Botanical Formulations  (2022)

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Part I

JAMES SENSENIG, ND

JARED ZEFF, ND, VNMI, LAC

This column is transcribed from a weekly live conversation produced by the Naturopathic Medical Institute (NMI). The goal of NMI is to preserve and promote the principles of naturopathic philosophy through clinical application, in your offices and in your communities, every day. This lightly edited transcript (by Judith Boice, ND, LAc, FABNO) was the first part of a 3-part conversation hosted by Dr Sensenig and featuring Jared Zeff, ND, VNMI, LAc, and took place on October 18, 2017.

Interstitial Cystitis

Dr Zeff: I have a basic kidney/bladder tonic formula that I use for bladder infections and kidney problems in general: equal parts of Chimaphila, uva ursi, Althea, juniper berry, and Equisetum. I put it in capsules, and I also make it up as a tincture. I may vary it if there are specific reasons to do that. Typically, with a day or 2 of this, a bladder infection is gone. I will probably combine it with a homeopathic medicine – most likely Cantharis, but it could be all kinds of things. If it’s a recurrent problem, of course, you look at why. And “why” has to do with diet and other factors like that.

I’m becoming “famous” as a person who treats interstitial cystitis. Interstitial cystitis is usually easy to reverse but is a bad problem. I had a patient come to me who said that she was just diagnosed at the University of Oregon Medical School. They told her, “There is no treatment, but we have a support group, because there’s a high degree of suicide with this problem.” That was what they left her with.

Then she came to us. We changed her diet, did some hydrotherapy, gave her some of this formula, and eliminated the interstitial cystitis.

Benefits and Uses of Rauwolfia

Rauwolfia is a very useful botanical, but it’s hard to get. It’s very effective most of the time for hypertension. At some point, the FDA is going to figure out the last few places you can get it, and then eliminate those.

(Video) How To Perform the Botanical Formulation Process

Remember always to ask, “What is to be cured?” Hypertension is not what we’re trying to cure. But with that in mind, there are things that we need to do sometimes to get the blood pressure down while we’re working on the cause, so that we don’t need to continue medicating it.

This is a typical formula that I would use to medicate hypertension while I’m eliminating the reasons why the patient has it. Rauwolfia does have some potential side effects. I really like Rauwolfia. It is very reliable, but I’ve seen 1 patient out of many hundreds who became depressed. That’s a contraindication. As soon as I took him off the Rauwolfia, within a day or two, the depression was gone. It can do that because of its effect on the serotonin pathway.

I’ve had 3 male patients develop gynecomastia while on Rauwolfia. I’ve had about 10 patients develop sinus congestion that was bad enough that they wanted to get off of this medication.

But there are many alternatives. If I can’t use Rauwolfia, I’ll substitute Crataegus. It doesn’t have as strong an impact, but it will often reduce blood pressure. I may even add Crataegus to this formula. I’ll use Tilia, Viburnum, all kinds of things. I use a diuretic formula – 3 parts Petroselinum and 1 part Phytolacca – to “diurese” while I’m trying to eliminate why the person is having the hypertension.

Low-Dose Botanicals

I mentioned low-dose botanicals. There are 2 formulas that go by the name of “Turska’s Formula,” and this is one of them. (Dr William) Turska was one of our teachers. I don’t remember how long ago he died [ED: August 25, 1995], but he was an amazing older doctor. One day he wrote this on the board and said, “Use this to treat pelvic pain, cysts, endometriosis.”

I mentioned Les Moore’s book, Classical Formulas in the Western Herbal Tradition. This is a very nice little book. Also, Francis Brinker’s book, The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, and Mitch Stargrove’s book, Herb, Nutrient and Drug Interactions are books that I keep within reach of my desk. If I have any questions, I just grab them. These are my “go to” books for botanical information. Les Moore’s is my formula book, although Cloyce Wilson’s book, Useful Prescriptions, is an old one that’s been published on our website.

