then in pairs, Sts ask
and answer the questions. 13 = thirteen
Get some feedback from various pairs. 30 = thirty
76 = seventy-six
4 SPELLING & NUMBERS 100 = one hundred / a hundred
150 = a hundred and fifty
a 1 7    Focus on the instructions. Tell Sts they are 375 = three hundred and seventy-five
going to listen to six people spelling their names and 600 = six hundred
they must write them down. Elicit the question you ask 1,500 = one thousand five hundred
someone when you don’t know how to spell something 2,000 = two thousand
(How do you spell it?) and write it on the board. 10,500 = ten thousand five hundred
Play the audio for Sts to listen and write the names.
Play again if necessary. Extra support
Check answers by getting Sts to spell the names and • Count to 30 around the class. Write random numbers
write them on the board.
between 20 and 1,000 on the board for Sts to say.
1 7  d 1 8    Tell Sts they are going to listen to five situations
1 “What’s your name?” “George.” “How do you spell it?”
and must write down the five numbers they hear. You
“G-E-O-R-G-E.” could warn them that one of them is a phone number.
2 “What’s your name?” “Celia.” “That’s a pretty name. How do
Play the audio, pausing after each number to give Sts
you spell it?” “C-E-L-I-A.” time to write it down.
3 “What’s your name?” “Wayne Roberts.” “How do you spell
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
your first name?” “W-A-Y-N-E.” checkanswers.
4 “What’s your name?” “Katie.” “Is that K-A-T-Y?” “No, it’s

K-A-T-I-E.”
5 “What’s your name?” “Hannah.” “Sorry, Hannah or Anna?”

“Hannah, with an H; H-A-N-N-A-H.”
6 “What’s your name?” “Christopher.” “How do you spell it?”

“C-H-R-I-S-T-O-P-H-E-R.”

1 Gate 40 3 Tel: 212-555-8847 5 $6.15
2  244 miles 4  Population: 2,500

14

© Copyright Oxford University Press

1A

1 8 
1 Passengers on the Jet Blue flight to San Diego please go to

gate number 40, where this flight is ready to board.
2AHow far is it from New York City to Boston?
BI’m not sure. Let’s Google it. Ah, it says here 244 miles.
3AHello.
BIt’s Ben. I’m at the train station. Do you have Maria's cell

phone number?
AYes, just a minute.
BOK.
AIt’s 212-555-8847.
B212-555-8847?
AThat’s right.
4AWhere do you live in Florida?
BI live in a town near Miami.
AHow big is it?
BIt’s small. The population is only about 2,500 people.
5ACan I have two sodas and a bottle of water, please?
BTwo sodas?
AYes, and a bottle of water. How much is that?
BSix dollars and fifteen cents.
ASorry? Fifty or fifteen?
BFifteen. Six dollars and fifteen cents.

e Focus on the instructions and the form.
Put Sts in pairs and get them to interview each other.
If Sts do not want to give their real address and phone
number, tell them to invent one. Remind Sts that when
we say phone numbers in English, we say the individual
digits, and that 0 can be oh or zero. You might also want
to check that Sts know how to say an email address,
e.g.,that @ = at and . = dot.
When they have finished, get Sts to show each other
their forms to check the information.
Get some feedback.

15

© Copyright Oxford University Press

G simple present
V describing people: appearance and personality
P final -s / -es

1B Charlotte’s choice

Lesson plan b Play the audio again. This time Sts must listen for the
two questions asked by the friend and Luke’s response
In this lesson, the simple present (all forms) is reviewed in to the second question.
detail through a magazine article, Who knows you better?
A family member and a friend both try to choose a good Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
match partner for Charlotte, a single woman. The lesson checkanswers.
begins with vocabulary. Basic language for physical
description is reviewed, and in the Vocabulary Bank new The two questions are: What does she look like? What’s
language is presented, and adjectives of personality are shelike?
introduced. Sts then read the article about Charlotte, Luke answers “She’s really nice.”
and focus on the grammar of the simple present. They
then listen to Charlotte describing her two dates. This is Now go through the What does she look like? What is
followed by a pronunciation focus on the 3rd person -s she like? box with the class.
ending, and the lesson ends with Sts describing a member c Tell Sts to go to Vocabulary Bank Describing people
of their family in detail and writing a short description. on page150. Focus on 1 Appearance and get Sts to do
a individually or in pairs.
STUDY  LINK  1 10    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to check
• Workbook 1B answers. Make sure Sts understand the individual
words in the descriptions, and give further practice
Extra photocopiable activities of any words your Sts find difficult to pronounce,
e.g., beard, height, etc.
• Grammar  Simple present page163
• Communicative  Ask me a question page210 (instructions 1 10 
Appearance
page198) 2 She has curly red hair.
• Vocabulary  Describing people page248 (instructions on 3 She has long straight hair.
1 She has big blue eyes.
page245) 6 She has dark wavy hair.
• Song  Ugly page268 (instructions page263) 5 He has a beard and a mustache.
4 He’s bald.
Optional lead-in (books closed) 7 He’s very tall and thin.
9 He’s short and a little overweight.
• Write on the board: 8 He’s medium height and slim.

direct family mother

other relatives grandmother Now go through the information box with the class
about thin or slim? fat or overweight? and Using two
husband / wife’s family mother-in-law adjectives together.
You might also want to elicit from Sts different typical
• Put Sts in pairs. Give them a minute to add more words colors for hair, e.g., brunette, blond, red, gray, light / dark
to each category. Get feedback and write the words on brown, black, white.
the board. Focus on 2 Personality and get Sts to do a individually
or in pairs.
• Remind Sts of the pronunciation of difficult words Check the answers to a before moving on to b.
likedaughter.

1VOCABULARY  describing people 2talkative 4 kind 6 funny 8shy
3generous 5lazy 7 smar t
a 1 9    Books open. Focus on the instructions and the
three pictures. Tell Sts they are going to listen to Luke, Now Sts do b by putting the adjectives from the list
who is describing his girlfriend. Play the audio for Sts into the Opposite column in a.
to listen and choose the best picture. 1 11    Now do c. Play the audio for Sts to check
Check answers, eliciting the words and phrases that answers. Play again pausing for Sts to repeat the
helped Sts to identify the girl, e.g., short dark hair. words. Give further practice of any words your Sts find
Elicit/ teach the meaning of curly. difficult to pronounce.

Picture 1

1 9 
F = friend, L = Luke
F Tell me about Molly. What does she look like?
L She’s tall and she has short dark hair. It’s very curly. And

she has brown eyes and a beautiful smile.
F And what’s she like?
L She’s really nice – very friendly and extroverted. She has

alot of friends. I’m sure you’re going to like her.

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1 11  5 lazy, hardworking 1B
Personality 6 funny, serious
1 friendly, unfriendly 7 smart, stupid 1 She likes going to the movies and reading.
2 talkative, quiet 8 shy, extroverted 2 She’s friendly, sociable, and has a good sense of humor.
3 generous, cheap 3 She likes interesting men who can make her laugh. She
4 kind, unkind
likes men who are taller than her and have a nice
You might want to teach Sts silly as a softer version smile. She likes men who are into literature, art, and
ofstupid. classical music.
Focus on the nice; funny or fun? box and go through it She doesn’t like men with beards.
with the class. 4 She doesn’t know who is going to choose better. Katie
Finally, for d, put Sts in pairs and get them to ask and might choose a man who is physically right for her, but
answer questions about a member of their family and a Charlotte’s mother has known her for longer.
good friend. Get some feedback from the class.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1B. Extra idea

Extra support • Get Sts to close their books and write the four
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want to questions on the board.

give them the Vocabulary photocopiable activity at 3GRAMMAR  simple present
this point.
a Focus on the instructions. Give Sts a few minutes to fill
in the blanks.

Check answers.

1doesn’t 3does 5don’t
2goes 4do

2READING b Put Sts in pairs and tell them to answer the
threequestions.
a Do this as an open-class question and elicit Sts’ opinions. Check answers.
Tell them what you think, too.
1 You add the letter s.
b Focus on the magazine article and the photo. Ask Sts 2 watches / studies / goes / has
What does Charlotte look like?, etc. to review physical 3 a  Do, don’t b  Does, doesn’t
descriptions.
c 1 12  1 13    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 1B on
Give Sts a minute to read the introduction and first page126. Focus on the example sentences and play the
paragraph and answer questions 1–4 in pairs. audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to copy
the rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class.
Check answers. Remind Sts of the ’s in 3 Alice is
Charlotte’s mother. Additional grammar notes
Simple present
1 Single people ask their mother and best friend to find • Remind Sts:
them a partner.
–  of the difference in pronunciation between
2 Charlotte is a single, 25-year-old web designer, who is do/du/, don’t /doʊnt/, and does /dʌz/.
looking for a partner.
–  of the pronunciation of goes /goʊz/ and has /hæz/.
3 Alice is Charlotte’s mother, and Katie is Charlotte’s –  that the contracted forms don’t and doesn’t are
bestfriend.
always used in conversation.
4 Alice and Katie have to choose a man for Charlotte.
Then Charlotte goes on a date with each man. Adverbs and expressions of frequency
• You may want to point out that usually / normally
c Focus on the rest of the article (what Charlotte says).
Remind Sts of the importance of guessing words from and sometimes can also be used at the beginning of
context when they are reading. a simple present sentence, e.g., Sometimes I get up
late on Saturdays.
Tell Sts to read what she says, and as they read, try
to guess the meaning of the highlighted words and • Other common every expressions of frequency are
phrases. Set a time limit. every week, every month, every year.

Then get Sts to compare their guesses with a partner. • In expressions like once a month, twice a day, etc.
remind Sts that once and twice are irregular (NOT
Check answers, by miming or translating into Sts’ one time, two times). “Times” is used with all other
L1if you prefer. Alternatively, Sts could check in numbers, e.g., ten times, thirty times (a year).
theirdictionaries.
Focus on the exercises for 1B on page127. Sts do the
Explain any other new vocabulary. exercises individually or in pairs.

d Put Sts in pairs. Get them to cover the text and answer Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences.
the four questions.

Check answers, eliciting as much information
aspossible.

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

1B Extra support
• Read through the audioscripts and decide if you need
a 1 Does Anna like music?
2 My sister has a lot of hobbies. to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen.
3 I don’t get along very well with my parents.
4 My brother studies at school. She really liked him, but physically he wasn’t her type –
5 My neighbors don’t have any children. there wasn’t any chemistry between them.
6 When does the movie start? Yes, as a friend, to go to a concert or the theater.
7 He goes out twice a week.
8 We don’t often talk about politics. 1 14 
9 How often do you email your brother? (audioscript in Student Book on page118)
My first impression of Alexander was that he was much older
10 I don’t go on Facebook very often. than me. In fact, he was 32, but I thought he was older. But
when we started talking, I really liked him. He was extroverted
b 1 I always go to bed before 11:00. and funny, and he had a very good sense of humor. He works
2 Kate hardly ever sees her family. for a TV station, and he told me a lot of good stories about
3 We never go shopping on Saturday. his work. He was also interested in the same things as me—
4 I go to the dentist twice a year. art and music, and we talked a lot about that. Physically he
5 They sometimes have breakfast in the yard. / wasn’t really my type. It’s hard to say why. He was tall and
dark and very good-looking, and he had a nice smile, but there
Sometimes they have breakfast in the yard. just wasn’t any chemistry between us. I could imagine going
6 We usually listen to the radio in the morning. to a concert or the theater with him, but as a friend. Sorry
7 Alan runs in the park every day. Mom, but no.
8 I never drink coffee after 4:00.
9 John doesn’t often go to the movies. b Play the audio again for Sts to write down adjectives or
expressions that Charlotte uses to describe Alexander’s
10 I visit my mom once a month. appearance and personality.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1B. checkanswers.

Extra support Appearance: tall, dark, very good-looking, nice smile
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want Personality: extroverted, funny, a very good sense of humor

to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at c 1 15    Sts now listen to Charlotte talking about
this point. when she met Oliver for the first time. Focus on the
two questions in a. Play the audio once the whole
d Get Sts to cover the text or close their books. Put them waythrough.
in pairs. Give them a minute to write down as many Get Sts to compare with a partner, and play the audio
things as they can remember about the men Charlotte again if necessary.
likes and doesn’t like. Check answers.

Check answers and then let Sts look back at the text. She thought he was attractive (more than Alexander),
friendly, and generous.
e Focus on the photos of Alexander and Oliver. Elicit No, because he smokes.
some adjectives to describe them.
1 15 
Put Sts in pairs, A and B, and get them to sit face-to- (audioscript in Student Book on page118)
face if possible. Tell them to go to Communication When I first saw Oliver I thought he looked warm and friendly,
Alexander and Oliver, A on page100, B on page106. and more attractive than Alexander. He was tall with short,
blond hair and he had amazing blue eyes, kind of like the
Go through the instructions carefully with them and actor Ryan Gosling. He was kind of shy and quiet at first, but
make sure they know what they have to do. when we started talking he relaxed, and we found we had a
lot of things in common – we both like books and movies. He
Extra support was generous, too – he wanted to pay for everything. I really
• Elicit the questions from the class first. enjoyed the evening. When it was time to go, he asked for my
phone number and said he wanted to meet again.
A asks his / her questions to B about Oliver.
We walked out of the restaurant and went to look for a
B then asks A his / her questions about Alexander. taxi. And then something happened, and I knew that it was
impossible for me to go out with him. He said “Finally!” and
When they have finished, get them to compare books took out a pack of cigarettes. That was it. I could never have
to check their answers. a boyfriend who was a smoker. I think maybe for my next
date I’m going to choose the man myself. I don’t think another
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1B. person can really choose a partner for you.

f Do this as an open-class question and elicit Sts’ opinions. Extra idea
Tell them what you think, too. • When you play the audio the first time, pause after

4LISTENING “And then something happened, and I knew that it
was impossible for me to go out with him.” Ask Sts
a 1 14    Tell Sts they are going to listen to Charlotte what they think happened. Then play the rest of the
talking about when she met Alexander for the first audio to see if they predicted correctly.
time. Focus on the two questions. You could write
the two questions on the board and get Sts to close
theirbooks.

Play the audio once the whole way through.

Get Sts to compare with a partner, and play the audio
again if necessary.

Check answers.

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Now play the audio again for Sts to write down 1B
adjectives or expressions that Charlotte uses to
describe Oliver’s appearance and personality. Focus on the sound pictures. Elicit and drill the words
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then and sounds: snake /s/, zebra /z/, and /ɪz/.
checkanswers. !  Sts may have problems distinguishing between the
/s/ and /z/ sounds. Tell them that the /s/ is like the sound
Appearance: attractive, tall, short blond hair, amazing made by a snake, and the /z/ is a bee or fly.
blueeyes Play the audio once for Sts just to listen.

