Low Estrogen Symptoms in Women and their Treatment (2023)

The hormone estrogen is most often related to females. Men also produce estrogen but only in small amounts. A low level of estrogen or reducing level of estrogen can lead to several health issues and symptoms.

Though in a small amount, these hormones play a significant role in keeping our health in a prime condition. Low estrogen symptoms can be damaging to the body.

Estrogen primarily deals with female development during the stage of puberty and also the reproductive cycle. Not only that, but it also affects bone health and mental well-being. Furthermore, hormone estrogen:

  • Is crucial for sexual development, especially of girls when they reach the stage of puberty.
  • It also controls the development of the lining of the uterine at the time of the menstrual cycle.
  • Changes the breast formation, size and shape and at the beginning of a pregnancy.
  • Helps in the metabolism of cholesterol and bone.
  • Controls food intake
  • Manages body weight
  • Helps in glucose metabolism
  • Responsible for insulin sensitivity

Low Estrogen Symptoms

Ovaries mainly produce estrogen, and low estrogen causes several symptoms to the body. Women who face eating disorders are at more risk of low levels of estrogen.

(Video) What are the symptoms of low estrogen levels?

Girls who have not reached the stage of puberty and women approaching the period of menopause are mostly affected with low estrogen. However, women of all age groups can suffer low estrogen. Let us look at the common symptoms.

  • Sex can be painful due to the low amount of vaginal lubrication
  • Increases the infections of urinary tract infections due to the thinning line of the uterine
  • Absent or irregular periods
  • Frequent mood swings
  • Hot flashes
  • Increases the tenderness of the breast
  • Increasing headaches or increase of the migraines that is pre-existing
  • Increased depression
  • Trouble focusing or concentrating
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Bones become more prone to fractures as the bone density decreases

Estrogen functions along with calcium, Vitamin D, and other essential minerals to maintain healthy bone health. If the problems of low estrogen are left untreated and uncared for, it may gradually lead one to infertility.

Causes of Low Estrogen

As said earlier, estrogen production mainly happens in the ovaries. If there is anything that can affect the ovaries, it will eventually affect estrogen production too. Let us look at the causes that lead to symptoms of low estrogen.

Young women generally experience problems with low-level estrogen-like:

  • Too much exercise
  • Disorders with eating like that of an anorexic patient
  • Weak performance by the pituitary gland
  • Early failure of ovaries due to genetic issues, toxins, or other conditions related to the autoimmune system
  • Turner syndrome
  • Chronic disease of the kidney
  • Chemotherapy
  • Thyroid disorder
  • Being too underweight
  • Ovarian cysts

Age is a major risk factor for low estrogen levels. As the woman approaches the period of menopause, the estrogen level starts to fall. In fact, the estrogen levels begin to drop even several years before the actual menopause hits.

This stage is called perimenopause. During perimenopause, the ovaries will continue to produce estrogen but in a lower amount. And, when one reaches the menopause stage, the production of estrogen completely stops.

Having a family history or genetic issues associated with hormonal problems can also increase the chances of developing low estrogen. These common causes are the common risk factors of low estrogen in women.

(Video) Low Estrogen Symptoms

Effect of Low Estrogen on Weight

Low estrogen can severely affect the weight of a person. Hormones like estrogen play a vital role in weight management. It also affects the fat storage of the body. Low estrogen levels during the time of perimenopause and menopause may lead to an increase in weight.

The place of fat storage also changes with low estrogen levels. Generally, a woman stores fat mostly in the hip and thigh areas but those changes with estrogen levels.

Estrogen also regulates the metabolism of glucose and lipid. If your estrogen levels are at a low level, it will lead to weight gain. One should follow a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet and exercises to reduce increasing weight. Weight fluctuations can damage the body and lead to several dangerous health problems like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, etc.

Diagnosis of Low Estrogen

Treatment must be followed once the diagnosis of low estrogen is detected to avoid further health issues. It is necessary to consult the doctors if you are facing low estrogen.