This is a formula entirely of what we call low-dose botanicals. You take a four-ounce bottle and add the following:

  • 30 drops of Aconitum tincture
  • 30 drops of Gelsemium tincture
  • 30 drops of Bryonia tincture
  • One dram (4.8 ml, or approximately 1 teaspoon) of Phytolacca

Preparation: QSAD, which is Latin for “add a quantity of AD (aqua distillata – distilled water) sufficient” to fill up 4 ounces. [ED: QSAD stands for the Latin phrase quantum sufficit ad, meaning “as much as is sufficient.”] So, you take a four-ounce bottle, you put these herbs in, and then you fill the bottle up with distilled water. The “sig” is 1 teaspoonful 4 times a day.

I have a patient on that right now. She came to me with abdominal pain. After examining her, I started her on this formula. The next day, the pain was about 95 percent gone. By the end of that day, it was totally gone. It’s a very useful formula.

(Video) REPLAY: Lesson 1 Q&A - Free Mini Botanical Formulation Course

This is one of Turska’s formulas. There’s a different one that is Turska’s liver formula. The formula I just described is his cyst formula. He called this cyst formula his “uterine cyst, ovarian cyst, mammary cyst, fibrocystic breast disease, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, costalgia, respiratory conditions, neuromusculoskeletal conditions, and abdominal pain” formula. In other words, just about anything that hurts. It’s contraindicated in pregnancy, because of the toxicity potential. But it’s a very nice formula. It is toxic, in a sense, but it’s less toxic than Tylenol.

Antibacterial Botanicals

I gave a talk a number of years ago. I was invited to do a “grand rounds” at the local hospital. There was a friendly medical doctor there that liked me. She was Jamaican – that’s probably why she likes us. She arranged for me to come and do a “grand rounds.” I thought that it would be cool to do.

I had just successfully treated a woman who had a staph osteomyelitis in her leg. They were going to amputate her leg at that hospital. I thought, “I’ll present that case, and show them how to heal that, instead of cutting off her leg.”

I talked about treating antibiotic resistant infections. I gave some lists of botanical medicines. These are based upon laboratory studies of plating the botanicals against bacteria and other things somewhat like that. The following are anti-Staph aureus botanicals:

  • Arctium lappa
  • Allium
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
  • Eucalyptus
  • Eupatorium
  • Honey. Honey is an amazing medicine. If a wound is infected, you can pack it with honey, and typically it eliminates the infection.
  • Hydrastis canadensis
  • Hypericum
  • Hyssop
  • Lomatium
  • Paeonia
  • Plantain
  • Salvia
  • Trifolium pratense
  • Usnea barbata

That’s a lot of botanicals, many of which grow wild within probably a few miles of where you live. These are effective when plated against Staph aureus. That includes MRSA, because the botanicals don’t differentiate methicillin-resistant Staph from non-methicillin-resistant Staph.

  • Some anti-Strep herbs: Allium, honey, Hydrastis, Plantago, Lomatium, Salvia
  • Anti-Pseudomonas botanicals: garlic, goldenseal, Lomatium, Salvia, Usnea
  • Anti-E. coli: Allium, garlic, Eupatorium, Hydrastis, Hypericum, Lomatium, Paeonia, Usnea, uva ursi
  • Anti-tuberculosis: garlic and Usnea

Benefits and Uses of Lomatium

I make tincture of Lomatium. I go up into the eastern Cascades and gather a few roots every year, and I tincture them. The dosage that (Dr John) Bastyr told me for Lomatium was 1/10 to 1 drop per dose. I use 2 or 3 drops on the tongue. Typically, that will take out a sore throat within 5 minutes.

Here at the conference, I’ve been taking it twice a day, because some people have been coughing around here. I’m not going to do that, so I’m using my Lomatium.

Lomatium is a very interesting botanical. During the 1918 flu epidemic, the Native American ambassador to the US government for the Portland area wrote a letter to the Smithsonian Institute, which discusses how the Native Americans here are not getting the flu. It seemed everybody in the world was dying from the Spanish flu in 1918, but the local Native Americans had this root they were using that was preventing the flu. It was effective in treatment. That root was Lomatium dissectum, which the local people where I live call chaloosh. We go up into the hills and gather it. It’s an extremely potent medicine. Dr Bastyr used to gather it in the eastern Cascades, which is where it grows.