Personality: warm, friendly, kind of shy, quiet, generous 1 16 
See sentences in Student Book on page7
Extra support
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again Then play it again, pausing for Sts to listen and repeat.
Now go through the Pronunciation of the final -s / -es
to both parts of the audio with the audioscripts box with the class.
on page118, so they can see exactly what they b 1 17    Write the three phonetic symbols /s/, /z/, and
understood / didn’t understand. Translate / explain /ɪz/ on the board. Elicit the third person pronunciation
any new words or phrases. of the first verb in the list (chooses) and ask Sts which
d Do this as an open-class discussion and elicit that group it belongs to (group 3). Write it on the board
Charlotte is going to choose her next date herself. under the correct heading. Get Sts to continue with the
Then ask for Sts’ opinions. Tell them what you other verbs.
think too. Then tell them to do the same thing with the plural
You may want to tell Sts that the text and listening were form of the nouns.
based on a real magazine experiment. Several single Play the audio once the whole way through for Sts to
people took part in the experiment, and in 75 percent listen and check their answers.
of the cases, the family member chose best.
/s/ /z/ /ɪz/
5PRONUNCIATION  final -s / -es verbs:cooksgoes chooses

Pronunciation notes stopslives teaches
• The pronunciation rules for adding an -s (or -es)
/s/ /z/ /ɪz/
toverbs (e.g., smokes) and nouns (e.g., books) are nouns:dates boys classes
thesame.
• The difference between the /s/ and /z/ sounds is very parentsfriends languages
small and only occasionally causes communication
problems. The most important thing is for Sts to 1 17 
learn when to pronounce -es as /ɪz/. chooses, cooks, goes, lives, stops, teaches, boys, classes,
• You may want to give Sts these rules: dates, friends, languages, parents
–  the final s is pronounced /ɪz/ in verbs and nouns
Highlight that the most important thing to get right
that end in /tʃ/ (churches), /s/ (dresses), /ʃ/(washes), is that lives and dates are pronounced /lɪvz/ and /deɪts/,
and /dʒ/ (bridges). NOT /lɪvɪz/ and /deɪtɪz/, but that in chooses, teaches,
–  the s is pronounced /s/ after the unvoiced* languages, and classes, the -es is pronounced /ɪz/.
sounds /k/, /p/, /f/, and /t/, e.g., walks, stops, Now play the audio, pausing after each word and sound
laughs,eats. for Sts to repeat.
–  in all other cases, the final s is voiced and Then repeat the activity, eliciting responses from
pronounced /z/, e.g.,plays, parties, etc. individual Sts.
* Voiced and unvoiced consonants
6 SPEAKING & WRITING
• Voiced consonant sounds are made in the throat
by vibrating the vocal chords, e.g., /b/, /l/, /m/, /v/, a Give Sts five minutes to make a few notes about a
etc. Unvoiced consonant sounds are made in the person they know well who is single and looking for a
mouth without vibration in the vocal chords, partner. Monitor and help with vocabulary.
e.g., /k/, /p/, /t/, /s/, etc.
Extra support
• You can demonstrate this to Sts by getting them • Tell Sts to make notes about their person in the form.
to hold their hands against their throats. For b Put Sts in pairs, A and B. Remind Sts of the meaning
voiced sounds, they should feel a vibration in of compatible and tell them to think of people who are
their throat, but not for unvoiced sounds. possibilities for each other, e.g., if A has thought of a
man, B should try to think of a woman.
a 1 16    Explain that the final -s in the third person of A describes his / her person and B listens and asks for
the simple present and in plurals can be pronounced in more information.
three different ways. Sts change roles and B describes his / her person to A.
Are the two people compatible?

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1B 7 1 18   SONG Ugly

c This is the first time Sts are sent to the Writing at the This song was originally made famous by the
back of the Student Book. In this section, Sts will find Sugababes in 2005. For copyright reasons, this is a
model texts with exercises and language notes, and cover version. If you want to do this song in class, use
then a writing task. We suggest that you go through the photocopiable activity on page268.
the model and do the exercise(s) in class, but assign the
actual writing (the last activity) as homework. 1 18 
Tell Sts to go to Writing Describing a person on Ugly
page111. When I was seven they said I was strange
Focus on a and get Sts to read Charlie’s email and I noticed that my eyes and hair weren’t the same.
correct the ten mistakes. I asked my parents if I was OK
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then check They said you’re more beautiful and that’s the way
answers. They show that they wish that they had your smile
So my confidence was up for a while,
1 I am 21 years old. 6 can be I got real comfortable with my own style
2studying 7don’t I knew that they were only jealous ’cause
3photo 8much Chorus
4brown 9 because People are all the same
5friends 10English And we only get judged by what we do
Personality reflects name
Now do b and tell Sts to read the email again and then And if I’m ugly then so are you, so are you
to cover it and answer questions 1–7. There was a time when I felt like I cared
That I was shorter than everyone there
Check answers. People made me feel like life was unfair
And I did things that made me ashamed
1 He’s from Mexico City. ’Cause I didn’t know my body would change
2Carlos. I grew taller than them in more ways
3 His parents and his dog. But there will always be the one who will say
4 He’s in college. / He’s a student. Something bad to make them feel great.
5 He has black hair and brown eyes. Chorus (x2)
6 He’s positive and funny. Everybody talks bad about somebody and
7 Watching TV and playing computer games. Never realizes how it affects somebody and
You bet it won’t be forgotten
Now focus on the chart in c and get Sts to write their Envy is the only thing it could be
own emails on a piece of paper. Chorus (x2)

In d, Sts check their work for mistakes before
turning it in.

Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1B.

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G present continuous
V clothes, prepositions of place
P /ə/ and /ər/

1C Mr. and Mrs. Clark and Percy

Lesson plan 1 19  Footwear Jewelry
Things you wear 18boots 30bracelet
In this lesson, Sts learn vocabulary for clothes and review Clothes 19flip-flops 29 earrings
prepositions of place and the present continuous in the 12 cardigan 16sandals 32necklace
context of a famous painting by David Hockney, which 3coat 17shoes 31ring
has an interesting story behind it. The lesson begins 2dress 15sneakers
with clothes vocabulary, and a pronunciation focus on 9jacket Accessories
two common vowel sounds: /ə/ and /ər/. Focusing on the 5jeans 21belt
painting then leads them to the Grammar Bank, where 11 pants 25cap
they look at using the present continuous for things that 8shirt 23gloves
are happening now, around now, and for describing 1shorts 27hat
what is happening in a picture. The present continuous 6skirt 26leggings
is also contrasted with the simple present for habitual or 7suit 24scarf
permanent actions. Sts then have a listening activity where 14sweater 28socks
they hear about the story behind the painting. They then 4top 22tie
review prepositions of place, and all the language of the 13T-shirt 20tights
lesson is pulled together in a final speaking activity, where 10 warm-up suit
Sts describe paintings to each other.

STUDY  LINK  Highlight that plural clothes cannot be used with a, e.g.,
• Workbook 1C NOT a pants. If Sts want to use an indefinite article, they
• Online Practice should use some, e.g., I bought some pants / some shoes.
• iChecker
Extra challenge
• You could also teach a pair of, which is often used

with plural clothes words.

Extra photocopiable activities Focus on c. Give Sts a minute to cover the words and
test themselves or each other.
• Grammar  Simple present or present continuous? page164 Finally, go through the wear, carry, or dress? box with
• Communicative  At an art gallery page211 (instructions the class.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1C.
page198) Extra support
• Vocabulary  Things to wear page249 (instructions page245) • If you think Sts need more practice, you may want to

Optional lead-in (books closed) give them the Vocabulary photocopiable activity at
• Write the word clothes on the board (or play Hangman this point.

with it). Then ask Sts how to pronounce it (/kloʊðz/) and 2PRONUNCIATION  /ə/ and /ər/
if it is singular or plural (plural). Explain that there is
no singular form, and that if they want to talk about an Pronunciation notes
item of clothing, they should refer to it by name, e.g., a • /ə/ is the most common sound in English.
sweater. Now draw a line before clothes on the board, • You may want to point out to Sts that /ə/ can be
e.g., clothes, and ask Sts what verbs they can
use with clothes. They should be able to produce wear, spelled by any vowel. It always occurs in unstressed
buy, try on, and possibly put on and take off. syllables (never stressed ones).
• -er at the end of a word is always pronounced
1VOCABULARY clothes /ər/, e.g., teacher, better, etc.
a 1 20    Tell Sts to listen to the words in the two groups.
a Books open. Focus on the picture of the models and ask Play the audio once for Sts just to listen.
Sts to match the items of clothing and the words.

Check answers.

1top 3skirt 5boots
2shirt 4pants 6shoes

b Tell Sts to go to Vocabulary Bank Things you 1 20 
wear on page151. Focus on the four sections (clothes, See words in Student Book on page8
footwear, accessories, and jewelry) and make sure Sts
know what they mean and how to pronounce them. Then play it again, pausing after each word for Sts
torepeat.
Now get Sts to do a individually or in pairs. Finally, repeat the activity, eliciting responses from
1 19    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to check individual Sts.

answers. Play it again, pausing after each word for Sts
to repeat. Give further practice of words your Sts find
difficult to pronounce.

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

1C Additional grammar notes
• Some languages do not have an equivalent to
b Put Sts in pairs. Give them a few minutes to decide if
the highlighted sounds belong to 1 or 2 in a. the present continuous and may always use the
simple present. Typical mistake: The man in the
c 1 21    Play the audio for Sts to check their answers. picture wears a hat. We live with friends right now
because builders work on our house.
1 /ə/ chemistry, arrive, imagine, attractive, instrument,
problem • The present continuous is used to describe what is
happening in a painting because it is as if we were
2 /ər/ actor, first, painter, third, world, prefer looking at a scene through a window.

Play the audio again, stopping after each word or group • The future use of the present continuous
for Sts to repeat. (I’mleaving tomorrow.) is presented in 3B.
d Tell Sts to go to the Sound Bank on page166. Go
through the spellings for /ə/ and /ər/. Focus on the exercises for 1C on page127. Sts do the
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1C. exercises individually or in pairs.
e Put Sts in pairs and get them to answer the questions.
Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences.
Get some feedback from the class.
a 1 John is wearing a shirt today!
3GRAMMAR  present continuous 2 It’s hot. Why are you wearing a coat?
3 Anna isn’t sitting next to Jane today.
a Focus on the painting on page9 by David Hockney and 4 Hey! You’re standing on my foot!
ask Sts if they like it. 5 What book are you reading?
6 We are thinking of you right now.
Give Sts a few minutes to answer the questions in 7 Is she wearing makeup?
pairs, either orally or in writing. 8 They are making a big mistake.
9 Is your mother shopping at the mall?
Get feedback, accepting all reasonable suggestions.
10 She isn’t living with her parents right now.
1 The woman has curly blond hair and she is medium
height. The man has long dark hair and is slim. b 1 doesn’t bite
2 are … wearing, ’s raining
2 The woman is wearing a long black and red dress. The 3 ’m not listening
man is wearing a shirt, a blue sweater, and pants. He 4 need, don’t have
isn’t wearing shoes. 5 ’s putting
6 Do … cook, eat
3 The woman is standing by the window. The man is 7 are … doing, ’m waiting
sitting on a chair, and a white cat is sitting on his knee. 8want
They are looking at the painter. 9works

b Focus on the sentences and give Sts a minute to choose 10 live, ’re staying
the right form and discuss in pairs why the other
iswrong. Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1C.

Check answers. Extra support
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want
1 isn’t wearing (because we are describing a painting and
saying what is happening at that moment) to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at
this point.
2 wear (because it’s something that happens habitually /
frequently) d Tell Sts to look at the pictures on page4, and to answer
the two questions.
3 is sitting (because we are saying what is happening at
the moment, now) Extra support
• Give Sts some time to write three sentences about
4 sits (because it’s something that habitually happens)
each picture.
c 1 22  1 23    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 1C
on page126. Focus on the example sentences and play Get some feedback from the class.
the audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them
tocopy the rhythm. Then go through the rules with On the left there’s a man. He’s wearing a suit, and he’s
the class. carrying a brief case. He’s running. In front of him there’s
a woman. She’s wearing a pink dress and a scarf. She’s
walking, etc.

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

4LISTENING 1C

a 1 24    Tell Sts that they are going to find out more 1T
about the painting on page9. Focus on the title, and ask 2 T (They dressed a lot of the famous pop stars.)
them who they think Percy is (the cat). 3 F (He painted them in their bedroom.)
Play the audio once the whole way through. 4 F (The painting is very big.)
Ask Sts to tell you anything they can remember about 5 T (She was expecting a baby.)
the painting. 6 F (Hockney had problems painting his feet.)
Extra support 7 T (Usually in a painting, a married couple is close
• Read through the audioscript and decide if you need
to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen. together.)
8 F (It symbolizes the distance between them.)
1 24  9T
(audioscript in Student Book on page118) 10T
Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy is by artist David Hockney, and 11 F (She says it is wonderful, but not her favorite.)
it’s considered to be one of the greatest British paintings of 12 F (He died in 1996.)
the 20th century.
It was painted in 1971 and it’s a portrait of two of his friends, Extra support
Ossie Clark and his wife Celia, and their cat Percy. Ossie • Pause the audio after each paragraph to give Sts time
Clark and Celia were fashion designers, and they had a
very successful clothes store in London. In the 1960s, they to take in the information.
dressed a lot of the famous pop stars of the time including
The Rolling Stones and Eric Clapton. Extra support
Hockney painted Ossie and Celia a few months after they • If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with
got married in their apartment at Notting Hill in London. He
painted them in their bedroom because he liked the light the audioscript on page118, so they can see exactly
there, and on the wall on the left of the window you can see what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate /
one of his own paintings. explain any new words or phrases.
Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy is a very big painting, approximately
9 feet, 10 inches wide and 6 feet, 7 inches high. The couple is Finally, tell Sts that in 2005, this painting was voted
wearing typical clothes of the late 1960s. Celia is wearing a one of the top ten greatest paintings in Britain, the only
long dress, and in fact, she was expecting a baby at that time. one in the top ten by a living artist.
Her husband isn’t wearing any shoes, and he’s putting his feet
into the rug. This was because Hockney had a lot of problems 5VOCABULARY  prepositions of place
painting his feet. He just couldn’t get them right. Hockney said
that his aim with this painting was to paint the relationship a Tell Sts that when you are describing a picture, it’s
between the two people. Traditionally, when a painter paints important to use the right prepositions to say where
a married couple the woman is sitting down and the man is things are. Focus on the prepositions and phrases in
standing up. In this painting, the man is sitting and the woman the list and give Sts a few minutes to fill in the blanks.
is standing. Usually in a painting, the married couple is close
together, but in this painting they are separated by a big Get Sts to compare with a partner.
open window, which symbolizes the distance between them.
The white cat, sitting on Mr. Clark, is a symbol of infidelity. Extra support
It seems that Hockney didn’t think that their marriage was • If Sts don’t remember the prepositions very well, you
going to be very happy, and in fact, the couple got divorced
four years later. could spend a little more time recycling them using
Celia often posed as a model for Hockney, but she says things in the classroom, e.g., Where’s the TV? It’s on a
that this painting, his most famous picture of her, is not her shelf behind the table, etc.
favorite. She said “It’s a wonderful painting, but it makes me b 1 25    Play the audio for Sts to listen and
look too heavy.” checkanswers.
In 1996, 25 years after this picture was painted, Ossie Clark
died. He was murdered by his lover in his Kensington apartment. Check answers.

b Give Sts a few minutes to read sentences 1–12. See prepositions in bold in audioscript 1.25
Play the audio once the whole way through for Sts to
mark the sentences T (true) or F (false). 1 25 
Then play it again, pausing if necessary, for Sts to 1 There are two people in the room.
makenotes. 2 The woman is standing on the left, and the man is sitting
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then check
answers, making sure (where relevant) Sts say why an on the right.
answer is true or false. 3 In the middle of the painting, between the man and the

woman, there’s an open window.
4 A white cat is sitting on the man.
5 There’s a rug under the man’s chair.
6 There’s a telephone on the floor behind the man’s chair.
7 Next to the telephone there’s a lamp.
8 In front of the woman there’s a table, and a vase with

flowers in it.