A doctor can assess your problem way better. If there have been similar cases of the problem in the family history, it should be reported to the doctors. A doctor will also perform a physical test for you to detect the problem areas. Blood tests are necessary to measure the levels of hormones.

Your levels of estradiol and estrone will also be tested if necessary. In some cases, your doctor may recommend you for a brain scan to find the abnormalities affecting your endocrine system. DNA tests are also performed to assess problems with the endocrine system.

(Video) Female Hormone Imbalance | Signs of Too Much Estrogen & Estrogen Dominance

Treatment for Symptoms of Low Estrogen

Not all women need treatment for a low level of estrogen. But if one is facing the symptoms of low estrogen, treatment must be taken. There are generally two types of treatment, and the option of treatment will depend upon the causes of low estrogen in an individual’s body. A doctor can best suggest the perfect way to you.

Therapy of Hormone Replacement

Typically, doctors suggest hormone replacement therapy for people suffering from low estrogen levels. There are different types of treatment.

Usually, doctors recommend a combination of estrogen and progesterone hormone therapy. This therapy helps to maintain the balance of estrogen levels in women facing low estrogen.

This therapy is all the better for those approaching the stage of menopause or those suffering from post-menopause problems. However, one must also be aware of the side effects of this treatment of hormone replacement. They are:

  • Bloating
  • Increased headaches
  • Vaginal bleeding

Women can also treat hormone replacement in several ways: orally, vaginally, topically, pellets under the skin, and injections. The dose varies depending upon the individual problems.

Remember that all women cannot undergo this treatment like those with a history of heart attack, stroke and high blood pressure. It is important to know the pros and cons of hormone replacement treatment before one goes for it.

(Video) Here are five signs of low estrogen | Health Smart

Estrogen Therapy

Sometimes, doctors only prescribe estrogen to improve estrogen deficiency and increase the low estrogen level. The doctor may ask patients whose ovaries have been removed to go for this estrogen therapy to avoid the low estrogen.

Women within the range of 25 dose amount will depend on the seriousness of the condition. This therapy can also be taken orally, vaginally, topically and via injections. Even one reaches the required estrogen levels, and one should continue to undergo this therapy to sustain the balanced level of estrogen.

In most cases, estrogen therapy is recommended for not more than two years as they are prone to increase cancer risks.

The proper level of estrogen hormone should be maintained for the betterment of the overall health condition. If any woman experiences problems with symptoms should immediately take medical help and consult the doctor for any treatment that might be required. Genetic issues, hormonal imbalances, and certain diseases can lead to low estrogen levels.

This can further interfere and cause a problem with sexual development and functions. Low estrogen can increase obesity, diabetes, bone fracture, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. Treatments have advanced over the years and have become more effective in today’s world.

The treatment for low estrogen levels will vary in duration and dose based on individual problems. Low estrogen in women can be a serious issue and lead to many severe health conditions if left untreated.

(Video) How to Fix Your Low Estrogen Levels

FAQs

What is the best treatment for low estrogen? ›

What medications treat low estrogen? Hormone replacement therapy (HT) is a common treatment for low estrogen, especially during menopause and postmenopause. With HT, you take synthetic forms of estrogen and/or the hormone progesterone to boost your levels.

How do you feel when you are low on estrogen? ›

Low estrogen symptoms include changes to your period, headaches, moodiness, and hot flashes. Other signs include dry skin, difficulty concentrating, breast tenderness, and vaginal dryness. Estrogen is a hormone responsible for maintaining vaginal blood flow and lubrication.

What happens to a woman when her estrogen levels are low? ›

Low estrogen levels in women can cause symptoms including irregular periods, hot flashes, painful sex, headaches, mood swings, and more. The most common cause of low estrogen is menopause. But too much exercise, disordered eating, or complications with your ovaries could also lead to lower levels.