Usnea, Hydrastis, and Other Antivirals

Usnea grows wild all over the Northwest, and probably all over the United States. Down in Louisiana and Georgia they have something similar called Spanish moss.

(Video) REPLAY: Lesson 2 Q&A - Free Mini Botanical Formulation Course

I want to reverse this a little bit. When we were students at NCNM (National College of Naturopathic Medicine, now NUNM), things were different. We were essentially unregulated. We had a law, and it had some very strict rules, like thou shalt not penetrate the skin or mucus membrane for a therapeutic purpose. But there were so few of us, we were considered a dead profession. I don’t even know if most of the authorities knew we even existed still.

So we did all kinds of things. We ran the lab. We did our own lab work, and so on. We had live cultures in our lab. I was responsible for keeping diphtheria and Staph aureus alive for my first year of school. We had all kinds of things which we probably weren’t supposed to have. But we would take these cultures in test tubes, and we would put in a little loop, and then plate them on various kinds of agar. Then we would take botanical tabs – things that have been soaked in botanical medicines – and put them as if we were doing an antibiotic resistance test. We would incubate them; then we would report on our results. One of the things we found was that Hydrastis killed just about everything. That was one of my favorite herbs. Hydrastis took out Staph aureus, Pseudomonas, gonorrhea, Strep species, syphilis (we had syphilis cultured too!), Vibrio cholera.

These are antiviral botanicals. It’s not a comprehensive list, but it’s a good list: Allium sativa, Glycyrrhiza, Hypericum, hyssop, taheebo, Melissa, Chamomilla, and Ganoderma (mushrooms; reishi, shiitake).

I make an antiviral formula which I find useful in different circumstances: Hypericum, Melissa, Glycyrrhiza, and Lomatium. I like to add Lomatium to everything. It’s a very nice, very potent antimicrobial botanical that has immune tonic properties.

Anti-Parasitic Herbs

Here are some antiparasitic herbs: Artemisia, Cinchona, Gentiana, Juglans, Inula, Spigelia, and there are many others.

You’ll note on the Bolen Test, you can see a certain kind of parasite that’s fairly common. Then you give the appropriate antiparasitics, and redo that, and they’re gone.

Tips for Formulating Botanicals

A simple note on formulating: Dr Turska gave us several methods of putting together botanical formulas. He said, “Most of the time, you’re going to have a primary action that you want from the formula.” Say the person has bronchitis. So, you want a botanical medicine that will effectively deal with their bronchitis. Then you’re going to have 1 or 2 medicines to moderate that effect.

Example: Prunus is tonifying to the lungs; it improves the blood flow to the lungs. It is soothing to the lung mucosa. Glycyrrhiza is somewhat soothing to the lung mucosa. Prunus is somewhat drying; Glycyrrhiza is somewhat moisturizing. With Asclepias, which is a little bit harsh, you modify that harshness and the power of the Asclepias with Glycyrrhiza and Prunus, and a little tiny bit of Bryonia to synergize the formula, and you know what homeopathic Bryonia does for the lung tissue. It’s a major remedy for pneumonia and chest pain.

So, we have here a formula, and you can use this concept and apply it in a thousand different ways: 1 or 2 primary herbs, 2 or 3 secondary herbs, a synergist as appropriate. You might have 2 or 3 kinds of secondary herbs to moderate the effects of the formula.

(Video) Introduction to Formulation with Formula Botanica

Botanical formulating is fun and easy. So, if you’re not doing it, start.

Botanical Formulations (1)

JamesSensenig, NDwas a 1978 graduate of NCNM in Portland, OR. For over 40 years he maintained an eclectic practice in Hamden, CT.Over the years, DrSensenigheld prominent positions in the various naturopathic colleges and the AANP. A champion of classical naturopathic medicine, DrSensenigreceived an Honorary Doctor of Naturopathic Philosophydegree from CCNM, and received numerous awards for his dedication to teaching the principles of naturopathic medicine.