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1C

Now put Sts in pairs. Get them to cover the sentences
in a and to describe the painting, saying where the
things and people are.
Get some feedback from the class.
Extra idea
• Write the following on the board as prompts for Sts

to say where they are:
the cat, mrs. clark, the carpet,
thetelephone, the lamp, the table,
the vase, the flowers

6SPEAKING

a Focus on the Describing a picture box and go
through it with the class.
Put Sts in pairs, A and B, and get them to sit
face-to-face if possible. Then tell them to go to
Communication Describe and draw, A on page100,
Bon page106.
Go through the instructions with them carefully and
make sure Sts are clear about what they have to do.
Stress that they have to sketch the figures, objects, etc.
according to their partner’s description.
Give Sts a few minutes to look at their paintings and
think about how they are going to describe them.
Remind them to use the present continuous to say what
the people are doing.
When Sts have finished, they can compare their
drawing with their partner’s painting to check that
they followed the instructions correctly.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 1C.
Extra idea
• You could do this activity using postcards of
paintings from an art gallery.

b Put Sts in groups of four to ask and answer the
questions. You could first answer the questions
yourself to give Sts more listening practice and to
model how they might answer.
Get feedback from a few groups.

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Function describing problems; asking for help
Language There’s a problem with… It isn’t working, I’m sorry to bother you, etc.

(Video) Kid's Box Starter Pupil's book Audio CDs Tests + Audio

Practical English

Episode 1  Hotel problems

Lesson plan Then play it again and get Sts to number them 1–6 in
the order in which Jenny mentions them.
This is the first in a series of six Practical English lessons Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then check
(one after each even-numbered File) that teach Sts answers.
functional language to help them “survive” in English in
travel and social situations. A1C5E2
There is a storyline based on two characters, Jenny Zielinski, B3D6F4
an American journalist who works in the New York City
office of a magazine called NewYork24seven, and Rob Walker, 1 26 
a British journalist who works in London for the same (script in Student Book on page118)
magazine, but who is now in New York City for a month. My name’s Jenny Zielinski. I live and work in New York. I’m the
If your Sts did American English File 1, they will already be assistant editor of a magazine called New York24seven.
familiar with the characters. If your Sts didn’t do American A few months ago, I visited our office in London to learn more
English File 1, you might want to point out that in the You about the company. I met the manager, Daniel O’Connor. I had
Say section of the lessons, they will be listening and then lots of meetings with him, of course. And a working dinner
repeating what the people say. If the speaker is Jenny, they on my birthday... But I spent more time with Rob Walker. He’s
will be listening to an American accent, but if it is Rob, they one of the writers on the London magazine. We had coffees
will hear a British accent. They do not need to copy accents together. We went sightseeing.
when they repeat phrases. The main focus of this lesson is I even helped Rob buy a shirt! He was fun to be with. I liked
on describing problems and asking for help. him a lot. I think he liked me, too. Rob isn’t the most punctual
These lessons can be used with Class DVD, iTools, or Class person in the world, but he is a great writer. We invited him to
Audio (audio only). work for the New York magazine for a month... and he agreed!
So now Rob’s coming to New York. I know he’s really excited
STUDY  LINK  about it. It’s going to be great to see him again.
• Workbook Hotel problems
c Focus on questions 1–7 and give Sts time to read them.
Testing Program CD-ROM Play the audio again, so Sts can listen a second time and
answer the questions.
• Quick Test 1 Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then check
• File 1 Test answers. Make sure Sts understand the meaning
of punctual. Model and drill the pronunciation
Optional lead-in (books closed) /‌ˈpʌŋktʃuəl/.
• If your Sts did American English File 1, elicit anything
1 She works for a magazine. / She is the assistant editor
they can remember about Rob and Jenny, and write it on of a magazine.
the board in columns under their names. Leave it on the
board, so when Sts do exercise c, they can see if Jenny 2 She went to London.
mentions any of the points on the board. 3 Rob is one of the writers for the magazine.
• If your Sts didn’t do American English File 1, introduce 4 They had coffees, went sightseeing, and went shopping.
this lesson by giving the information in the Lesson plan. 5 She likes him a lot. He was fun.
6 He isn’t very punctual.
1 VIDEO INTRODUCTION 7 He is going to be in New York for a month.

a Focus on the two photos at the top of the page and tell Extra support
Sts that the woman is Jenny and the man is Rob, and • If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with
that they are the main characters in these lessons.
Get Sts to describe them, using language that they the audioscript on page118, so they can see exactly
learned in 1B, e.g., Jenny is blond. She has long, straight what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate /
hair, etc. explain any new words or phrases.

b 1 26    Focus on the instructions and the six photos. 2 VIDEO CALLING RECEPTION
Make sure Sts understand the meaning of mention.
Give Sts a few minutes to think about which order to a 1 27    Focus on the photo and ask Sts Where is Rob?
put them in. (In his hotel room) What is he doing? (Making a
Now play the audio once the whole way through for Sts phone call).
just to listen. Now either tell Sts to close their books and write the
questions on the board, or get Sts to focus on the two
questions and cover the dialogue.

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PE1 B has his / her book closed. He / she should quickly
read the You Say phrases again before starting.
Play the audio once the whole way through and then Sts now role-play the dialogue. A starts. Monitor
check answers. andhelp.

Rob calls reception because he has some problems in Extra idea
hisroom. • Before Sts start the role-play, elicit some other things

1 27  1 28  they could have in a hotel room, e.g., a TV, a towel, a
Re = receptionist, R = Rob chair, etc., and write them on the board. Then elicit
ReHello, reception. some problems they might have with these things in
R Hello. This is room 613. (repeat) the room, e.g., The TV doesn’t work, there’s no towel,
ReHow can I help you? the chair is broken, etc.
R There’s a problem with the air-conditioning. (repeat) It isn’t f When Sts have finished, they should change roles.
You could get a few pairs to perform in front of
working, and it’s very hot in my room. (repeat) theclass.
ReI’m sorry, sir. I’ll send somebody up to look at it right now.
R Thank you. (repeat) 3 VIDEO JENNY AND ROB MEET AGAIN
***
ReGood evening, reception. a 1 29    Focus on the photo and ask Sts where they are
R Hello. I’m sorry to bother you again. This is room 613. and how Rob looks.

(repeat) Focus on the instructions and on sentences 1–7. Go
ReHow can I help you? through them with Sts and make sure they understand .
R I have a problem with the Wi-Fi. (repeat) I can’t get a signal.
Now play the audio once the whole way through,
(repeat) and get Sts to mark the sentences T (true) or F (false).
ReI’m sorry, sir. I’ll put you through to IT. Make it clear that they don’t need to correct the false
R Thanks. (repeat) sentences yet.

b Now focus on the dialogue in the chart. Ask Sts Who Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
says the You Hear sentences? and elicit that it is the checkanswers.
receptionist. Ask What nationality is he? (American)
Then ask Who says the You Say sentences? and elicit 1F 3T 5F 7F
that here it is Rob. These phrases will be useful for Sts 2F 4F 6T
if they have a problem in a hotel.
Give Sts a minute to read through the dialogue and 1 29 
think what the missing words might be. Then play the (audioscript in Student Book on page118)
audio again, and get Sts to fill in the blanks. Play again J = Jenny, R = Rob
if necessary. J So, here you are in New York at last.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then R Yeah, it’s great to be here. It’s really exciting.
checkanswers. J And how’s your hotel?
R It’s fine. My room is really… nice.
See words in bold in audioscript 1.27 J Do you have a good view from your room?
R I can see lots of other buildings.
You might want to model and drill the pronunciation J Tomorrow I’m going to show you around the office and
of Wi-Fi /ˈwaɪ faɪ/ and signal /ˈsɪgnəl/. Elicit / explain
what to put someone through means and that IT stands introduce you to the team. Barbara’s looking forward to
for Information Technology, so here the people meeting you… You remember, Barbara, my boss?
responsible for Wi-Fi. R Oh… yeah, sorry.
Go through the dialogue line by line with Sts, J And then you can start thinking about your blog and the
helping them with any words or expressions they column. Have you got any ideas yet, Rob? ... Rob?
don’t understand. R What? Sorry, Jenny.
c 1 28    Now focus on the You Say phrases and tell Sts J You must be really tired.
they’re going to hear the dialogue again. They should R Yes, I am a bit. What time is it now?
repeat the You Say phrases when they hear the beep. J It’s nine o’clock.
Encourage them to copy the rhythm and intonation. R Nine o’clock? That’s two o’clock in the morning for me.
Play the audio, pausing if necessary for Sts to repeat J Let’s finish our drinks. You need to go to bed.
the phrases. R I guess you’re right.
d Focus on the I’ll information box and go through it J So, I’ll see you in the office at eleven in the morning.
with the class. R At eleven?
Put Sts in pairs, A and B. A is the receptionist. Get Sts J Is that OK?
to read the dialogue aloud, and then change roles. R It’s perfect. Thanks, Jenny.
e Put Sts in pairs, A and B. Tell Sts to read their J There’s just one thing.
instructions, and help them to understand exactly what R What’s that?
they have to do. J Don’t be late.
A is the receptionist and has his / her book open. R By the way, it’s great to see you again.
He / she reads the You Hear part with the new J Yeah. It’s great to see you, too.
information. Elicit that he / she may need to change Sir
to Ma’am if B is a woman. b Play the audio again, so Sts can listen a second time and
correct the false sentences.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
checkanswers.

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PE1

1 Rob says the hotel is fine.
2 Jenny is going to show him around the office tomorrow.
4 Rob is tired.
5 It’s two in the morning for Rob.
7 Jenny thinks that Rob is going to be late.

Extra support
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with

the audioscript on page118, so they can see exactly
what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate /
explain any new words or phrases.

c Focus on the Social English phrases. In pairs, get Sts
to think about what the missing words could be.

Extra challenge
• Have Sts, in pairs, complete the phrases before

they listen.

d 1 30    Play the audio for Sts to listen and complete
the phrases.

Check answers.

1 30 

Jenny Here you are at last.
RobIt’s great to be here.
Jenny Do you have a good view?
JennyBarbara’s looking forward to meeting you.
Jenny You must be really tired.
Rob I guess you’re right.
Rob By the way…
JennyIt’s great to see you, too.

e Now play the audio again, pausing after each phrase for
Sts to listen and repeat.
If you know your Sts’ L1, you could get them to
translate the phrases. If not, get Sts to look at the
phrases again in context in the audioscript on page118.
Finally, focus on the Can you…? questions and ask Sts
if they feel confident that they can now do these things.

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G simple past: regular and irregular verbs
V vacations
P regular verbs: -ed endings

2A Right place, wrong person

Lesson plan Highlight the difference between go out (at night) =
leave your house, e.g., go to a restaurant, a club, etc. and
The simple past (regular and irregular verbs) is reviewed in go away (for the weekend) = leave your town, e.g., go to
detail in this lesson through the context of vacations, and the country, to another town, etc.
an article about vacations where things go wrong because
of not being with the right people. Sts begin by learning 1 31 
new vacation vocabulary, which is recycled through a short Phrases with go
questionnaire. They then do a split reading, and tell each 10 go abroad
other about the vacation in their article. This is followed by
a listening that gives the other side of the two stories. Sts 1 go away for the weekend
then thoroughly review the simple past of both regular and 6 go by bus / go by car / go by plane / go by train
irregular verbs. There is a pronunciation focus that reviews 2 go camping
-ed endings in regular verbs, and finally Sts interview each 4 go for a walk
other about their last vacation. 3 go on vacation
8 go out at night
STUDY  LINK  5 go sightseeing
• Workbook 2A 7 go skiing / go walking / go biking
9 go swimming / go sailing / go surfing
Extra photocopiable activities
Focus on c and get Sts to cover the phrases and look at
• Grammar  Simple past: regular and irregular page165 the pictures. They can test themselves or their partner.
• Communicative  Bingo page212 (instructions page199) Focus on 2 Other vacation activities and get Sts to
• Vocabulary  Vacations page250 (instructions page245) do a individually or in pairs.
1 32    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to check
Optional lead-in (books closed) answers. Give further practice of any phrases your Sts
• Write my last vacation on the board and tell Sts find difficult to pronounce.

they have two minutes to find out from you as much as 1 32 
possible about your last vacation. Elicit questions in the Other vacation activities
simple past, e.g., Where did you go? etc. stay in a hotel / stay at a campsite / stay with friends
take photos
1VOCABULARY vacations buy souvenirs
sunbathe on the beach
a Books open. Focus on the instructions and the have a good time
examples. Highlight that the verbs are in the -ing form spend money / spend time
because they are things you like doing. rent an apartment / rent a bicycle / rent skis
Give Sts a minute to write five things, and then get book flights / book hotels online
them to compare their list with a partner.
Elicit some of the verb phrases Sts have used and write Now focus on c. Get Sts to test themselves by covering
them on the board, e.g., swimming, going to restaurants, the verbs and remembering the phrases.
seeing new places, etc. Focus on 3 Adjectives. Elicit the meaning of the
Extra idea Whatwas the…like? questions. Then give Sts a minute
• Tell Sts to decide which activity on the board is their to match the questions and answers.
favorite and take a vote with a show of hands. 1 33    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to check
answers. Give further practice of any words or phrases
b Tell Sts to go to Vocabulary Bank Vacations on your Sts find difficult to pronounce.
page152. Focus on 1 Phrases with go and get Sts to
do a individually or in pairs. Some of these phrases 1 33 
should already be familiar to them. Adjectives
1 What was the weather like?
1 31    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to check answers.
Play it again, pausing after each phrase for Sts to It was warm. It was sunny.
repeat. Give further practice of words and phrases your It was very windy. It was foggy. It was cloudy.
Sts find difficult to pronounce. 2 What was the hotel like?
It was comfortable. It was luxurious.
It was basic. It was dirty. It was uncomfortable.
3 What was the town like?
It was beautiful. It was nice.
It was noisy. It was crowded.
4 What were the people like?
They were friendly. They were helpful.
They were unfriendly. They were unhelpful.
5 What was the food like?
It was delicious.
It was nothing special. It was disgusting.