How do you treat low estrogen naturally? ›

Top 7 foods and remedies to boost estrogen
  1. Soy and other legumes. Soybeans and soy products are a rich source of isoflavones, one of the most important groups of phytoestrogens. ...
  2. Flaxseeds. ...
  3. Dark chocolate. ...
  4. Garlic oil supplements. ...
  5. Red clover. ...
  6. Vitamin D. ...
  7. DHEA.
2 Nov 2022

What vitamins can increase estrogen? ›

B vitamins

B vitamins play an important role in the creation and activation of estrogen in the body. Low levels of these vitamins can lead to reduced levels of estrogen.

Does vitamin D increase estrogen? ›

High blood levels of vitamin D linked to reduced estrogen – and potentially lower breast cancer risk. Can taking daily vitamin D supplements decrease sex-hormone levels and thereby potentially reduce the risk of breast cancer in older women?

What problems does low estrogen cause? ›

Low estrogen levels can interfere with sexual development and sexual functions. They can also increase your risk for obesity, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. Treatments have evolved over the years and become more effective.

What triggers low estrogen? ›

Causes of Low Estrogen Levels

Excessive exercise. Thyroid conditions. Pituitary gland dysfunction. Anorexia, bulimia, or other eating disorders.

How do I boost my estrogen? ›

How can I increase my estrogen levels naturally?
  1. Soy products – Soy products are well known for their high concentrations of phytoestrogens. ...
  2. Legumes – Legumes are another source of phytoestrogens. ...
  3. Nuts and seeds – Nuts and seeds can also be a source of phytoestrogens.
17 Aug 2022

How can I raise my estrogen levels naturally? ›

7 Ways You Can Boost Estrogen Naturally
  1. Eat More Phytoestrogen Rich Foods.
  2. Take Your B-Vitamins.
  3. Get More Vitamin D.
  4. Try Chasteberry.
  5. Include Boron in Your Diet.
  6. Black Cohosh.
  7. Add Evening Primrose Oil to Your Routine.

What age does estrogen drop? ›

It usually happens around age 51. With menopause, your estrogen levels drop and you no longer ovulate. The decrease in estrogen may lead to symptoms like vaginal dryness, mood changes, night sweats and hot flashes. The primary estrogen in your body changes from estradiol (E2) to estrone (E1) during menopause.

Is there an estrogen supplement? ›

Fortunately, estrogen supplements are now available over the counter. These medications contain either lower doses of naturally-occurring estrogen or other compounds that prompt the body to produce more. Nature's Way Dim-Plus Supplement is a bioidentical form of estrogen that can help relieve the symptoms of menopause.

Is low estrogen curable? ›

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can restore levels of estrogen and other hormones. Sometimes, doctors recommend combination therapy that provides both estrogen and progesterone to people going through menopause. A person may take HRT as an injection, vaginally, topically, or orally.

Which food is highest in estrogen? ›

When it comes to estrogenic foods, flax seeds rank near the top. They have the highest amount of phytoestrogen content out of all the phytoestrogen-rich foods. Flax seeds are also a great source of dietary fiber, which helps to lower cholesterol and regulate the digestive tract.

How can I increase my estrogen levels without HRT? ›

The most widely cited natural remedy is soy, which is very high in phytoestrogens, or plant estrogens. Other sources are red clover and flaxseed, both of which are available as supplements.

What herb has the highest estrogen? ›

The phytoestrogens found in these foods include isoflavones and lignans. 1 Herbs with high phytoestrogen content include alfalfa , hops , licorice , thyme, and verbena.

What is the best vitamin for estrogen? ›

Vitamin B, Vitamin D, Boron
  • All three of these vitamins/minerals play an important role in the body's production of estrogen.
  • If any of them are low, it can lead to a decrease in the body's regular production of estrogen.

What herbs raise estrogen levels? ›

Black cohosh, red clover, chaste-tree berry, dong quai, evening primrose, ginkgo, ginseng and licorice are among the most popular herbs for women experiencing problems with menopause. Some of these herbs have powerful hormone-like effects, and women should not assume herbs are harmless.