Botanical Formulations (2)

Jared L. Zeff, ND, VNMI, LAc, is a licensed doctor of naturopathic medicine and a licensed acupuncturist. In addition to functioning as Medical Director at the Salmon Creek Naturopathic Clinic in Vancouver, WA, Dr Zeff teaches on the faculty at National University of Natural Medicine in Portland, OR, where he was also Dean from 1988 to 1993, and holds a professorship in Naturopathic Medicine. Dr Zeff is a graduate of the University of California, NCNM, and the Emperor’s College of Traditional Oriental Medicine. He, along with Pamela Snider, is the author of the AANP’s Definition of Naturopathic Medicine, and the Therapeutic Order concept.



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Botanical Formulations (3)

(Video) EP99. Makeup formulation with botanical pigments

FAQs

How do you create cosmetic formulation? ›

6 Steps to Create a Cosmetic Formula
  1. Step 1 — Define your product. Before you get started, you need to think about what you are going to make. ...
  2. Step 2 — Find a starting formula. ...
  3. Step 3 — Prepare for your batch. ...
  4. Step 4 — Making the batch. ...
  5. Step 5 — Test your batch. ...
  6. Step 6 — Revise formula and Repeat.

What is organic formulation? ›

Organic Formulations is a quality Personal Care Range formulated using Organic Ingredients, proudly manufactured here in Australia by Martin & Pleasance.

What are the organic ingredient? ›

Organic ingredients are food materials from animal or plant origin produced according to organic standards. In the U.S., these standards are established and regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

How do you calculate percentage of cosmetic formulation? ›

To do this, you firstly need to decide how much product you want to make – the total size of your batch. You then need to work out how much of each ingredient to use, and there is an easy calculation to make. This calculation is the percentage of the ingredient divided by 100, multiplied by the batch size.

What is custom formulation? ›

Custom formulation is the creation of a product made exclusively for your company to your specifications. According to a recent study from Grand View Research, custom formulation is a small percentage of the more than $2 billion personal care custom manufacturing industry.

What is formulation example? ›

Formulations are mixtures of chemical substances, designed to be used for a particular purpose. Examples of products which are formulations include pharmaceutical drugs, personal care products, paints, detergents and herbicides.

What are the components of formulation? ›

A formulation can be created from numerous components such as active ingredients, rheological agents, functional agents, antimicrobial agents, propylene glycols, and diluents.

What are formulation products? ›

Product formulation is the understanding of how materials behave and interact to provide enhanced properties, improved processing and delivery of an active ingredient in a convenient and useable form.

Does organic mean 100% organic? ›

For a product to be considered certified organic by the USDA and carry the USDA seal, it must either be 100% completely organic or be 95-99% organic with non-organic ingredients being approved by the USDA. All other products typically fall into another category: made with organic ingredients.

What is considered 100% organic? ›

“100% Organic” means that the product was produced and processed using only organic methods and organic ingredients (excluding water and salt but including processing aids). These products cannot contain any ingredients from the National List of Prohibited Substances.

What does 100% natural ingredients mean? ›

The FDA has considered the term "natural" to mean that nothing artificial or synthetic (including all color additives regardless of source) has been included in, or has been added to, a food that would not normally be expected to be in that food.

How do you calculate quality percentage? ›

How to Calculate Percentage Error
  1. Subtract the actual value from the estimated value.
  2. Divide the results from step 1 with the real value.
  3. Multiply the results by 100 to find the total percentage.

What is the profit margin in cosmetics? ›

Typically beauty and cosmetics stores gain a handful of profit on all the products- margins usually range from 20% to around 60-70%.

How do you calculate percentage of ingredients in skincare? ›

Thirdly, to work out the percentage (the fraction out of a 100 total amount) of each ingredient you will need to divide each ingredient with the total weight amount, in this case 232g, and then multiply by 100.

What is formulation concept? ›

Formulation is a term used in various senses in various applications, both the material and the abstract or formal. Its fundamental meaning is the putting together of components in appropriate relationships or structures, according to a formula.

How is a formulation made? ›

A formulation is a mixture that has been designed to do something useful. It is formed by mixing together several different substances in carefully measured quantities to ensure the product has the required properties.

What do you mean by formulations? ›

A formulation is a mixture of ingredients prepared in a certain way and used for a specific purpose. For example, if you are sick, you may need a formulation of a combination of antibiotics. If you devise or conceptualize an idea, you can also refer to this act with the noun formulation.