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Finally, go through the General affirmative and 2A
negative adjectives box with the class.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2A. 3LISTENING
Extra support
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want to a 1 34    Now tell Sts they are going to listen to Mia
and Linda talking about the same vacations. Ask Who
give them the Vocabulary photocopiable activity at is Mia? to elicit Joe’s ex-girlfriend, and Who is Linda? to
this point. elicit Laura’s friend.
c In pairs, Sts interview each other using the vacation !  If you are not doing this listening in the same class as
questionnaire. Remind them to always ask for the reading, get Sts to read the text again quickly and
extrainformation. elicit what the problems were.
Get some feedback from various pairs.
Extra support Tell Sts that they will hear Mia first and they should
• You could get Sts to interview you first. Make sure just listen to find out if she agrees with Joe about the
they ask you Why? and then give as much information vacation. Play the audio once the whole way through
as you can. and check the answer.

2 READING & SPEAKING Extra support
• Read through the audioscripts and decide if you need
a Focus on the title of the lesson and the photos, and ask
Sts what they think the title means (that somebody to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen.
went to a nice place, but didn’t enjoy it because of the
person they were with). You could point out to Sts that Yes, Mia agrees with Joe about the vacation.
the stories are based on real people, although their
names have been changed. 1 34 
Put Sts in pairs, A and B. Focus on the text. Tell all the (audioscript in Student Book on page118)
As to read about Joe and the Bs about Laura. Remind Mia
them to try to guess new words from context as they It was a really terrible vacation. It was my fault, I mean I
read. They should all find the answers to questions 1–5 wanted to go to Thailand, but I knew before I went that I didn’t
and either underline them in the text or make notes. Set really want to have a serious relationship with Joe. And the
a time limit for Sts to read their part. vacation just showed how different we are. He irritated me
all the time. He wanted to stay in some really cheap hostels
b Tell Sts to stop reading and if possible, to sit face-to- because he thought the hotels were too expensive. I didn’t
face with their partner. They then tell each other about want five-star luxury, but when I go on vacation I want to be
the text they read, using the answers to questions 1–5 comfortable. The places where Joe wanted to stay were very
to help them remember the important details. basic and had very small rooms. There’s nothing worse than
being in a very small room with someone when you’re not
c Now get Sts to read the text they didn’t read earlier. getting along very well. Another thing I didn’t like was that
In pairs, they should try to guess the meaning of the Joe got very jealous. When you’re traveling, part of the fun is
highlighted words and phrases. talking to other travelers, but he hated it if I talked to other
Check answers, either explaining in English, people, especially othermen.
translating into Sts’ L1, or getting Sts to check in And then he kept taking photos! Hundreds of them. Every
theirdictionaries. time we saw a monument he said, “Go and stand over there
Explain any other new vocabulary. Model and drill the so I can take a photo.” I hate being in photos. I just wanted to
pronunciation of any tricky words. enjoy the sights. The vacation was all a big mistake. Never
Do the question as an open-class activity. go on vacation with a boyfriend if you’re not sure about the
relationship. It’s sure to be a disaster!
d Have Sts get into in pairs or small groups, to discuss
the question. Tell the class if you have ever had a b Now focus on the questions. Play the audio again and
vacation you didn’t enjoy. get Sts to answer the questions.
Finally, get some feedback and find out if any Sts have
ever been on vacation “in the right place, but with the Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
wrong person.” checkanswers.

1 She didn’t want to have a serious relationship with Joe.
2 She didn’t like them. She prefers more

comfortablehotels.
3 Mia liked talking to other travelers, but Joe was

veryjealous.
4 Joe took hundreds of photos. She didn’t like this, as she

hates being in photos.
5 Only go on vacation with a boyfriend if you are sure

about the relationship.

c 1 35    Now repeat the process for Linda by playing
the audio.

Elicit her opinion of the vacation.

Linda doesn’t agree that the vacation was a disaster.
Sheloved it.

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2A

1 35  c Put Sts in pairs. Tell them to find and underline two
(audioscript in Student Book on page118) negative simple past verbs. Give them a minute to
Linda remember how to make negatives and questions.
Oh, it was a wonderful vacation. I loved every minute! Costa Check answers.
Rica is just a paradise. We did everything – we went on a zipline
tour, we did all kinds of fun nature activities, and we had some Joe’s text: didn’t show Laura’s text: didn’t want
amazing meals. And you know, everyone says that Costa Rica
is expensive, but I didn’t think it was – it wasn’t an expensive normal verbs:
vacation at all. I thought it was pretty reasonable. We all got – = didn’t + base form, e.g., I didn’t show them, I didn’t want it.
along very well. I think I’m going to suggest to Isabelle and
Laura that we go on vacation together again next year… ? = Did (you, etc.) + base form?, e.g., Did you go…?

Focus on the questions. Play the audio and get Sts to was / were:
answer the questions. – = wasn’t or weren’t, e.g., It wasn’t cold.

Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then ? = Were (you, etc.)?, Was (he, etc.)?, e.g., Was it nice?
checkanswers.
could:
1 Costa Rica is paradise and not expensive. – = couldn’t, e.g., We couldn’t stay very long.
2 They went on a zipline tour, did some fun nature
? = Could (I, you, etc.)?, e.g., Could you swim there?
activities, and had amazing food.
3 It wasn’t expensive. d 1 36    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 2A on
4 She wants to go somewhere with Isabelle and Laura. page128. Focus on the example sentences and play the
audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to copy
Extra support the rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class.
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again
Additional grammar notes
to both parts of the audio with the audioscripts • You may also want to remind Sts:
on page118, so they can see exactly what they
understood / didn’t understand. Translate / explain –  that irregular forms (went, had, etc.) are only
any new words or phrases. used in + sentences.
d Make sure Sts understand sympathize and ask them
to discuss the questions in small groups or as an open –  that the vast majority of verbs are regular.
class. You could finish by telling them what you think. The irregular verbs need to be learned, but Sts
already know the most common ones.
Get some feedback from the class.
• Tell Sts to go to Irregular verbs on page164 and
4GRAMMAR  simple past: regular explain that this is their reference list. Get Sts to go
through the list quickly in pairs, checking that they
and irregular verbs know what the verbs mean. Encourage them to
a Focus on the verbs and tell Sts they are a mixture of highlight verbs they didn’t know or had forgotten
the past form of. Let Sts test each other or test
regular and irregular verbs. Make sure Sts know what around the class. You could use audio 5.29 to drill
they mean, but don’t spend too much time on the the pronunciation of the irregular verbs.
pronunciation, as Sts will be focusing on this later.
Elicit the simple past of the first one (went) and then Focus on the exercises for 2A on page129. Sts do the
give Sts a minute to do the others in pairs. Encourage exercises individually or in pairs.
Sts to do as many as they can without looking back at Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences.
the text, and then they check their answers in Joe’s text.
a 1 drove 6were 11 went 16wasn’t
Check answers as a class.
2 broke 7 didn’t know 12 bought 17 started

3 spent 8found 13 wanted 18left

4 got 9 stayed 14 didn’t have

5 couldn’t10 saw 15 was

go – went begin – began b 1 Did you have a good time?
spend – spent leave – left 2 Who did you go with?
want – wanted be – was, were 3 Where did you stay?
stay – stayed think – thought 4 How much did the plane ticket cost?
know – knew argue – argued 5 What was the weather like?
sunbathe – sunbathed take – took 6 What did you do at night?

b Focus on the instructions and tell Sts to find and Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2A.
underline the affirmative simple past verbs in Laura’s
text. Tell Sts that some verbs are repeated, but they only Extra idea
need to underline them once. • Remind Sts that a very good way of learning
Check answers and then elicit the base forms.
irregular verbs is through reading stories. Show
booked – book cost – cost them a few Graded Readers if you can, and if you
rented – rent complained – complain have a class library, encourage them to take out a
asked – ask wanted – want book to read at home.
could – can bought – buy
felt – feel ate – eat Extra support
had – have invited – invite • If you think Sts need more practice, you may want
said – say chose – choose
was – be paid – pay to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at
went – go this point.

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5PRONUNCIATION  regular verbs: -ed endings 2A

Pronunciation notes 6SPEAKING
• The regular simple past ending -ed can be
a Focus on the questions and elicit what the missing
pronounced in three different ways: words are (did you in most questions and was in others).
1  -ed is pronounced /t/ after verbs ending in these
Add did you to all the questions except 5 and 6 where it is
unvoiced sounds: /k/, /p/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, and /tʃ/, e.g., was (What was the food like? What was the weather like?).
looked, hoped, laughed, passed, washed, watched.
2  After voiced* endings, -ed is pronounced /d/, Drill the complete questions quickly around the class.
e.g., arrived, changed, showed. This group is b Give Sts time to think about their answers to the
thelargest.
3  After verbs ending in /t/ or /d/, the pronunciation questions. Tell them that they can talk about another
of -ed is /ɪd/, e.g., hated, decided. vacation they remember well, not necessarily their last
• The difference between 1 and 2 is very small, vacation or they could talk about a vacation where they
and only occasionally causes communication were in the right place with the wrong person.
problems. The most important thing is for Sts to Extra support
beclear about rule 3. • Give Sts enough time to make notes or write full
*Voiced and unvoiced consonants
answers to the questions.
• Voiced consonant sounds are made in the throat c Focus on the Useful language for showing interest
by vibrating the vocal chords, e.g., /b/, /l/, /m/, /v/,
etc. Unvoiced consonant sounds are made in the box and go through it with the class. Model and
mouth without vibration in the vocal chords, drill the expressions and encourage Sts to use
e.g., /k/, /p/, /t/, /s/, etc. appropriate intonation.
Put Sts in pairs, A and B. As answer Bs’ questions.
• You can demonstrate this to Sts by getting them Bs must try to show interest and ask for more
to hold their hands against their throats. For information. Monitor and correct.
voiced sounds, they should feel a vibration in Sts change roles.
their throat, but not for unvoiced sounds. Get some feedback from the class.

a 1 37    Remind Sts of the three different
pronunciations of the -ed ending (see
Pronunciation notes).
Focus on the three groups of sentences. Play the audio
once for Sts just to listen.

1 37 
See sentences in Student Book on page13.

Then play it again for Sts to listen and repeat.
b Put Sts in pairs. Give them a minute to practice saying

the verbs in the list in the past.
c 1 38    Play the audio for Sts to listen and check.

ended, invited, needed, started

Elicit that you only pronounce the e in -ed endings
when verbs finish in a /t/ or /d/ sound, and then the -ed
ending is pronounced /ɪd/.

1 38 
arrivedloved
askedneeded
endedparked
invitedstarted
likedstayed

Extra challenge
• Draw three columns on the board for the sounds.

Get Sts to write the verbs in the right column. Then
play the audio for them to listen and check.
Finally, go through the Regular simple past verbs
box with the class.

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G past continuous
V prepositions of time and place: at, in, on
P sentence stress

2B The story behind the photo

Lesson plan c Focus on the instructions and get Sts to answer
questions 1–7.
This lesson is based on two photos by well-known
newspaper photographers, both of which show large Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
groups of people living a historic moment. The first photo, checkanswers.
which shows people of all races in Chicago waiting to see if
the first African American president will be elected on 1 To photograph Obama and his family at the
November 4, 2008, provides the context for the presentation conventioncenter.
of a new structure, the past continuous. Sts then focus on
vocabulary, the correct use of the prepositions at, in, and 2 He didn’t have his press pass.
on, both for time (review) and place. This is then linked 3 It was warm.
to the past continuous in a pronunciation exercise, where 4 In the park outside the convention center.
the focus is on sentence stress and weak forms, and Sts 5 On TV screens.
ask each other where they were and what they were doing 6No.
at different times on the previous day. The second photo, 7 Everyone went crazy.
which shows students demonstrating in Paris in the famous
May ’68 revolt, gives Sts a chance to speculate about what d Do this as an open-class question. You could then tell
was happening when it was taken, and leads into a listening the class what you think and why.
activity, where Sts discover why this photo resulted in the
girl in it losing a fortune. The lesson ends with Sts talking 2GRAMMAR  past continuous
about their own favorite photos, and then writing about
one of them. a Focus on the highlighted verbs in the extract. Elicit /
explain that the verbs describe actions that were in
STUDY  LINK  progress at the same time as Pilston took the photo.
• Workbook 2B
b
Extra photocopiable activities
Extra idea
• Grammar  Past continuous page166 • Draw a time line on the board to help Sts to
• Communicative  Fake or real? page213 (instructions page199)
• Vocabulary  Prepositions in, at, on page251 (instructions understand the concept:

page245) He took the photo.

Optional lead-in (books closed) ________________________X__________
• Write photo on the board. Ask Sts what it is short for Everybody was looking at the TV screens.
b 1 39  1 40    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 2B
(photograph) and elicit the verb we use with it (take).
Elicit / teach the words for a person who takes photos on page128. Focus on the example sentences and play
(photographer) and the subject (photography). Write the audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them
them on the board and model the pronunciation. Ask to copy the rhythm. Then go through the rules with
Stshow the syllable stress changes and underline it on the class.
the board.
photographphotographerphotography Additional grammar notes
• If Sts have an equivalent of the past continuous in
1READING
their L1, then it doesn’t normally cause problems. If
a Books open. Focus on the photo on page14. Get Sts to they don’t, it’s important to make the use very clear.
cover the text and discuss the question with the whole
class. Elicit answers / ideas and write them on the • We often use the past continuous at the beginning
board, but do not tell Sts if they are right or not yet. of a story to set the scene and to say what was
happening, e.g., On April 1st, I was staying with some
b Get Sts to read the text and check their answer to a friends in the country. It was a sunny day, and we were
(People are looking at a screen in Chicago to see if Barack sunbathing in the backyard.
Obama has won the elections on November 4, 2008).
Explain any new vocabulary that is causing problems, • Very often these “actions in progress” (past
e.g., a press pass, screen, hold hands, go crazy, etc. continuous) are “interrupted” by a short,
completed action (simple past), e.g., We were having
lunch in the backyard when suddenly it started to rain.

• Highlight the similarity in form with the present
continuous. It is identical except for using was /
were instead of am / is / are.

• You may also want to remind Sts of the spelling
rules for the -ing form (see Grammar Bank 1C).