What is the best vitamins to take for hormonal imbalance? ›

The 4 Essential Vitamins and Nutrients for Hormonal Imbalance
  • Vitamin D. Vitamin D controls the production and activity of estrogen and progesterone to keep these hormones balanced . ...
  • Vitamin C. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is a popular vitamin, nutrient, and antioxidant. ...
  • B Vitamins. ...
  • Vitamin B12. ...
  • Vitamin B6. ...
  • Omega-3.

Does sunlight increase estrogen? ›

Findings. Hormone levels revealed that participants who were most exposed to sunlight had lower levels of estrogen and more gonadotropins compared to those exposed to lower levels of UV-radiation.

Do bananas balance hormones? ›

Imbalances in insulin and cortisol can also affect your sexual hormones. "Foods that are in the high-glycemic index, such as refined sugars, bananas, potatoes, and other heavy starches, will disrupt hormonal balances and your body's ability to maintain a whole body health," says Dr.

What vitamin deficiency can cause low estrogen? ›

The Importance of Vitamin D

Estrogen imbalance: Vitamin D deficiency may lead to lowered estrogen levels, which can cause depression, hot flashes, mood swings and more.

What foods to avoid if estrogen is low? ›

The foods you need to avoid include: flax seeds, dried fruits, sesame seeds, garlic, peaches, berries, wheat bran, tofu, tempeh, dairy products, meat, alcohol, grains, and legumes.

What age is too late to take estrogen? ›

The International Menopause Society guidelines recommend that if menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is prescribed, it be commenced before the age of 60, or within 10 years of menopause.

How do I know if I need estrogen? ›

Signs & Symptoms of Low Estrogen

Weight gain. Thinning hair. Dry skin/lips. Vaginal dryness (which may make sexual intercourse painful)

Does lack of estrogen cause aging? ›

During menopause, lower levels of estrogen have a big impact on your skin. Less estrogen makes you prone to thinning, sagging, and wrinkling. Fortunately, you can relieve some of the skin-related effects of aging by taking care of your specific skin care needs.

What pills can i take for estrogen? ›

Estrogen-Only Medicines
Brand NameGeneric NameProduct Type
Premarinconjugated estrogensPill Vaginal Cream Injection (Shot)
VagifemestradiolVaginal Tablet
VivelleestradiolPatch
Vivelle-DotestradiolPatch
22 more rows
22 Aug 2019

What is a good estrogen substitute? ›

Plant-derived estrogens (phytoestrogens) — Plant-derived estrogens have been marketed as a "natural" or "safer" alternative to hormones for relieving menopausal symptoms. Phytoestrogens are found in many foods, including soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, flaxseed, lentils, grains, fruits, vegetables, and red clover.

What is the safest way to take estrogen? ›

For those with an elevated risk of these conditions, or over the age of 50, forms of estrogen that are delivered through the skin, such as a patch, are generally the safest option.

Which fruit is rich in estrogen? ›

Dried fruits

Dried fruits are nutrient-rich, delicious, and easy to enjoy as a no-fuss snack. They are also a potent source of various phytoestrogens ( 15 ). Dates, prunes, and dried apricots are a few of the dried fruits highest in phytoestrogens ( 16 ).

What foods and drinks increase estrogen? ›

Foods that reportedly increase estrogen include flax seeds, soybean products, chocolate, fruit, nuts, chickpeas, and legumes. Before we delve into why these foods are said to increase estrogen, we need to look at two important definitions; phytoestrogens and lignans.

What vegetables are high in estrogen? ›

Cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage are also great sources of phytoestrogens. “Phytoestrogens may be beneficial in regulating menopausal symptoms. For example, studies show that diets high in phytoestrogens result in reduced hot flushes in menopausal women,” says Burgess.

What happens when you have no more estrogen? ›

And the continued low estrogen levels lead to more serious health concerns. The rate of bone loss speeds up, increasing your risk of low bone density, osteopenia and osteoporosis. You also have a higher chance of having a heart attack, stroke or other heart-related issues.