What is another name of formulation? ›

articulation, devising, elaboration, fashioning, formation, formulate, framing, phraseology, phrasing, preparation, wording, Formulating, drawing-up.

What are the steps in formulation? ›

6 steps to execute strategy formulation
  1. Develop a strategic mission. ...
  2. Establish organizational goals. ...
  3. Create departmental plans. ...
  4. Conduct a performance analysis. ...
  5. Implement a plan of action. ...
  6. Revise your strategy as needed.

What are the 5 P's of formulation? ›

They conceptualized a way to look at clients and their problems, systematically and holistically taking into consideration the (1) Presenting problem, (2) Predisposing factors, (3) Precipitating factors, (4) Perpetuating factors, and (5) Protective factors.

What is the purpose of a formulation? ›

In clinical practice, formulations are used to communicate a hypothesis and provide framework for developing the most suitable treatment approach. It is most commonly used by clinical psychologists and is deemed to be a core component of that profession.

What are three examples of formulations? ›

Formulations are all around us, for example:
  • fuels.
  • cleaning products.
  • paints.
  • medicines.
  • alloys.
  • fertilisers.
  • foods.

Why is the formulation of a product important? ›

With the knowledge in materials processing and manufacturing, product formulation delivers effective ingredients in a functional, safe, and usable form.

What is formulation design? ›

Formulation design and development involves a combination of various components and optimization of process parameters. Excipients are considered as the vital component of the quality drug product, and it is mandatory to ensure that product development should not result in any incompatibility.

What is formulation plant? ›

The process which involves the combining of a drug which is active in order to achieve a medicinal end product is what pharmaceutical formulation entails. The whole process of setting up any pharmaceutical manufacturing plant can be very hectic and labor intensive.

Is organic really chemical free? ›

Most people think of organic as the “chemical-free” alternative, and while organic farmers avoid toxic herbicides and pesticides at all costs, that assumption isn't entirely true. Yes: organic certification restricts the use of many chemical pesticides and fertilizers.

Is organic actually safer? ›

Meats produced using usual (conventional) methods may have higher amounts of dangerous types of bacteria that may not be able to be treated with antibiotics. The overall risk of contamination of organic foods with bacteria is the same as conventional foods.

Is organic really that much better? ›

Overall, is it better to eat organic? Organic diets we know lead to less pesticide and antibiotic exposure, but nutritionally, they are about the same. In addition, there's no evidence of clinically relevant differences between organic and conventional milk.

Can you say organic if not certified? ›

Can a product be labeled “organic” without being certified? If you make a product and want to claim that it or its ingredients are organic, your final product probably needs to be certified.

What are the 3 levels of organic? ›

Takeaways
  • There are three types of organic labels: “100% Organic,” “Organic,” and “Made with organic ingredients.” (0:15)
  • There is one exemption to being certified: you make less than $5,000 annual revenue from organic products. ( 1:45)
  • These labels are process claims, not product claims. ( 2:22)
18 Sept 2015

How do I know if it's really organic? ›

Look for the word "organic" on vegetables or pieces of fruit, or on the sign above the organic produce display. The word "organic" may also appear on packages of meat, cartons of milk or eggs, cheese and other single-ingredient foods. Foods labeled "100 percent organic" must contain only organic ingredients.

Is 100% pure the same as organic? ›

Certified Organic means the plants used are grown without toxic pesticides, herbicides, or chemical fertilizers. It's regulated by the USDA. Pure means plants were used. The plants can be grown in any condition with chemicals and pesticides and still be considered pure.

What ingredients should I avoid in the list? ›

12 Common Food Additives — Should You Avoid Them?
  • Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) Monosodium glutamate, or MSG, is a common food additive used to intensify and enhance the flavor of savory dishes. ...
  • Artificial Food Coloring. ...
  • Sodium Nitrite. ...
  • Guar Gum. ...
  • High-Fructose Corn Syrup. ...
  • Artificial Sweeteners. ...
  • Carrageenan. ...
  • Sodium Benzoate.
23 Apr 2018

Can a product be 100% organic? ›

Products labeled '100% organic' should contain ingredients and processing aids – excluding water and salt – that are only organically produced. Any other ingredients or additives are not permitted. Products labeled 'organic' should contain a minimum of 95% organically produced ingredients (excluding water and salt).