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Focus on the exercises for 2B on page129. Sts do the 2B
exercises individually or in pairs.
Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences. c Tell Sts to go to Vocabulary Bank Prepositions on
page153 and do part 1 at / in / on.
a 1 was working 5 was shining Focus on a and get Sts to complete the left-hand column
2 was living 6 were … doing of the chart.
3 weren’t waiting 7 wasn’t listening
4 Was … wearing 8 weren’t watching 1 42    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to
checkanswers.
b 1 broke, was playing 5 called, was talking !  Years from 2000 to 2010 are usually two thousand
2 Were … driving, stopped 6 were studying, met (and) one, etc. From 2011 onward, we normally say
3 was snowing, left 7 Were … living, had twenty eleven, twenty twelve, etc.
4 didn’t see, was working
1 42 
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2B. at / in / on
1 in
Extra support in Peru, in Lima
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want in the kitchen
in a store, in a museum
to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at in a park, in a yard, in a car
this point. in February, in June
in winter
c 1 41    Focus on the instructions and the example. in 2011
Make sure Sts understand they are only going to hear in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening
sound effects and that they must write a sentence using 2 on
the past continuous and the simple past. Put Sts in on a bike, on a bus, on a train, on a plane, on a ship
pairs. Play the audio, pausing after each sound effect to on the floor, on a table, on a shelf, on the balcony, on the roof,
give Sts time to discuss what they think was happening on the wall
and to write a sentence. on March first
on Tuesday, on New Year’s Day, on Valentine’s Day
Check answers and write the sentences on the board. on the weekend
3 at
Possible answers at school, at home, at work, at college
1 They were playing tennis when it started to rain. at the airport, at the train station, at a bus stop
2 She was driving when somebody called her. at a party, at the door
3 They were having a party when the police came. at 6 o’clock, at two-thirty, at 7:45
4 He was taking a shower when somebody knocked on at night, at midnight, at lunch

the door. !  With stores and buildings, e.g., the supermarket,
5 They were sleeping when the baby started crying. the library, you can use at or in when you answer the
6 She was walking her dog when she met a friend. question Where were you? With airport and station, we
normally use at.
1 41  Focus on c. Put Sts in pairs, A and B. A (book open)
Sound effects to illustrate the following: tests B (book closed) for two minutes. Then they
1 They were playing tennis when it started to rain. change roles. Allow at least five minutes for Sts to test
2 She was driving when somebody called her. each other. Then get Sts to close their books and test
3 They were having a party when the police came. them around the class, saying a word, e.g., home, for Sts
4 He was taking a shower when somebody knocked on to say the preposition at.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2B.
thedoor.
5 They were sleeping when the baby started crying. Extra support
6 She was walking her dog when she met a friend. • If you think Sts need more practice, you may want to

3VOCABULARY  at, in, on give them the Vocabulary photocopiable activity at
this point.
a Focus on the instructions and give Sts time to answer d Put Sts in pairs, A and B, and tell them to go to
the questions. Communication at, in, on, A on page100, B on
page106.
b Get Sts to compare their answers to a with a partner, Go through the instructions with them carefully.
and then check in the text. Sit A and B face-to-face. A asks his / her questions to
B, who replies using a preposition and then asks What
Finally, check together. about you?
B then asks A his / her questions.
1on 2at 3in 4in When they have finished, get some feedback from
theclass.
Now focus on the questions in b and give Sts time to Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2B.
answer them.
Check answers. Point out that we don’t use an article
with at home, at work, at school.

1in 2on 3at

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2B It is called “The image that cost a fortune” because the
woman’s grandfather saw the photo on the cover of a
4PRONUNCIATION  sentence stress magazine and then decided not to leave her any money
when he died.
Pronunciation notes
• Remind Sts that information words are the ones 1 44 
(audioscript in Student Book on page118)
that are usually stressed in a sentence. These are En mai 1968 je suis rentré à Paris.
the words you hear more clearly when somebody In May 1968, I came back to Paris. It was a very exciting time.
speaks to you. The unstressed words are heard There were a lot of demonstrations, and fighting between
much less clearly or sometimes hardly at all. students and the police. I wasn’t really interested in politics
!  S hort prepositions (up, for, in, etc.) are not normally – I wasn’t a communist or an anarchist. But I loved the
stressed except when they occur at the end of a atmosphere. All the students were fighting for freedom, for
sentence. Compare Where are you from? ( from is revolution, and the French police were everywhere. On May
stressed) and I’m from Munich ( from is unstressed). the 15th, I was with thousands of other young people. We
were walking toward the Place de la Bastille. I was tired, so a
a 1 43    Play the audio once for Sts just to listen. friend picked me up and I sat on his shoulders. Another boy
who was walking next to us was carrying a Vietnamese flag
1 43  (it was the time of the Vietnam War) and he said to me, “Hey,
See dialogue in Student Book on page15. could you carry the flag for me?” and I said, “OK.” There was so
much happening that I didn’t notice all the photographers. The
Now play it again, pausing after each line for Sts to next day the photo was on the cover of magazines all over the
listen and repeat, copying the stress. Encourage Sts to world. When my grandfather saw it, he immediately ordered
say the unstressed words as fast as they can. me to come to his house. He was furious – really really angry.
b Focus on the instructions and speech bubbles. Explain He said, “That’s it! You are a communist! I’m not going to leave
that Sts are going to practice the dialogue in a with you anything. Not a penny!” I walked out of the room, and I
different times. First, focus on the times and elicit that never saw him again. Six months later he died, and I didn’t get
where they see “a.m.” they should say in the morning, any money from him. Nothing.
and where they see “p.m.” they should say in the
afternoon or at night for 10:00p.m. d Focus on the multiple choice sentences and give Sts
Put Sts in pairs, A and B. A asks the questions for the a few moments to read them before you play the
first time (6:30 a.m.), and then B asks the questions for audio again.
11:00 a.m., etc. Play the audio again if necessary.
When Sts have finished, get some feedback from Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then check
theclass. answers.
Extra support
• Get Sts to ask you the questions first, and correct any 1 a  2 c  3 a  4 b  5 c

pronunciation errors. Answer the questions, giving Extra support
more information where you can as a model for Sts • If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with
when they answer themselves.
the audioscript on page118, so they can see exactly
5LISTENING what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate /
explain any new words or phrases.
a Focus on the instructions and the photo. Elicit some e Do this as an open-class question. You could tell Sts
opinions from the class. You may want to teach that according to the press she would have inherited
(to be / go on) a demonstration. Highlight that this is about $15.5 million, but she says that she has no regrets
a true story. and has had a very happy life.

b Tell Sts to read the beginning of the article and answer 6 SPEAKING & WRITING
the question. Elicit that the title could mean either
thatthe photo was very expensive or that it cost the a Focus on the questions. Make sure Sts understand all
woman a lot of money, i.e. that she lost a lot of money the vocabulary, e.g., to upload a photo, a screen saver, etc.
because of it. Demonstrate the activity by getting Sts to ask you the
Tell Sts they will find out exactly what the title means questions. Then get Sts to discuss the questions in pairs.
when they listen to the woman. Do not tell Sts the Encourage them to give more information if they can.
answer yet. Get feedback from a few pairs.
Extra idea
c 1 44    Tell Sts to focus on the photo and to listen to • You could ask Sts to bring one or two favorite photos
the woman in the photo talking about it. Play the audio to the next class to show other Sts and talk about
once the whole way through. them, or to show each other photos they have on
Check answers to b. their phones.
Extra support
• Read through the audioscript and decide if you need b Tell Sts to go to Writing My favorite photo on
to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen. page112.
Focus on the information at the top of the image
and establish that this is for a photo competition on
the Internet.

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2B

Now focus on a and get Sts to match the questions with
paragraphs 1–5. Tell them not to worry about the blanks.

Check answers.

1 What’s your favorite photo?
2 Who took it? When? Where?
3 What was happening when you took the photo?
4 Why do you like it?
5 Where do you keep it?

Now focus on b and get Sts to fill in the blanks with in,
of, on, or around.

Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
checkanswers.

2 in, on, in
3 in, around
5 in, on, of

Focus on the You can keep a photo box and go
through it with the class.

Assign the writing in c in class or as homework and ask
Sts to include a photo. Tell Sts to answer the questions
in a in the right order and not as they appear on the
page, so the first question they write about is What’s
your favorite photo?

In d, Sts first check their writing for mistakes and
attach the photo if they have one. Then Sts exchange
their descriptions and see if their photos are similar
ornot.

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G time sequencers and connectors
V verb phrases
P word stress

2C One dark October evening

Lesson plan 1 45 
Hannah met Jamie in the summer of 2010. It was Hannah’s
In this lesson, Sts learn to use time sequencers, e.g., after 21st birthday, and she and her friends went to a club. They
that, later, etc. and the connectors so, because, but, and wanted to dance, but they didn’t like the music, so Hannah
although. They also review the simple past and continuous. went to speak to the DJ. “This music is awful,” she said. “Could
The context is a short story with a twist. After Sts have you play something else?” The DJ looked at her and said,
read most of the story and worked on the grammar, they “Don’t worry, I have the perfect song for you.”
have a pronunciation focus on word stress in two-syllable Two minutes later he said, “The next song is by Scouting For
words. Then in Vocabulary they expand their knowledge Girls. It’s called Blue As Your Eyes, and it’s for a beautiful girl
of verb phrases. The language is then pulled together in the who’s dancing over there.” Hannah knew that the song was
speaking activity, where they use picture prompts to retell for her.
the story so far. They then decide as a class whether they When Hannah and her friends left the club, the DJ was waiting
want to hear a happy or a sad ending to the story, and then for her at the door. “Hi, I’m Jamie,” he said to Hannah. “Can I see
they listen to the one they have chosen. The lesson ends you again?” So Hannah gave him her phone number.
with the song mentioned in the story, Blue As Your Eyes. The next day Jamie called Hannah and invited her to dinner.
He took her to a very romantic restaurant, and they talked
STUDY  LINK  all evening. Although the food wasn't very good, they had a
• Workbook 2C wonderful time.
• Online Practice After that Jamie and Hannah saw each other every day. Every
• iChecker evening when Hannah finished work, they met at 5:30 in a
coffee shop on Bridge Street. They were madly in love.
Extra photocopiable activities One evening in October, Hannah was at work. As usual she
was going to meet Jamie at 5:30. It was dark and it was
• Grammar  Time sequencers and connectors page167 raining. She looked at her watch. It was 5:20! She was going to
• Communicative  Sentence race page214 (instructions be late! She ran to her car and got in. At 5:25 she was driving
along Bridge Street. She was going very fast because she
page199) was in a hurry. Suddenly, a man ran across the street. He was
• Song  Blue As Your Eyes page269 (instructions page263) wearing a dark coat, so Hannah didn’t see him at first. Quickly
she put her foot on the brake…
Optional lead-in (books closed)
• Elicit song titles with colors in them and write them on b Tell Sts to read the story again if necessary and answer
questions 1–8. They can answer orally in pairs, or
the board, for example Yellow by Coldplay, White Flag by in writing.
Dido, Blue Eyes by Elton John, Purple Rain by Prince, etc.
• Then tell Sts that they are going to read a short story Check answers.
where a song with a color plays a part.
1 Because she didn’t like the music.
1GRAMMAR  2 Because Hannah has blue eyes.
3 Jamie was waiting at the door and asked to see Hannah
time sequencers and connectors
a 1 45    Books open. Focus on the text and tell Sts that again.
4 It was very romantic, but the food wasn’t very good.
they are going to listen to a story, but that first they 5 To a coffee shop on Bridge Street.
have to read it and fill in the blanks. Tell them that the 6 It was dark and raining.
end of the story is on audio, so the last paragraph here 7 Because she was in a hurry.
is not the end of the story. 8 Because he was wearing a dark coat.
Give Sts five minutes to read the paragraphs.
Get them to compare with a partner, and then play the Extra challenge
audio for Sts to listen to the story and check answers. • Get Sts to answer the questions in pairs before they

2When read the story again. They then reread the story
3 The next day to check.
4 After that
5 One evening in October c Focus on the three sentences. Tell Sts not to look back
6Suddenly at the story, but to try and complete the sentences
from memory.

Check answers and elicit / explain the meaning of the
missing words or ask Sts how to say them in their L1.
Model and drill the pronunciation of so, because, and
although. Write them on the board and underline the
stressed syllable, or write them in phonetics (/soʊ/,
/‌bɪˈkɔz/, and /ɔlˈðoʊ/).

1because
2Although
3so

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d 1 46  ,1 47  and 1 48    Tell Sts to go to Grammar 2C
2C on page 128. Focus on the example sentences
Bank 3VOCABULARY  verb phrases
and play the audio for Sts to listen and repeat.
Encourage them to copy the rhythm. Then go through a Focus on the two boxes and the example. Tell Sts that
the rules with the class. by combining a verb from 1 with a phrase from 2, they
will make verb phrases from the story.
Additional grammar notes
• We usually put a comma before so, although, and Put Sts in pairs and give them a few minutes to match
the verbs and phrases. Tell them that sometimes two
but, e.g., She was tired, so she went to bed. verbs may be possible with a phrase, but to try to
remember the phrases from the story.
• Sts may also ask you about though, which is a
colloquial, abbreviated form of although. Though is Check answers.
not usually used at the beginning of a sentence. It is
probably best at this level if Sts just learn although. have a wonderful time
drive along Bridge Street (also in a hurry)
!  S o has another completely different meaning, which meet in a coffee shop
is to intensify adjectives, e.g., He was so tired that he give somebody your email / phone number
went to bed at 9:00. You may want to point out this take somebody to a restaurant
meaning, too, in case Sts get confused. wait for somebody (also in a coffee shop)
be in a hurry
Now focus on the exercises for 2C on page129. Sts do play a song
the exercises individually or in pairs. leave the club very late (also in a hurry)
Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences. run across the street (also along Bridge Street)

a2g 4e 6f 8d b Get Sts to test themselves by covering box 1 and
3b 5a 7h remembering the verbs for each phrase.

(Video) Looking For Alaska Audiobook

b1Although 4Although 7but 4 SPEAKING & LISTENING

2because 5so 8so a Retelling a story gives Sts the opportunity for some
extended oral practice, and in this case to recycle the
3but 6because 9Although tenses and connectors they have been studying.

Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2C. Focus on the pictures and tell Sts they are going to
retell the story of Hannah and Jamie. Give them a few
Extra support minutes to re-read the story on page16.
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want b Put Sts in pairs, A and B. Get As to cover the text and
focus on the pictures. Tell them to tell as much of the
to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at story as they can for pictures 1, 2, and 3 while Bs look
this point. at the story on page16 to prompt / correct. They then
e Tell Sts to look at the six sentences and to complete change roles for pictures 4 and 5.
them with their own ideas.
When Sts have finished, get them to trade pieces of Get individual Sts to tell the class about each picture.
paper with a partner. c Tell Sts they are now going to hear the end of the story.
Get some feedback from the class. You could write
some of the sentences on the board. First, Sts have to vote with a show of hands on whether
they want to hear a happy ending or a sad ending.
2PRONUNCIATION  word stress
If Sts vote for the happy ending, play audio 1.50. If they
a Focus on the Stress in two-syllable words box and vote for the sad ending, play audio 1.51.
go through it with the class. d 1 50  or 1 51    Before playing the ending chosen
Now focus on the task and give Sts time, in pairs, to by Sts, elicit ideas from the class about what they think
underline the stressed syllable. happened, but don’t tell them if they are right or wrong
to help build suspense.
b 1 49    Play the audio for Sts to listen and check.
Pause the audio after each word, elicit the answer, Play the audio once the whole way through for Sts
and write the word on the board with the stressed to listen.
syllable underlined.
Extra support
1 49  • Read through the audioscript and decide if you need

across, after, again, along, although, awful, because, birthday, to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen.
evening, invite, perfect, second

Play the audio again, pausing after each word for Sts
torepeat.