What is a natural estrogen? ›

Estrogen is an important naturally-occurring hormone. It's key to women's sexual and reproductive development. It may support heart-healthy and anti-cancer effects for women and men. Estrogen levels are higher in women, but the evidence is that good levels are also important for men's health.

Can a woman live without estrogen? ›

When your ovaries are removed (oophorectomy) during a hysterectomy, your estrogen levels drop. Estrogen therapy (ET) replaces some or all of the estrogen that your ovaries would be making until menopause. Without estrogen, you are at risk for weak bones later in life, which can lead to osteoporosis.

How can a woman raise her estrogen levels? ›

7 Ways You Can Boost Estrogen Naturally
  1. Eat More Phytoestrogen Rich Foods.
  2. Take Your B-Vitamins.
  3. Get More Vitamin D.
  4. Try Chasteberry.
  5. Include Boron in Your Diet.
  6. Black Cohosh.
  7. Add Evening Primrose Oil to Your Routine.

How do you fix low estrogen? ›

What medications treat low estrogen? Hormone replacement therapy (HT) is a common treatment for low estrogen, especially during menopause and postmenopause. With HT, you take synthetic forms of estrogen and/or the hormone progesterone to boost your levels.

What helps a woman's estrogen? ›

How can I increase my estrogen levels naturally?
  • Soy products – Soy products are well known for their high concentrations of phytoestrogens. ...
  • Legumes – Legumes are another source of phytoestrogens. ...
  • Nuts and seeds – Nuts and seeds can also be a source of phytoestrogens.
17 Aug 2022

How can I increase my estrogen without hormone therapy? ›

The most widely cited natural remedy is soy, which is very high in phytoestrogens, or plant estrogens. Other sources are red clover and flaxseed, both of which are available as supplements.

How do you feel with low estrogen levels? ›

Signs & Symptoms of Low Estrogen
  • Hot flashes, flushing, and sweating at night.
  • Weight gain.
  • Thinning hair.
  • Dry skin/lips.
  • Vaginal dryness (which may make sexual intercourse painful)
  • Irregular menstrual cycles (which may even stop completely)
  • Infertility (trouble getting pregnant)
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
3 Jan 2022

What supplements affect estrogen levels? ›

Supplements to consider include: Magnesium helps with testosterone, estrogen, and DHEA production. B vitamins are involved with everything including metabolism, mood, and much more. Vitamin D3 deficiencies may cause estrogen imbalance.

Are there estrogen supplements? ›

Fortunately, estrogen supplements are now available over the counter. These medications contain either lower doses of naturally-occurring estrogen or other compounds that prompt the body to produce more. Nature's Way Dim-Plus Supplement is a bioidentical form of estrogen that can help relieve the symptoms of menopause.

What is the most important estrogen for females? ›

Estriol (E3):

It takes priority during pregnancy as it's released from the placenta. It's responsible for creating a healthy uterine environment for your baby to grow in and readies the female body for childbirth.

How can I naturally balance my estrogen? ›

Here are some ways to naturally balance your hormones.
  1. Get enough protein. ...
  2. Exercise regularly. ...
  3. Maintain a moderate weight. ...
  4. Watch your gut health. ...
  5. Lower sugar intake. ...
  6. Reduce stress. ...
  7. Get enough sleep. ...
  8. Eat healthy fats.

Videos

1. Low Estrogen Symptoms Checklist + Treatment Guide
(Dr. Westin Childs)
2. Low Estrogen Symptoms - How to Increase Levels Naturally
(Perry - Perimenopause Community)
3. Low Estrogen Causes in Women
(Deborah Maragopoulos FNP)
4. 8 Alarming Signs You Have Too Much Estrogen
(BRIGHT SIDE)
5. Symptoms of Low Estrogen
(Menopause Doctor)
6. Other issues for young women with low estrogen
(EmpowHER)
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