What to study to formulate cosmetics? ›

The first step to becoming a cosmetic chemist is earning a bachelor's degree from a college or university.
...
Cosmetic chemists often earn their degree in one of the following sciences:
  • biology.
  • chemistry.
  • chemical engineering.
  • microbiology.
  • pharmaceutical science.
24 Nov 2021

How do you formulate skin care products? ›

How to formulate organic skincare - YouTube

Can you patent a cosmetic formulation? ›

Cosmetic patents tend to fall under the umbrella of a utility patent for their formulation and composition. To qualify for this patent, your creation has to meet the following criteria: It must contain a formulation or mixture of ingredients. A single ingredient cannot be patented.

How do you become a product formulator? ›

In order to become a formulator, you need to be able to:
  1. Safely create a formulation from scratch.
  2. Understand the way that your ingredients work together.
  3. Set up a safe and hygienic working space.
  4. Learn how to comply with the cosmetics regulations in your country.

How much does a cosmetic formulator make? ›

Salary Ranges for Cosmetic Chemists

The middle 57% of Cosmetic Chemists makes between $64,331 and $161,631, with the top 86% making $356,999.

Can pharmacist formulate cosmetics? ›

A cosmetic pharmacist known as an aesthetics pharmacist is a pharmacist specializing in cosmetics. They may also be involved in the research and development of new cosmetics products. To become a cosmetic pharmacist, you must first complete a pharmacy degree from an accredited school.

Is Formula Botanica accredited? ›

Formula Botanica is an accredited, 100% online, award-winning natural formulation school based out of the United Kingdom. They offer a wide variety of courses related to formulating natural skin and hair care to students all over the world.

How long does it take to formulate a skincare product? ›

Still, many Cosmetic Creators report that the process often takes much longer than anticipated, ranging from twelve to eighteen months—or longer, if they're using a new or uncommon ingredient, if their brand is new, if extensive testing is required, or if there are bottlenecks somewhere along the assembly line.

How do you formulate lotion? ›

Lotion is created by combining oils and water with an emulsifier. The texture of your lotion will depend on the proportions of each ingredient and the type of emulsifier and oils. Additional ingredients such as glycerin, thickeners, fragrance and color can also be added.

What do you understand by product formulation? ›

What is product formulation? Product formulation is the understanding of how materials behave and interact to provide enhanced properties, improved processing and delivery of an active ingredient in a convenient and useable form.

What products Cannot be patented? ›

What can't be patented?
  • literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works.
  • a way of doing business, playing a game or thinking.
  • a method of medical treatment or diagnosis.
  • a discovery, scientific theory or mathematical method.
  • the way information is presented.
  • some computer programs or mobile apps.
17 Dec 2018

Can I make and sell my own beauty products? ›

It's not against the law to manufacture cosmetics in your home. Keep in mind, however, that it's your responsibility to manufacture products in an environment that will not cause them to become adulterated. FDA does not have regulations specifying good manufacturing practices (GMP) for cosmetics.

How much is it to patent a cosmetic formula? ›

Patent attorneys often charge anywhere between $8,000 and $15,000+ to prepare and file a patent application. The amount an attorney will charge you depends on how complex your invention is, as well as where your attorney is located.

Can I become a product owner with no experience? ›

Yes, you can break into product management and become a Product Manager even if you have no product management experience.

How do I produce my own products? ›

To start developing your plan, undertake the following 6 steps.
  1. Research your idea. Do a thorough business analysis: ...
  2. Make or build and test your prototype. Get a working prototype of your new product. ...
  3. Write a marketing strategy and plan. ...
  4. Launching your product. ...
  5. Keep reviewing your product. ...
  6. Protect your idea.
15 Jul 2021

How much does it cost to hire a formulation chemist? ›

Budget: How much does it cost to hire a cosmetic chemist? The answer varies based on what kind of expertise you need and how quickly you need it. However a benchmark figure is that it can cost betweeen USD 500-USD 5,000.

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