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2C Extra support
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with
1 50 
(audioscript in Student Book on pages 118–119) the audioscript on pages 118–119, so they can see
Happy ending exactly what they understood / didn’t understand.
N = Narrator, H = Hannah, J = Jamie, W = waiter Translate / explain any new words or phrases.
N Suddenly, a man ran across the street. He was wearing a
e If Sts chose the happy ending (1.50), tell them to go
dark coat, so Hannah didn’t see him at first. Quickly she to Communication Happy ending on page101.
put her foot on the brake. She stopped just in time. She got IfSts chose the sad ending (1.51), tell them to go to
out of her car and shouted at the man. Communication Sad ending on page109.
H Don’t you usually look before you cross the street? I
almost hit you. I didn’t see you until the last minute. Play the end of the story again. Set a time limit for Sts
J Sorry! Hey, Hannah, it’s me. It’s Jamie. to answer questions 1–8 in pairs.
H Jamie! What are you doing here? I almost killed you!
J I was buying something. I was in a hurry, and I crossed the Check answers.
street without looking.
H Come on. Get in! Happy ending
N Hannah and Jamie drove to the coffee shop. They sat down 1 Because he was wearing a dark coat.
in their usual seats and ordered two cups of coffee. 2Jamie.
W Here you are. Two cappuccinos. 3 He was in a hurry.
H and JThanks. 4 To a coffee shop.
H What an evening! I almost killed you. 5 Two cappuccinos.
J Well, you didn’t kill me, so what’s the problem? 6 He was buying tickets for a concert.
H But what were you doing on Bridge Street? I thought you 7 It was the Scouting For Girls concert on October 15th.
were here, in the cafe, waiting for me. 8 October 15th was their three-month anniversary.
J I went to the theater to buy these tickets for the Scouting
For Girls concert. I know you wanted to go. And it’s on Sad ending
October 15th – next Saturday. Our anniversary. 1 Because he was wearing a dark coat.
H Our anniversary? 2 She hit him.
J Yes. Three months since we first met. We met on Saturday, 3 She went to the coffee shop and called Jamie.
July 15th. Remember? 4 The police. / A police officer.
H Gosh, Jamie. I can’t believe you remember the exact day! 5 That Jamie was in a car accident.
What a romantic! It’s lucky I didn’t hit you on the street… 6 He had a bad injury to his head and two broken legs. /

1 51  He was in intensive care.
(audioscript in Student Book on page119) 7 The car was white and the driver a woman.
Sad ending 8 She asked Hannah about the license plate of her car and
N = Narrator, H = Hannah, P = police officer
N Suddenly, a man ran across the street. He was wearing a where she was at 5:25 p.m.

dark coat, so Hannah didn’t see him at first. Quickly she Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 2C.
put her foot on the brake. Although Hannah tried to stop,
she couldn’t. She hit the man. Hannah panicked. She drove 5 1 52   SONG Blue As Your Eyes
away as fast as she could.
When she arrived at the coffee shop, Jamie wasn’t there. This song was originally made famous by the English
She called him, but his cell phone was turned off. She band Scouting For Girls in 2010. For copyright reasons,
waited for ten minutes and then she went home. this is a cover version. If you want to do this song in
Two hours later a car arrived at Hannah’s house. A class, use the photocopiable activity on page269.
police officer knocked at the door.
P Good evening, ma’am. Are you Hannah Davis? 1 52 
H Yes, I am. Blue As Your Eyes
P I’d like to speak to you. Can I come in?
N The police officer came in and sat down on the sofa. Am I falling apart?
P Are you a friend of Jamie Dixon? Is this falling in love? Am I going insane?
HYes. You’re scratched on my heart.
N said Hannah. You’re scratched on my heart; you’re etched on my brain.
P Well, I’m afraid I have some bad news for you. And every word;
H What? What’s happened? Every word that you said goes ’round
P Jamie had an accident this evening. ’Round in my head
H Oh, no. What kind of accident? ’Round like a cyclone in my mind.
P He was crossing the street and a car hit him. Chorus
H When... When did this happen? And where? I’ve been trying to get a hold on you.
P This evening at five twenty-five. He was crossing Bridge I’ve been trying to get a hold on you.
Street by the theater. I’ve been trying to get a hold on you.
H Oh, no! How is he? On this crazy world of mine, every day.
P He’s in the hospital. He has a bad injury to his head and two Right from the start. When I showed you my hand,
broken legs. I gave you my heart. Falling in love,
H But is he going to be OK? Feeling alive, clear as the mud,
P We don’t know. He’s in intensive care. I’m blue as your eyes, blue as your eyes.
H Oh, no. And the driver of the car? Is it all in my head?
P She didn’t stop. You turn me away, you beg me to stay.
HShe? Is it something I said?
P Yes, it was a woman in a white car. Somebody saw the car’s You want it to change, you want it the same.
license plates. You have a white car outside, don’t you, Chorus (x2)
ma’am? Is your number plate XYZ 348S?
H Yes... yes, it is.
P Can you tell me where you were at five twenty-five
thisevening?

At the end of the story, get Sts to tell you what happened.

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1 & 2 Review and Check

There are two pages of review and consolidation after PRONUNCIATION
every two Files. The first page reviews the grammar,
vocabulary, and pronunciation of the two Files. These a1J 3lives 5actor
exercises can be done individually or in pairs, in class or 2shorts 4weight
at home, depending on the needs of your Sts and the class
time available. The second page presents Sts with a series b1talkative 3prefer5comfortable
of skills-based challenges. First, there is a reading text that 2mustache 4disgusting
is of a slightly higher level than those in the File, but that
reviews grammar and vocabulary Sts have already learned. CAN YOU UNDERSTAND THIS TEXT?
Then Sts can watch or listen to five unaudioscripted street
interviews, where people are asked questions related to a A bad thing
the topics in the File. You can find these on the Class DVD,
iTools, and Class Audio (audio only). Finally, there is a b1T 3T 5F
speaking challenge, which measures Sts’ ability to use the 2T 4F 6T
language of the File orally. We suggest that you use some or
all of these activities according to the needs of your class. CAN YOU UNDERSTAND THESE PEOPLE?
In addition, there is a short documentary film available on
the Class DVD and iTools on a subject related to one of the 1 53 
topics of the Files. This is aimed at giving Sts enjoyable 1 b  2 c  3 c  4 b  5 b
extra listening practice and showing them how much they
are now able to understand. 1 53 
1
Testing Program CD-ROM I = interviewer, J = Justin
I Who do you look like in your family?
• Quick Test 2 J I looked more like my mother when I was younger, now I
• File 2 Test
look like my father.
GRAMMAR 2
I = interviewer, Jo = Joanna
1 c 6c 11a I Do you have a favorite painting? Can you describe it?
2 b 7c 12c Jo Yes, it’s a life-size painting of a horse that’s standing on its
3 a 8b 13a
4 c 9b 14b back legs. It’s by a painter called Whistler.
5 a 10c 15c 3
I = interviewer, Je = Jeanna
VOCABULARY I Where did you go for your last vacation?
Je Las Vegas.
a 1do 6book I Did you have a good time?
2look 7invite Je Yes, I did. It was short, but it was good.
3wear 8drive 4
4take 9play I = interviewer, D = David
5stay 10leave I Do you take a lot of photos?
D I don’t, but my wife does.
I What does she take photos of?
D Mostly buildings and some of me. She doesn’t like to be in

photos herself, so I have to do all the modeling.
5
I = interviewer, A = Yoni
I Do you prefer movies with a happy or a sad ending?
A I think I prefer films with a sad ending
I Why?
A Because it’s more like real life.

b1on 3in 5at 7on
2in 4on 6at

c 1 beard (the others are about hair)
2 lazy (the others are affirmative adjectives)
3 friendly (the others are negative adjectives)
4 tie (the others are normally worn by women)
5 gloves (the others are worn on your feet)
6 scarf (the others are pieces of jewelry)
7 dirty (the others are about the weather)
8 luxurious (the others are negative)

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G be going to (plans and predictions)
V airports
P sentence stress and fast speech

3A Plans and dreams

Lesson plan 2LISTENING

In this lesson, Sts review going to, which they learned in a Focus on the three people in the picture and the
Level 1 to talk about plans and predictions. The context is caption. Make sure the term NGO (non-governmental
a listening based on interviews with people at an airport, organization) is clear; you might want to tell Sts that
who are all questioned about their plans. The lesson begins NGOs are non-profit voluntary organizations, which
with vocabulary, and Sts learn useful vocabulary related often have humanitarian goals.
to airports. They then listen to the interviews, which leads Elicit some opinions to the question and get Sts to say
them into the grammar, which is reviewed and practiced. why, but do not tell them the answer.
The pronunciation focus is on sentence stress and fast
speech, which helps Sts to recognize the contraction of b 1 55    Now play the audio for Sts to check their
going to (gonna), and Sts then ask and answer questions answer to a.
about their plans. The lesson ends with an article about the
world’s top airports, and what makes them special. Extra support
• Read through the audioscript and decide if you need
STUDY  LINK 
• Workbook 3A to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen.

Extra photocopiable activities Olivia is going to work abroad for an NGO.
Matthew is going to do a photo shoot.
• Grammar  be going to (plans and predictions) page168 Lily is going to see an ex-partner.
• Communicative  Find a partner page215 (instructions
1 55 
page200) (audioscript in Student Book on page119)
• Song  This is the Life page270 (instructions page263) I = Interviewer, O = Olivia, M = Matthew, L = Lily
Olivia
Optional lead-in (books closed) I Excuse me, do you have a minute?
• Write airport on the board. Put Sts in pairs and give O Yes, sure.
I Where are you going?
them two minutes to think of five things people do at an O To Nicaragua.
airport, e.g., catch a plane, leave, arrive, meet somebody, I For a vacation?
check-in, board, fly, etc. Elicit answers and write some of O No, I’m going to do volunteer work. I’m going to teach
their suggestions on the board.
English to young children.
1VOCABULARY airports I Where exactly in Nicaragua are you going?
O To a town called Estelí. It’s about 93 miles from Managua.
a Books open. Focus on the questions. Sts can answer I How long are you going to be there for?
them in pairs or do them as an open class. O I’m going to be in Estelí for six weeks, and after that I’m

b Focus on the instructions and tell Sts to look at the 12 going to travel around Nicaragua for a month.
signs and to match them with the words and phrases. I That sounds amazing.
Get Sts to compare their answers with a partner. O Yes, I’m really looking forward to it.
I Are you feeling nervous at all?
c 1 54    Play the audio for Sts to listen and check. O A little, because I don’t speak much Spanish. But they’re

1 54  going to give us a 40-hour language course when we arrive,
3Arrivals so I hope that’s enough to start with.
7 Baggage check-in I Well, good luck and have a great time.
1 Baggage claim O Thanks. I’m sure it’s going to be an amazing experience.
9Check-in Matthew
8Customs I Excuse me, do you have a minute?
2Departures M Yeah, OK.
11Gates I Where are you going?
5Elevators M To Australia.
10Passport control I That’s a long flight. Are you going to stop on the way?
4Terminal M No, I’m going direct to Melbourne.
12Restrooms I Why Melbourne?
6Cart M I’m going to work there. I’m a model and we’re going to do a
photo shoot for a magazine.
Then tell Sts to cover the words and look at the symbols, I That sounds exciting. What kind of clothes are you going
and try to remember the words. to model?
M Winter clothes, for next season. It’s winter in Australia now,
so it’s going to be pretty cold. That’s why we’re going there.
I Of course, it’s their winter. How cold do you think it’s going
to be?
M I’m not really sure. About 45 to 50 degrees Farenheit during
the day and colder at night, I suppose.
I Well, have a good trip, and I hope the photos are fabulous!
MThanks.

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Lily 3A
I Excuse me, do you have a minute?
O OK, sure. c 1 57    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 3A on
I Where are you going? page130. Focus on the example sentences and play the
L To San Francisco. audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to copy
I Why are you going there? the rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class.
L I’m going to a conference.
I So it’s a work trip. Additional grammar notes
L Yes. But I’m also going to see an old friend there. Actually, • Be going to is reviewd here with its two main

an old boyfriend. Someone I went out with a long time ago. uses: plans (I’m going to stay for six months.) and
I When did you decide to meet up again? predictions (It’s going to be a big surprise for him.).
L Well, I knew he was working at the University of San
Focus on the exercises for 3A on page131. Sts do the
Francisco, so when the conference came up about a month exercises individually or in pairs.
ago I got in touch with him on Facebook. Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences.
I Is he going to meet you at the airport?
L I don’t think so! But who knows? a 1 Is … going to learn
I How do you feel about it? 2 ’re going to be
L Pretty excited. It’s going to be strange meeting again after 3 aren’t going to go, ’re going to stay
all these years. 4 ’re going to take
I Well, good luck. I’m sure you’re going to have a great time. 5 ’m going to cook
And enjoy the conference, too. 6 ’m not going to listen
L Thank you very much. 7 are … going to do
b 1 ’re going to be
Now play the audio again and get Sts to complete the 2 ’s going to be
chart on a piece of paper. Pause the audio after each 3 ’re going to love
section to give Sts time to write.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3A.
check answers. Extra support
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want
Olivia Nicaragua. To teach English to children / Todo
volunteer work. She is going to travel for amonth. to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at
this point.
Matthew Australia. To do a photo shoot for a magazine.
Heis going to model winter clothes. 4 PRONUNCIATION & SPEAKING 

Lily San Francisco. To go to a conference. She is going sentence stress and fast speech
to meet her ex-boyfriend from a long time ago.
Pronunciation notes
Extra support • The first exercise gives Sts more practice in
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with
sentence stress and shows them which words
the audioscript on page119, so they can see exactly are normally stressed in sentences with be going
what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate / to. In the second exercise, the focus is on how
explain any new words or phrases. native speakers often pronounce going to, i.e. as
gonna. Point out to Sts that they need practice in
3GRAMMAR  understanding gonna, but that it is probably not a
good idea for them to pronounce it in this way. It
be going to (plans and predictions) will not sound natural unless they speak very fast,
a 1 56    Focus on the instructions and give Sts time to which they will probably not be able to do yet.

fill in the blanks with the correct form of be going to. a 1 58    Remind Sts that in English we stress
Get Sts to compare with a partner. Then play the audio (pronounce more strongly) the words in a sentence
for them to check their answers. that are the most important for communication,
i.e. the information words, and we say the other words
1 56  more lightly.
1 I’m going to teach English to young children. Focus attention on the first question and ask Sts
2 How long are you going to be there for? to tell you which words are the most important for
3 It’s winter in Australia now, so it’s going to be pretty cold. communication. (What, going, do, and tonight), and
4 Is he going to meet you at the airport? highlight that these are the four words you have to
5 I’m sure you’re going to have a great time. stress in the question.
Play the audio once for Sts just to listen.
b First, make sure that Sts are clear about what the
difference is between a plan (something you intend 1 58 
todo) and a prediction (something that you think See sentences in Student Book on page21
willhappen).
Now, in pairs, Sts focus on whether sentences 1–5 in a Now play it again, pausing after each line for Sts to
are plans (PL) or predictions (PR). listen and repeat.
Check answers.

1 PL  2 PL  3 PR  4 PL  5 PR

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3A Extra support
• To check comprehension, ask some more questions
b 1 59    Focus on the Fast speech: gonna box and go
through it with the class. on each text, e.g., Which is the best airport for people
This dictation is for recognition (not production) of who like flowers? (Singapore) Which airport offers free
gonna. Tell Sts they are going to listen to six sentences drinks? (Munich), etc.
or questions read at normal speed, and they must write d Focus on the instructions and set the scene. Put Sts in
them down. Play the audio, pausing after each one to pairs and give them time to do the role-play. Monitor
give Sts time to write. and help, encouraging Sts to use be going to.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then You could get some pairs to role-play in front of
check answers. theclass.

1 59  6 1 60   SONG This is the Life
1 It’s going to be difficult.
2 What are we going to do now? This song was originally made famous by Scottish
3 Is it going to rain? singer Amy Macdonald in 2007. For copyright reasons,
4 Where are we going to go? this is a cover version. If you want to do this song in
5 They aren’t going to come. class, use the photocopiable activity on page270.
6 What’s going to happen?
1 60 
c Tell Sts to go to Communication What are your This is the Life
plans?, A on page101, B on page107. Go through the Oh the wind whistles down
instructions with them carefully, and elicit the words The cold dark street tonight
missing from the question prompts (are and going to). And the people they were dancing
Sit A and B face-to-face. A asks B his / her questions. To the music vibe
B now asks A his / her questions. And the boys chase the girls with the curls in their hair
Monitor and help, correcting any errors they make While the shy tormented youth sit way over there
with going to. And the songs they get louder, each one better than before
When they have finished, get feedback from Chorus
some pairs. And you’re singing the songs, thinking this is the life
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3A. And you wake up in the morning and your head feels twice
thesize
5READING Where you gonna go? Where you gonna go? Where you gonna
sleep tonight?
a Focus on the questions and elicit answers from (repeat)
theclass. So you’re heading down the road in your taxi for four
And you’re waiting outside Jimmy’s front door
b Now focus on the article and the photo. Read the But nobody’s in and nobody’s home till four
introduction aloud (or get a student to read it) and So you’re sitting there with nothing to do
establish that the rest of the article describes the Talking about Robert Riger and his motley crew
facilities at various top airports around the world. And where you’re gonna go and where you’re gonna sleep
Look at the names of the cities and establish which tonight
country they are in (Singapore, Hong Kong – China, Chorus
Seoul – South Korea, Munich – Germany, Osaka –
Japan, Vancouver – Canada).
Give Sts two minutes to read the whole article and
answer questions 1–7.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
check answers.

1Osaka 4Osaka 7Singapore
2Munich 5Hong Kong
3Incheon 6Vancouver

c Now get Sts to read the article again and work with
a partner to decide what the highlighted words and
phrases mean. Encourage Sts to use the context, and
any part of the sentence that they know to help them.
Check answers, either explaining in English,
translating into Sts’ L1, or getting Sts to check in
theirdictionaries.
Explain any other new vocabulary.

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G present continuous (future arrangements)
V verbs + prepositions, e.g., arrive in
P sounding friendly

3B Let’s meet again

Lesson plan Remind Sts that we use ordinal numbers to say the
date. Now play the audio again, pausing after each date
In this lesson, Sts learn a new use of the present continuous: for Sts to listen and repeat.
to talk about set plans and arrangements. The context
is the continuation of the story of Lily, one of the people Extra support
they listened to in 3A, who was going to a conference • Get Sts to count around the class using ordinal
and hoping to meet up with an ex-boyfriend. They begin
this lesson reading messages between her and Ben, the numbers from 1st to 31st.
ex-boyfriend, in which they make contact, and Sts then b Focus on the instructions. Ask Sts if they recognize
listen to her leaving him a voicemail about her travel
arrangements. After focusing on the grammar, they Lily (she is the woman from the Listening in 3A).
getmore practice through a listening activity where Lily Elicit what Sts can remember about her (She is going
and Ben arrange to see each other, and finally they hear what to SanFrancisco for a conference. She is going to
happens when they actually meet. The lesson continues meet an old friend, who works at the University of
with a pronunciation focus on friendly intonation, and Sts SanFrancisco.)
then complete a calendar and try to make arrangements Show Sts that the first message has been numbered for
to go out with other Sts in the class. The lesson ends with them and ask them to continue putting them in order.
a vocabulary focus on verbs that are normally followed by Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
prepositions, and Sts then use both the grammar and the checkanswers.
vocabulary to write an email about travel arrangements.
2 Lily! Great to hear from you…
STUDY  LINK  3 It’s from May 3rd to 7th…
• Workbook 3B 4 It depends on the day…
5 Great. I’m going to book…
Extra photocopiable activities 6 OK. Why don’t you…
7Wonderful…
• Grammar  Present continuous (future arrangements) page169
• Communicative  Come fly with me! page216 (instructions c Get Sts to read the messages again in the right order
and to answer the two questions.
page200)
• Vocabulary  What’s the preposition? page252 (instructions Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
checkanswers.
page245)
She wants to see him when she is in San Francisco.
Optional lead-in (books closed) They are planning to meet for dinner in a restaurant that
• Quickly review months. Write spring, summer, fall, Ben knows.

and winter on the board and tell Sts, in pairs, to write Extra idea
three months in each season. Check answers and model • Put Sts in pairs, A and B. Assign them a role each—A
and drill the pronunciation of any that Sts find difficult,
e.g., February /ˈfɛbruɛri/, July /dʒʊˈlaɪ/, etc. is Lily and B is Ben. They should read the messages
out loud in the correct order. Then they answer
1 READING & LISTENING thequestions.

a 1 61    Focus on the dates and elicit the first one from Extra support
the class (May third). Then put Sts in pairs, and get • To check comprehension, ask some more questions
them to practice saying the other dates.
Play the audio for them to listen and check. about the messages, e.g., Does Ben like SanFrancisco?
(Yes, he says it is a great city.) How long is Lily’s
1 61  conference? (Five days.) How long is Ben going to stay
May third in Los Angeles? (One day.), etc.
August twelfth, two thousand twelve d Focus on the task and get Sts to match the highlighted
December thirty-first words and phrases in the messages to meanings 1–6.
June twenty-second
February fifth Check answers.
July twentieth, nineteen ninety-eight
1for ages 3I’m still 5both

2arrangements4perhaps 6set a day

Explain any other new vocabulary.

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3B b 1 63    Now Sts focus on three sentences from the
message Lily left Ben and fill in the three blanks.
e 1 62    Ask Sts What does Lily say in her last message Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then play the
to Ben on Facebook? (She is going to book her tickets audio for them to check their answers.
and then let Ben know the flight times). Now focus
on the instructions and make sure Sts understand the 1flying 2arriving 3staying
expression leave a message.
1 63 
Play the audio for Sts to listen and complete the flight 1 I’m flying from Boston on JetBlue.
details. Play again if necessary. 2 I’m arriving in San Francisco at 2:40 p.m.
3 I’m staying at a hotel near the convention center.
Get them to compare with a partner, and then
checkanswers. c 1 64    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 3B on
page130. Focus on the example sentences and play the
Going out: audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to copy
Date: (Sunday) May 2nd the rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class.
Arrive San Francisco at 2:40 p.m.
Going back: Additional grammar notes
Date: (Saturday) May 8th • Sts already know how to use the present
Depart: San Francisco at 12:35 p.m.
Hotel reservations: Six nights at Hotel Nikko. continuous to talk about things happening now,
but they may find this future use (What are you
1 62  doing this evening?) strange. They may find it more
(audioscript in Student Book on page119) natural to use the simple present tense for this.
Ben Hi. This is Ben West. Sorry I can’t take your call. Please Typical mistake: What do you do this evening? I go to
the movies.
leave a message.
Lily Hi, Ben. It’s me, Lily. Hope you’re OK. I’ve booked my flight • The difference between using be going to and the
present continuous is very subtle, so it is probably
and hotel. I’m coming on Sunday, May 2nd – Icouldn’t worth stressing that they can often be used as
get a flight on the first. I’m flying from Boston on alternative forms when we talk about plans and
JetBlue; and I’m arriving in San Francisco at 2:40 p.m. I’m arrangements, e.g., What are you going to do
going back on Saturday the 8th leaving at 12:35 p.m. tonight? / What are you doing tonight?
I’m staying at a hotel, near the convention center. It’s
called the Hotel Nikko or Neekko– I’m not sure how you • You may want to point out that whereas it is very
pronounce it, but it’s N-I-K-K-O. I’m sure you know it. I’ll common to use the present continuous with verbs
call you on Sunday night when I get there. See you soon – such as leave, arrive, go, come because these often
I’m really looking forward to seeing youagain. refer to previously made travel arrangements, be
going to is more common with actions for which
Extra support you don’t often make special arrangements, e.g.,
• If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again with I’m going to wash my hair tonight is more common
than I’m washing my hair tonight.
the audioscript on page119, so they can see exactly
what they understood / didn’t understand. Translate / • It is also important to highlight that the present
explain any new words or phrases. continuous is not used for predictions, e.g., I’m
sureyou’re going to find a job. NOT I’m sure you’re
2GRAMMAR  present continuous finding a job.

(future arrangements) Focus on the exercises for 3B on page131. Sts do the
a Tell Sts to look back at the Facebook messages in 1 and, exercises individually or in pairs.

in pairs, to underline five present continuous verbs. Check answers by getting Sts to read the full sentences.
Then they should answer the two questions.
a1N
Check answers. 2F
3F
1 Are you still working at the University of San Francisco? 4N
2 I’m going to Los Angeles. 5N
3 I’m coming back the same day. 6F
4 What are you doing that week? 7F
5 …it’s going really well… 8N
“Are you still working…?” and “…it’s going really well…” are b 1 ’m packing
about now. 2 ’m flying
The other three refer to the future. 3 are you going
4 ’m seeing
Explain briefly that the present continuous has two 5 are you meeting
main uses: 6 ’m working

1  To talk about temporary actions happening now Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3B.
and around now (e.g., It’s raining). Sts reviewed this
use in 1C.

2  To talk about future actions (I’m leaving tomorrow).

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Extra support 3B
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want
f Focus on the instructions and the example.
to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at Then get Sts to cover the calendar (and erase the
this point. answers from the board). In pairs, Sts test each other
d 1 65    Focus on the instructions. You could ask Sts on what Ben is doing each day.
What day of the week is it when Lily calls? (Sunday)
What’s the date? (May 2nd). g 1 66    Focus on the task. You could ask Sts to predict
Now play the audio for Sts to listen to Lily and Ben’s if they think the meeting is going to be a success, what
conversation. They must answer the question What day they think is going to happen, etc.
do they arrange to meet? Play the audio once the whole way through.
Check the answer. Check answers.

Thursday Ben arrives to take Lily to the restaurant, and Lily is very
pleased to see him. But Ben is not alone; he is with his
1 65  girlfriend, Erika.
B = Ben, L = Lily
B Hello. 1 66 
L Hi, Ben. It’s me. B Hi, Lily.
B Lily! How are you? How was your flight? L Hi, Ben. How are you?
L Oh, fine. No problems at all. B I’m fine. And you? Not too tired from the conference?
B Are you at the hotel? L No, I’m fine. You look really well. Just the same as always.
L Yes, and it’s wonderful. It has an amazing swimming pool. B Thanks, you too.
B Yes, I know. I’ve been there. L So, where are we going?
L So, when can we meet? B A restaurant called Luella . It’s really good.
B Let’s see – well, tonight’s impossible; I’m seeing Paul, L Wonderful. Let’s go then.
B My car’s outside. That one there. The blue Toyota. Uh, this
aCanadian friend. He invited me to dinner ages ago.
L That’s fine – I’m a little tired anyway. is Erika. She’s my…
B How about tomorrow? I’m meeting students during the Erika Hello, Lily. It’s so nice to meet you. Ben has told me a lot

day, but I’m free in the evening. about you.
L I have a conference dinner tomorrow night. Are you doing L Hi, Erika.
B OK, everybody… get in. Let’s go!
anything on Tuesday night?
B Sorry, but I’m playing tennis with three of my friends. We 3 PRONUNCIATION & SPEAKING 

always play on Tuesday nights, so I can’t cancel it. And I’m sounding friendly
going to Los Angeles on Wednesday, like I told you, and I a 1 67    Tell Sts that sounding friendly often depends
don’t get back until very late, so Wednesday’s out. What
about Thursday night? on intonation (the tone and movement of our voice up
L Thursday’s fine. Are you going to take me to that and down) and not always the words used. Emphasize
restaurant you mentioned? that even if you use the right words, you may sound
B Restaurant – yes, yes of course. unfriendly or bored if your voice is too flat or monotone.
L And then perhaps you can show me around a little on Focus on the dialogue and play the audio once for Sts
Friday? I’m free in the afternoon – the conference ends just to listen.
atlunchtime.
B Sorry, Friday afternoon’s no good. I’m going to the dentist 1 67 
at four. See dialogue in Student Book on page23
L Oh, poor you!
B But maybe after dinner on Thursday we can go for a walk Now play the audio again, pausing after each sentence
and you can see San Francisco at night. for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage Sts to pay
LGreat! particular attention to copying the intonation and to
B I can pick you up at the hotel at about 7:30. Is that OK? try to use a wide voice range.
L Perfect, see you there. Looking forward to it. It’s been ages b In pairs, Sts practice the dialogue in a. Monitor and
since I last saw you. Bye. help with intonation.
c Focus on the instructions. Get Sts to complete three
e Focus on Ben’s calendar and elicit / teach calendar. evenings in their calendar with activities. Encourage them
Highlight how Ben has made the first entry, i.e. that he just to write the -ing form of the verb, as in Ben’s calendar.
has left out I am before seeing, and just written the -ing Extra support
form of the verb. Then tell Sts they are going to listen • Elicit a list of different activities they might be doing
to the telephone conversation again and they need
to complete Ben’s calendar for the other days in the in the evening and write them on the board, e.g.,
sameway. going to the movies, meeting friends, having dinner
Play the audio once or twice if necessary. with…, going to a concert, studying for an exam, etc.
Check answers and copy his calendar onto the board.

Monday meeting students (during the day)
Tuesday playing tennis (with three friends)
Wednesday going to Los Angeles
Thursday meeting Lily
Friday going to dentist (at 4 p.m.)

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3B Extra support
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want to
d Focus on the instructions and the example. Tell Sts
they need to find another student who is free the same give them the Vocabulary photocopiable activity at
evening as them and do an activity together. When this point.
theyagree, they both write it on their calendars. They c Get Sts to complete the questions with a preposition,
then continue talking to other Sts to try to fill all their and check answers.
free evenings.
Demonstrate the activity by asking individual Sts Are 1 for  2 for  3 to, about  4 on, on  5 in, with
you free on Wednesday night? Elicit either Sorry, I’m… or
Yes, I am. If they are free, invite them to do something. Now put Sts in pairs and get them to ask and answer
Tell Sts to stand up and talk to other Sts. the questions.
When they have finished, get some feedback from
theclass. Finally, get some feedback from the class.

Extra support 5WRITING
• Write on the board ways of making suggestions /
Tell Sts to go to Writing An informal email on page113.
inviting to remind Sts, e.g., Would you like to…?, a Focus on the instructions. Get Sts to read the email and
Let’s…, Why don’t we…?
help them with any vocabulary, e.g., your own room,
4VOCABULARY  verbs + prepositions to share a room, attaching, etc.

a Focus on the three extracts from Lily and Ben’s Then focus on the expressions in the list and give Sts a
conversations and elicit that in each sentence there is few minutes in pairs to fill in the blanks.
a preposition missing. Highlight the fact that certain
verbs are often followed by a particular preposition, Check answers. Make sure Sts understand the meaning
e.g., It depends on the weather. of the expressions.

In pairs, Sts complete the sentences and then 1 Dear Omar
checkanswers. 2 Looking forward to hearing from you
3 Best wishes
1on 2in 3to 4P.S.

b Tell Sts to go to Vocabulary Bank Prepositions on b Now get Sts to read the email again and answer
page153 and do part 2 Verbs + prepositions. questions 1–7.
Focus on a and get Sts to complete the Prepositions
column, individually or in pairs. Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
checkanswers.
1 68    Now do b. Play the audio for Sts to
checkanswers. 1 In the summer
2 By plane
1 68  3 The Barnes family
Verbs + prepositions 4No
5a
1 I arrived in New York City on Friday night. 6b
2 I was very tired when I arrived at the hotel. 7 So he can recognize them at the airport.
3 I hate waiting for people who are late.
4 A What are you going to do on the weekend? c Now focus on the instructions and tell Sts they are
B I don’t know. It depends on the weather. going to write an email to Mrs. Barnes. Go through
5 I’m sorry, but I really don’t agree with you. the layout of the email with the class, pointing out the
6 I asked for a chicken sandwich, but this is tuna. three different paragraphs.
7 Let’s invite Debbie and Tim to the party.
8 Who’s going to pay for the meal? Assign the writing in class or as homework.
9 I need to speak to Martin about the meeting. d Make sure Sts check their emails for mistakes before
10 I don’t spend much money on food.
11 Are you going to write to him soon? handing them in.
12 Don’t worry about the exam. It isn’t very hard.
13 She fell in love with a man she met on the Internet.
14 You’re not listening! What are you thinking about?
15 A What do you think of Shakira?
B I really like her. I think she’s great.

Focus on c and get Sts to cover the Prepositions
column and test themselves or each other.
Finally, go through the arrive in or arrive at? box
with the class.
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3B.

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

G defining relative clauses
V expressions for paraphrasing: like, for example, etc.
P pronunciation in a dictionary

3C What’s the word?

Lesson plan b 2 2    Focus on the instructions and the question.

The topic of this lesson is words. First, Sts are introduced Play the audio for Sts to listen to the rules of the game.
to simple, defining relative clauses through the context
of a TV game show, where contestants have to define Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then play the
words to each other. This context shows Sts that relative audio again.
clauses can help them with the essential language skill of
paraphrasing. After practicing the grammar, they go on to Elicit the rules of the game show by asking
learn other useful phrases that will help them keep going thesequestions:
in a conversation when they don’t know the exact word for
something. Sts then read an article about new words that 1 H ow many contestants are there? (two – Lola
come into the language each year; and, finally, Sts see how a andMartin)
dictionary can help them pronounce new words correctly.
2 H ow many words can Martin see on the TV screen? (six)
STUDY  LINK  3 W ho is going to give definitions, the host or Martin?
• Workbook 3C
• Online Practice (Martin)
• iChecker 4 W ho is going to guess the words? (Lola / the contestant)
5 W hich words can’t Martin use? (the words on the
Extra photocopiable activities
TVscreen)
• Grammar  Defining relative clauses page170
• Communicative  Can you explain the word? page217 To make the rules absolutely clear, demonstrate the
game to the class by drawing a card on the board and
(instructions on page200) writing taxi driver on it. Explain that Martin can’t
use taxi or driver (or drive) in his definition. Elicit a
Optional lead-in (books closed) possible definition, e.g., A person who is in a car every
• Tell Sts you are going to play a word game. day. He takes you to places and you pay him.
• Play Hangman with the word dictionary.
!  If you don’t know how to play Hangman, see Level 1 Extra support
• Read through the audioscripts and decide if you need
Teacher’s Book page23.
• Tell Sts that the first part of the lesson is going to be to preteach any new lexis before Sts listen.

about word games. 2 2 
(audioscript in Student Book on page119)
1LISTENING H = Host, L = Lola
H Good evening, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to
a Books open. Focus on the questions. Do the first one in
pairs or as an open-class question. What’s the Word? And our first contestants tonight are
Now give Sts, in pairs, three minutes to find as many Martin and Lola. Hello to you both. Are you nervous?
words of four letters or more as possible. L Just a little.
Get some possible answers. H Well, just try and relax and play What’s the Word? with us.
If you’re watching the show for the first time, here’s how
BRING, GREAT, DISH, CLEAN, SHINE, BLOND, etc. we play the game. As you can see, Martin has a TV screen
in front of him and six words are going to appear on the
Extra challenge screen. Martin has two minutes to describe the words to
• You could play other word games with these letters, Lola so that she can guess what they are. But he can’t use
any part of the words on the screen. So, for example, if
e.g., give Sts three minutes to try to make the longest the word is taxi driver, he can’t use the word taxi or driver
word they can, and the highest scoring word they can or drive.
(the numbers on each letter are the number of points Martin, Lola, are you ready?
the letters score, so e.g., BET scores 5).
c 2 3    Sts now listen to the rest of the show. Tell them
that they have to listen to Martin’s definitions. They
will not hear Lola’s answers, so they have to guess the
six words on the TV screen.

Tell Sts you are going to play the audio twice. Explain
that the first time you are going to play all of the show
and Sts should try to write down some of the words.
Tell Sts not to call out the answers. Tell Sts that the
second time you are going to pause the audio to give
them time to write down each word.

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© Copyright Oxford University Press

3C L A supermarket?
M Yes, good job. OK, word number three. It’s a thing… mmm.
Play the audio.
Get Sts to compare with a partner, but do not check It’s something that we use for everything nowadays. For
answers yet. the Internet, for talking to people, for taking photos… It’s a
kind of gadget. Everyone has one.
2 3  L A smartphone?
(audioscript in Student Book on page119) M That’s it! Word number four. It’s an adjective. It’s the
H = Host, L = Lola, M = Martin opposite of dark.
H Martin, Lola, are you ready? L Light?
M and LYes. M It’s like light, but you only use it to describe hair.
H OK, Martin, you have two minutes to describe your six L Blond?
M Yes! Word number five. It’s an adjective again. Uh…You
words, starting now! use it to describe a person who’s… uh, who’s quick at
M OK, word number one. It’s a person. It’s somebody who learning things.
L Intelligent?
works in a hospital. M No, but it’s similar to intelligent. It’s the opposite of stupid.
L A doctor. L Smart!
M No, no, no… it’s the person who helps the doctor and takes M Yes, right. And word number six, the last one. OK. It’s a
verb. For example, you do this to the TV.
care of the patients. L Watch?
L Oh, a (bleep). M No… It’s what you do when you finish watching TV at night.
M That’s right. Word number two. It’s a place. It’s somewhere L Uh… go to bed?
M No! Come on! You do it to the TV before you go to bed.
where people go when they want to buy things. L Oh, turn off?
L A store. M Yes!
M Not exactly. It’s bigger and you can buy all kinds of
Extra support
different things there, especially food. • If there’s time, you could get Sts to listen again to
L A (bleep)?
M Yes, good job. OK, word number three. It’s a thing… mmm. all three parts of the audio with the audioscripts
on page119, so they can see exactly what they
It’s something that we use for everything nowadays. For understood / didn’t understand. Translate / explain
the Internet, for talking to people, for taking photos… It’s a any new words or phrases.
kind of gadget. Everyone has one.
L A (bleep)? 2GRAMMAR 
M That’s it! Word number four. It’s an adjective. It’s the
opposite of dark. defining relative clauses
L Light? a Focus on the three sentences from the audioscript of
M It’s like light, but you only use it to describe hair.
L (bleep)? What’s the Word? and get Sts to fill in the blanks.
M Yes! Word number five. It’s an adjective again. Uh… You use it
to describe a person who’s… uh, who’s quick at learning things. Check answers and elicit what they refer to.
L Intelligent?
M No, but it’s similar to intelligent. It’s the opposite of stupid. 1that 2where 3who
L (bleep)!
M Yes, right. And word number six, the last one. OK. It’s a 1 = a smartphone, 2 = a supermarket, 3 = a nurse
verb. For example, you do this to the TV.
L Watch?
M No… It’s what you do when you finish watching TV at night.
L Uh… go to bed?
M No! Come on! You do it to the TV before you go to bed.
L Oh, (bleep)?
M Yes!

d 2 4    Tell Sts that they are going to listen to Lola b Get Sts to focus on the three sentences in a and to look
and Martin again, but this time they will hear Lola’s at when the words who, that, and where are used.
answers. They must compare their answers to Lola’s. Get feedback.
Play the audio the whole way through for Sts to
compare their answers. We use who with people, that with people or things, and
Check answers. where with places.

1 a nurse 3 a smartphone 5 smart c 2 5    Tell Sts to go to Grammar Bank 3C on
page130. Focus on the example sentences and play the
2 a supermarket 4 blond 6 turn off audio for Sts to listen and repeat. Encourage them to
copy the rhythm. Then go through the rules with
2 4  the class.
H Martin, Lola, are you ready?
M and LYes. Additional grammar notes
H OK, Martin, you have two minutes to describe your six • You may want to point out that in conversation and

words, starting now! informal writing, native speakers often use that
M OK, word number one. It’s a person. It’s somebody who instead of who, e.g., A waiter is somebody that works
in a restaurant.
works in a hospital. !  T he relative pronoun can be omitted in sentences
L A doctor. like This is the book I told you about, where the
M No, no, no… it’s the person who helps the doctor and takes subject of the relative clause changes, but this is not
focused on at this level.
care of the patients.
L Oh, a nurse. Focus on the exercises for 3C on page131. Sts do the
M That’s right. Word number two. It’s a place. It’s somewhere exercises individually or in pairs.
Check answers, getting Sts to read the full sentences.
where people go when they want to buy things.
L A store.
M Not exactly. It’s bigger and you can buy all kinds of

different things there, especially food.

48

© Copyright Oxford University Press

a1that 3who 5who 7where 3C
2that 4where 6that
4SPEAKING
b 1 That’s the dog that always barks at night.
2 That’s the store where I bought my wedding dress. Put Sts in pairs, A and B, and get them to sit face-to-
3 That’s the actor who was in Glee. face. Tell them to go to Communication What’s the
4 They’re the children who live next door to me. word?, A on page101, B on page107.
5 This is the restaurant where they make great pizza. Go through the instructions with them carefully and
6 That’s the switch that controls the air-conditioner. make sure Sts are clear what they have to do.
7 He’s the teacher who teaches my sister. !  If Sts don’t know what any of their words mean, they
8 That’s the room where we have our meetings. should raise their hand for you to go and help them.
9 This is the light that is broken. A starts by defining his / her first word, and B guesses
and writes it down. When A has finished defining all
Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3C. six words, they change roles.
When Sts have finished, they show each other their
Extra support guesses to make sure they have the right answers.
• If you think Sts need more practice, you may want Tell Sts to go back to the main lesson 3C.

to give them the Grammar photocopiable activity at
this point.

3VOCABULARY paraphrasing 5READING

a Focus on the question and go through the possible a Focus on the article and the title. Ask Sts if they can think
answers a–c, making sure Sts understand them. of a new word that has come into their language recently,
and say what it means. Then ask them if they can think
Elicit answers and try to get a mini discussion going of an English word that has come into use in the last
about the relative merits of each one. fiveyears.
Now focus on the two questions. Tell Sts to read the
You may want to point out to Sts that the word to article to find the answers.
describe option c is paraphrasing (the subheading of Get Sts to compare with a partner, and then
this section). checkanswers.
b 2 6    Tell Sts that they are going to learn some useful
expressions to help them explain words they don’t The article mentions four ways to create new words:
know. In pairs, Sts complete the eight expressions 1 by combining two words
using the words in the list. 2 by changing nouns into verbs
3 by adopting foreign words
Play the audio for Sts to listen and check. 4 from the names of brands or companies.

2 6  b Now focus on the highlighted words. Tell Sts, in pairs,
1It’s somebody who works in a hospital. to look at them in context and try to guess what they
2It’s something that we use for everything nowadays. mean, and then to match them to definitions 1–6.
3It’s somewhere where people go when they want to buy
Check answers.
something.
4 It’s a kind of gadget. 1boy toy 3barista 5latte
5 It’s the opposite of dark. 2 to text 4 road rage 6 gastropub
6It’s like light, but you use it to describe hair.
7It’s similar to intelligent. c Finally, focus on the words in the list. Model and drill
8For example, you do this to the TV. the pronunciation. Tell Sts to be careful with iPod
/ˈaɪpɑd/ and Wi-Fi /ˈwaɪ faɪ/, as they may be pronounced
Extra idea with a different vowel sound in their language.
• Play the audio again, pausing after each sentence,
Put Sts in pairs and give them two minutes to think of
and elicit the word being defined – they are all from good definitions.
1Listening.
c Focus on the six words and make sure Sts know what Check answers and pronunciation of these words.
they mean. Accept any suggestions that define the words well.

In pairs, Sts write definitions for the words. Possible answers

Elicit some of their answers onto the board. emoticon – a symbol that expresses or shows a feeling,

Possible answers e.g., happy or sad
1 It’s somebody who plays music on the radio or in a club.
2 It’s somewhere where you see paintings. to tweet – to write something on Twitter
3 It’s something that you use to take photos.
4 It’s a kind of machine that you use to go from one floor iPod – s omething people use to listen to music

of a building to another. that they download from the Internet
5 For example, you do this when you are on the beach.
6 It’s the opposite of straight. to google – to look for information on the Internet

usingGoogle

Wi-Fi – a way of getting the Internet without cables

ringtone – the sound a cell phone makes when it rings

smartphone – a cell phone that also has Internet

49

© Copyright Oxford University Press

3C

6PRONUNCIATION 

pronunciation in a dictionary
Pronunciation notes
• Although many Sts will still be using a bilingual
dictionary, many also with audio on their phone,
it is also useful for them to be able to recognize
phonetic symbols so that they can figure out the
pronunciation of words in their dictionary.
• Encourage Sts to use their dictionaries to check
pronunciation of new words.

a Focus on the two dictionary extracts and establish what
abbreviations 1–4 mean. You might want to tell Sts that
the first extract is from a monolingual dictionary, and
the second one is from a English – Spanish dictionary.

1verb 2adjective 3somebody 4something

b Focus on the phonetic transcription of the two words
in a (search and busy) and elicit the pronunciation. Ask
Why doesn’t search have a stress mark in it? (because it
only has one syllable). For busy, show the correct stress
by writing it on the board with the stressed syllable
underlined (busy).

c 2 7    Focus on the Checking pronunciation in a
dictionary box and go through it with the class.
Then put Sts in pairs and give them a couple of minutes
to decide how the six words are pronounced, using
the Sound Bank on pages 166–167 to help them with
phonetic symbols.
Now play the audio for Sts to listen and check. Also
check to be sure Sts know what the words mean.
Then play it again, pausing after each word for Sts
torepeat.

2 7 
See words in Student Book on page25.

50

(Video) 4000 Essential English Words 2

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